Joining Environmental History with Science and Technology Studies
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Pittsburgh Press
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In October 2008, Dolly JĂ¸rgensen and Finn Arne JĂ¸rgensen, then affili-ated with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, proposed the idea for a small conference on the contributions of science and technology studies (STS) to environmental history at the annual meeting of the Society for the History of Technology in Lisbon, Portugal. We submitted numerous ...
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This edited volume is the product of recent dialogue within and between the fields of environmental history and science and technology studies (STS). It is also the outcome of a workshop that examined one piece of this larger intellectual puzzle: how perspectives gleaned from STS might facilitate and ultimately extend the contributions of environmental history. Indeed, dis-...
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In 1795 Yale College president Timothy Dwight decided to write a book about New England and surrounding areas. It was a project motivated by two recuperative goals. The first was personal: his job was too sedentary, and he needed more exercise. To counteract these defects, he devoted vacations to exploring the region on horseback, and his health was â€śpreserved.â€ť The ...
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In the modern world, ignorance is first and foremost a bad thing. With the omnipresent buzz about â€śknowledge societies,â€ť there is a broad consensus that information is a key resource of modern societies, giving an inherently negative ring to the absence of knowledge. Historians of science have been particularly hesitant to challenge this rationale. Ever since Francis Bacon, ...
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The choice that someone would make about whether to go with complete removal or partial removal, itâ€™s just not clear. Itâ€™s obviously nice if you come up with something thatâ€™s obviously the optimum decision in all circum-stances, but in this case, the choice that someone would make or the prefer-ence that they would have depends on how they value the various kinds of ...
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The iconic face of Norwegian recycling is a small round hole in the wall. More than a billion beverage containers pass through this hole every year, bringing vast amounts of glass, aluminum, and plastic back into the recy-cling loop. Bottles and cans are made from raw material and are then soldâ€”or leasedâ€”to bottlers, who fill them with beverages and send them through ...
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The history of every Nation is eventually written in the way in which it cares â€”Franklin Delano Roosevelt, â€śA Presidential Statement on Signing the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act,â€ť March 1, 1936Addressing the 1941 meeting of the American Society of Agronomy, Hugh Hammond Bennett, chief of the Soil Conservation Service (SCS), pleaded for ...
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Canaries are sometimes used in mines to investigate the presence of meth-ane gas. Let us imagine that a mining accident does happen. The intention is to send rescue staff down into the mine, but there is suspicion that the staff would run a serious risk of gas poisoning or suffocation. A great number of birds are sent down into the mine, and people wait in vain for ...
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There are multiple ways to know nature, particularly nature that is forested and â€świld.â€ť But which experts do people trust when those experts speak about nature, about the ontology of the forest? Which compositions of plants and animals belong there? And why might it matter to scholars of science technology studies and environmental history if those experts produce facts ...
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In May 1944 Heinrich Himmler wrote to the SS BrigadenfĂĽhrer KĂ¶rner urging him to take charge of a karakul sheep flock recently arrived at the SS-TruppenĂĽbungsplatz BĂ¶hmen, a vast Waffen-SS training area located in the territory of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.1 The flock had been brought in by agriculture officers of the Military Administration of ...
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A shared commitment to uncovering the complicated process of recursive feedback is the best place to look for overlap between science and technology studies (STS) and environmental history.1 This chapter centers the process of nature-human feedback on the concepts of energy and power. As certain individuals harness and organize energy from nature, their ability to apply ...
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For centuries the Arctic has captured scientistsâ€™ attention. Features found nowhere elseâ€”polar bears, tundra, permafrost, months-long days and nightsâ€”underscore its distinctive nature. These phenomena have long at-tracted and challenged scientists, as have the regionâ€™s extreme conditions, re-moteness, and reputation as pristine wilderness.1 There is also a rich history ...
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In 1960 Dâ€™Arcy McNickleâ€”the famous Salish scholar, activist, and writerâ€”predicted that American Indians will â€śprobably use the white manâ€™s technical skills for Indian purposesâ€ť and that â€śIndians are going to remain Indian . . . a way of looking at things and a way of acting which will be orig-inal, which will be a compound of these different influences.â€ť1 This predic-...
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For two decades, scholars concerned with perceptions of the global envi-ronment have examined how remote sensing technologies serve as social tools. They call attention to the scientific and political uses of satellite and astronautical views of Earth from orbit, asking how these downward views open up new ways to spatialize forms of governance,1 legitimize forms of ...
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Preservation and conservation are standard tropes of environmental his-tory, nowadays often cited as icons of the fieldâ€™s backward past rather than its bright future. In this chapter I argue that, on the contrary, there is currently a major transformation regarding how we understand the social-ecological processes of protecting nature and how previous dichotomies between na-...
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Kevin C. Armitage is associate professor at Miami University of Ohio, where he teaches interdisciplinary studies and environmental history. He is the author of The Nature Study Movement: The Forgotten Popularizer of Americaâ€™s Conservation Ethic (University Press of Kansas, 2009). When not teaching or writing, he can often be found exploring the wild lands of Colorado or Kentucky with his wife and daughter. ...
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Page Count: 272
Illustrations: 6 b&w photos
Publication Year: 2013