The Basic Writings of Josiah Royce, Volume II
Logic, Loyalty, and Community
Publication Year: 2005
Published by: Fordham University Press
Title Page, Copyright
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Preface to the Fordham University Press Edition
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It is propitious and gratifying that Fordham University Press has decided to reissue these two volumes of The Basic Writings of Josiah Royce. When first published, in 1969, reviewers and commentators were taken with both the sweep and the depth of Royce's thought. After Royce's death on September 14, 1916, his philosophical reputation went into a decline, and he often was represented as being...
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Few travelers on the heavily used highway from Reno to Sacramento reflect on the names of the small towns as they are quickly passed, one blurring out the other. But one of these towns, Emigrant Gap, California, invites us to travel a bypass, rich with tall pines, clean air, and an invigorating breeze. On that road is the town of Grass Valley, California, where the philosopher Josiah...
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Editor's Note on the Text
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With the exception of an occasional transition sentence and the concluding acknowledgement paragraph of "The Possibility of International Insurance," I have avoided any internal editing of the text. In only two instances have I broken up an original essay. First, under the chapter title "Types of Order," sections 2 and 3 of...
Part VI: Logic and Methodology
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For his times, Royce was a logician of the first rank. The quality of his work in logic becomes more extraordinary when considered in the context of his multiple achievements in areas of thought quite apart from that effort. Morton White, who is skeptical of Royce's overall achievement, evaluates his contribution in this...
21: Recent Logical Inquiries and Their Psychological Bearings
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The American Psychological Association has always given a kindly recognition to the general philosophical interests which many of its members represent, as well as to the more distinctively psychological concerns which properly form the center and the main body of its undertakings. In honoring me, by calling me to fill for the...
22: The Problem of Truth in the Light of Recent Discussion
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The question: What is Truth? is a typical philosophical problem. But it has been by no means at all times equally prominent throughout the history of philosophy. The ages in which it has come to the front have been those wherein, as at present, a keenly critical spirit has been predominant. At such times metaphysical interests are more or less subordinated, for a while, to the problems...
23: The Mechanical, the Historical, and the Statistical
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This meeting is the outcome of conversations which resulted from the recent book of Dr. Henderson on "The Fitness of the Environment." Yet this company is not called for the sake of discussing, on the present occasion, that book, or any of the scientific problems which it more directly considers. The connection, then, between Dr. Henderson's book and this evening's undertaking needs...
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The present article must be limited to a discussion of the metaphysical theories of mind. Owing to the peculiar position which these problems occupy in philosophy, as well as in the study of ethical and religious problems, it is advisable, first of all, to make explicit some of the epistemological problems which especially confront the student of the nature of mind; and in order to do this...
25: [The Methodology of Science]
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Inductive scientific generalizations, in the logically simplest cases, depend upon what Mr. Charles Peirce has defined as the method of taking a "fair sample" of a chosen type of facts. Thus one who samples, to use Mr. Peirce's typical example, a cargo of wheat, by taking samples from various parts of the cargo, carefully selecting the samples so that they shall not tend to represent one part...
26: Introduction to Poincare's Science and Hypothesis
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The branches of inquiry collectively known as the Philosophy of Science have undergone great changes since the appearance of Herbert Spencer's First Principles, that volume which a large part of the general public in this country used to regard as the representative compend of all modern wisdom relating to the foundations of scientific knowledge. The summary which M. Poincare...
27: [Types of Order]
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15. When the methodical procedure of any more exact physical science has led to success, the result is one which the well known definition that Kirchhoff gave of the science of Mechanics exemplifies. The facts of such a science, namely, are "described" with a certain completeness, and in as "simple," that is, in as orderly a fashion as possible. The types of order used in such a description
Part VII: Moral and Religious Experience
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With regard to the problem of evil, Royce was assuredly no pollyanna. In his essay on "The Problem of Job."'" he separates himself from that brand of "false idealism," which regards evil as "merely an illusion." (SGE, p. 17; below, 2: 845.) Over against such an abstract and insensitive view, Royce makes his own position quite clear. "I regard evil as a distinctly real fact, a fact just as real as the most...
28: The Problem of Job
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In speaking of the problem of Job, the present writer comes to the subject as a layman in theology, and as one ignorant of Hebrew scholarship. In referring to the original core of the Book of Job he follows, in a general way, the advice of Professor C. H. Toy; and concerning the text of the poem he is guided by the translation of Dr. Gilbert. What this paper has to attempt is neither criticism of...
29: The Philosophy of Loyalty
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One of the most familiar traits of our time is the tendency to revise tradition, to reconsider the foundations of old beliefs, and sometimes mercilessly to destroy what once seemed indispensable. This disposition, as we all know, is especially prominent in the realms of social theory and of religious belief. But even the exact sciences do not escape from the influence of those who are fond of the...
30: Individual Experience and Social Experience as Sources of Religious Insight
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31: The Religious Mission of Sorrow
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It very often happens to us that to reach any notable result, either in life or in insight, is even thereby to introduce ourselves to a new problem. In the present state of the undertaking of these lectures such is our experience. The religious insight whose source is the loyal spirit was our topic in the foregoing lecture. If my own view is correct, this source is by far the most important that we have yet...
Part VIII: Community as Lived
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Royce was an idealist in the vernacular sense of that word as well as in its technical and philosophical reference. He was sensitive to the charge that philosophical idealism was essentially an unpractical doctrine. For Royce, such a criticism failed to comprehend that "loyalty is the practical aspect and expression of an idealistic philosophy...
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The word "provincialism," which I have used as my title, has been chosen because it is the best single word that I have been able to find to suggest the group of social tendencies to which I want to call your especial attention. I intend to use this word in a somewhat elastic sense, which I may at once indicate. When we employ the...
33: Race Questions and Prejudices
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The numerous questions and prejudices which are aroused by the contact of the various races of men have always been important factors in human history. They promise, however, to become, in the near future, still more important than they have ever been before. Such increased importance of race questions and prejudices, if it comes to pass, will be due not to any change in human nature, and...
34: On Certain Limitations of the Thoughtful Public in America
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No one who is engaged in any part of the work of the higher education in this country can doubt that, at the present time, our thoughtful public,-the great company of those who read, reflect, and aspire,-is a larger factor in our national life than ever before. When foreigners accuse us of extraordinary love for gain, and of practical materialism, they fail to see how largely we are a nation...
35: The Possibility of International Insurance
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Near the beginning of the present war I wrote a little book entitled "War and Insurance," in which I stated and defended the thesis that the cause of the world's peace would be aided if in future the principle of insurance were gradually and progressively introduced into international business...
36: The Hope of the Great Community
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These words are written at a moment when the issues of the great war are still undecided. They are founded upon no foresight of the course which the world's political and military fortunes are to follow. They therefore refer wholly to ideals, to duties, to hopes, and to the interests of humanity...
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The present bibliography is primarily a listing of what Royce himself published. Although I have tried to provide a complete list, it is probable that much has escaped unnoticed, particularly newspaper pieces, which could have been published with hardly a trace, and which would be recoverable only by a stroke of luck. Secondarily, the bibliography lists items, including letters, published...
Page Count: 612
Publication Year: 2005