The Women's Land Army and the Victory Garden Movement
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Pittsburgh Press
Title Page, Copyright
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The cultivation of this book has been a long and at times arduous process. In recognition of the process, there are many individuals who helped in the planting of ideas, the sowing of the research and writing, and the harvesting of the ...
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Throughout the twentieth century, the seeds of victory were sown on farms, vacant lots, in backyards, rooftops, and window boxes. Intentionally selected, meticulously planted, and carefully harvested, these seeds provided food in times of scarcity and a political ideological focus for ...
Part I. The First World War
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...much. . . . They go to work on land to counteract the U-boatsâ ...
1. Ladies of Leisure and Women of Action
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Across two continents amid the dawn of a new age of social change, the First World War called women over the top. The war called women to climb out of the parapet of the protective trenches of leisure and over the top into a world of political and social service. Like men on a battlefield, ...
2. The Land Girls
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Mary Lees needed to get out of the house. Just shy of her eighteenth birthday, she was one of 23,000 English land girls and the 15,000 American farmerettes who left the familiarity of their homes to aid their countries and seek adventure. For many urban women, getting out of the ...
3. Sowing the Seeds of Victory
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Though women for centuries cultivated gardens for both pleasure and subsistence, during the First World War cultivation took on a patriotic meaning for the women of England and the United States. Gardening in wartime transformed cultivation from an aesthetic or culinary practice to a practice symbolic of the gardenerâs level of patriotism and support ...
Part II. The Second World War
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Motherhood has not yet been classed as a nonessential industry! There is small chance that it will ever be. The mother of small children does not need to put on overalls to prove her patriotism. She already has her war job. Her patriotism consists in not letting household routine or to let a little money of her own tempt her to ...
4. The Aftermath of War: Gender and Agriculture in the Interwar Years
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The âseeds of reformâ planted by international womenâs leaders sprouted in the years after the First World War. Though the outcomes varied from the expectations of the reformers, a harvest of new perspectives on womenâs roles proceeded in the years following the Treaty of Versailles. In the initial years following the war, women in Great Britain and the United States ...
5. âA Call to Farmsâ
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For Joan Snell ing, life as a British âland girlâ during the Second World War brought adventure, romance, and farming experiences she never forgot. Born in London in 1922, Joan learned of the outbreak of war while on holiday with her family in Norfolk. Fearing the air raids expected upon the urban areas of the country, her family ...
6. Freedom from Want: The Role of the Victory Garden in the Second World War
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Freedom from wantâ was not only a powerful political message by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, it was also an ideology that the people of both England and the United States strove to adopt during the Second World War. After decades of hunger and economic depression, the nations looked to increased and improved food production as an answer to strife and ...
Part III. Cultivation and Cultural Transcendence
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...food is a helping hand to people around the world whose good will ...
7. The Womenâs Land Army, Victory Gardens, and Cultural Transcendence
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When the British and American people who served in the Womenâs Land Armies (WLAs) or who cultivated victory gardens during the world wars recalled their experiences, they often used words like âchange,â âgrowth,â and âremembrance.â1 What these words meant ...
Epilogue: Garden as Metaphor
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Never is the phrase âactions speak louder than wordsâ more appropriate than when words go unrecognized. From the lens of governmental wartime agencies across the globe during the first half of the twentieth century, women had an image, but no voice. Nations not only used the image ...
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Page Count: 240
Illustrations: 44 b&w photos
Publication Year: 2013