The Holocaust in the East
Local Perpetrators and Soviet Responses
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: University of Pittsburgh Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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The study of the Holocaust in the English language was for a number of its formative decades only slightly connected to the field of Russian and Soviet history. During the lifetime of the Soviet Union, Soviet sources on the genocide of the Jews on Soviet territory—the “Holocaust in the East”—were almost...
1: Introduction: A Reconfigured Terrain
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This book opens with an analysis by Marci Shore—nuanced, poking at every tender spot—of Jan Gross’s Neighbors and the debates it unleashed.1 This is precisely where we need to begin, since it was this “one small book,” as Vladimir Solonari calls it later in the volume, that announced the arrival...
2: Conversing with Ghosts: Jedwabne, Żydokomuna, and Totalitarianism
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On 10 July 1941, just after the withdrawal of the Red Army and the arrival of the Wehrmacht, the Polish townspeople of Jedwabne murdered their Jewish neighbors. From the sidelines those Germans who were present looked on and took photographs. The final massacre was preceded by days...
3: The Soviet Union, the Holocaust, and Auschwitz
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Between 700,000 and 3,000,000 Jews were killed in the Nazi-occupied territories of the Soviet Union.1 Within the prewar Soviet borders, the Nazis saw a particular urgency in rapidly exterminating the Jews, whom they regarded as the mainstay of the Bolshevik regime. The Israeli scholar Mordecai...
4: Patterns of Violence: The Local Population and the Mass Murder of Jews in Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, July–August 1941
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Among historians there has been growing interest in the question of popular participation in the Holocaust of European Jews, particularly in the territories to the east of the Soviet Union’s 1941 western border.1 Many factors have contributed to this avalanche of high-quality scholarly texts—...
5: "Total Annihilation of the Jewish Population" The Holocaust in the Soviet Media, 1941–45
Karel C. Berkhoff
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When Nazi Germany invaded the expanded Soviet Union in June 1941, how likely was it that the Soviet media would report in a substantial way the mass murder of the Jews of Europe, known today as the Holocaust or Shoah? There was a precedent in a Soviet public record about Nazi antisemitism...
6: People and Procedures: Toward a History of the Investigation of Nazi Crimes in the USSR
Marina Sorokina, Translated by David Habecker
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Once I received a request for information from a well-known British historian of medicine about something virtually unknown in Western historiography—the Soviet academic commission for the investigation of Nazi crimes.1 This inquiry turned out to be the impetus for my investigation..
7: An Analysis of Soviet Postwar Investigation and Trial Documents and Their Relevance for Holocaust Studies
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When Soviet power returned to Bessarabia in the spring of 1944, Petru Lupan, like many other locals, was immediately drafted into the Soviet army. The 27-year-old Moldovan quickly deserted the military and went into hiding, perhaps not interested in fighting for his newly acquired fatherland...
8: A Disturbed Silence: Discourse on the Holocaust in the Soviet West as an Anti-Site of Memory
Tarik Cyril Amar
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Compared with the Soviet period, public memory of the Holocaust has been growing in importance in Eastern Europe since 1991.1 The implosion of Soviet hegemony has opened new spaces for research and debate.2 At the same time, new pressures have emerged to subordinate the Holocaust...
9: The Holocaust in the East: Participation and Presentation
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This book deals with two important issues: microhistories of violence against Jews during World War II perpetrated not by the Germans but by their neighbors (Dumitru, Shore, Solonari), and attempts to describe and analyze the inconsistent treatment of the Holocaust in Soviet media and internal...
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Page Count: 280
Publication Year: 2014