National Belonging in Early Twentieth-Century Bolivia
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Pittsburgh Press
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The resources, friendships, advice, and training of colleagues, friends, fam-ily, and institutions on two continents contributed to the formation of this book. With respect to those in the United States, I thank my advisors at the University of WisconsinâMadison, Florencia Mallon, Steve Stern, and Fran-cisco Scarano. I also wish to thank Frank Salomon and commemorate the ...
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On March 29, 1899, in the midst of a civil war pitting the Liberals against the Conservatives, the Liberal Party supporter and Aymara in-digenous community leader of PeÃ±as, Juan Lero, received a letter from a neighboring Indian community leader. Its author confirmed support for the Liberal Party and a willingness to coordinate military efforts ...
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From December 1898 through April 1899, Creole and Aymara indigenous forces allied themselves with the Liberal Party in an effort to seize leadership of the country from President Severo Alonso and the ruling Conservatives. On April 10, 1899, the Liberal Party defeated the army and took control of the nation. This Creole-Aymara alliance, then, helped transfer power ...
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...âWould you like to know what this country is like?â The Chilean author and diplomat Abraham Konig asked his wife this rhetorical question in a letter he Here, there is no wood or coal. You have to cook your food over llama droppings. . . . As one Frenchman wrote in a very bad book about Bolivia, âdamned is this country where you have to wait for animals to shit so ...
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La Paz intellectuals were not the only group needing to redefine Aymara identity following the civil war. In the post-1899 context, Aymara commu-nities increasingly attempted to distinguish and disassociate themselves from the infamous and stereotypical image of their people as savage. In addition, local representatives sought to differentiate segments within the Aymara ...
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Elite residents of Caracollo acted Inca in the early twentieth century to seek resonance within the liberal nation-building project and to avoid the stigma of being Aymara; in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, however, folkloric performers have created new images of highland Indian identity. The Inca theater group still performs in the Fiesta del Rosario in ...
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In Bolivia, the Civil War of 1899 still stands at the crossroads of fierce con-temporary political and regional conflicts. The war has occupied a central space in Sucreâs historical narrative for over a century; that cityâs historical claim as the first, and previously only, capital of Bolivia has been rekindled in the light of Evo Moralesâs presidency and the rewriting of the Bolivian consti-...
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Page Count: 240
Illustrations: 16 b&w photos
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Pitt Latin American Studies
Series Editor Byline: John Charles Chasteen and Catherine M. Conaghan, Editors