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Speculative Fictions

Chilean Culture, Economics, and the Neoliberal Transition

Alessandro Fornazzari,

Publication Year: 2013

Fornazzari analyzes the reconfiguration of the aesthetic and the economic spheres in the context of the Chilean neoliberal transition (1973 to the present) and argues that one of the dominant legacies of that transition is the economization of all spheres of life. This logic is explored through a series of emergent figures in contemporary Chilean cultural and economic production. Fornazzari examines the relation between the aesthetic and the economic in the context of the Chilean transition, and the texts under analysis comprise a varied selection from different fields including literature, film, economic texts, the visual arts, cultural critique, and political theory. One of the author’s ambitions is to move beyond a culturalistic approach, so he explores the logic of neoliberalism proper by engaging with the economic theory produced by some of the major Chicago School thinkers and their reception by the Chilean economic discourse. Through an analysis of these figures Fornazzari develops a critical materialist approach to culture and the economy in a neoliberal context.

Published by: University of Pittsburgh Press

Front Cover

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pp. 1-4

Copyright

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p. 5-5

Contents

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p. vii-vii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

The ground for this project was prepared at least as far back as 1995 at a conference in Santiago that Alberto Moreiras participated in while I was a student at the Universidad de Chile. The talk Alberto gave is now a widely ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-12

When the Chilean philosopher Patricio Marchant reflects on why after fifteen years of university life dedicated to studying philosophy and psychoanalysis, he decided to devote himself to Gabriela Mistral’s poetry (producing the singular encounter between theoretical ...

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1. The Brooder’s Startled Gaze: José Donoso, Broken Allegories, and the Commodity Form

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pp. 13-38

According to the poet Pablo Neruda, José Donoso was destined to write “the great Chilean social novel.”1 Yet instead of being recognized as the Chilean Balzac, Donoso has perhaps become best known for his literary project’s modernist disarticulation of the very possibility of a realist novel capable of accessing a vision of totality. This focus ...

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2. Literature and Labor: Post-Fordism and Human Capital in Diamela Eltit and Arturo Fontaine

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pp. 39-62

Andrés Wood’s celebrated 2004 film Machuca presents a revisionist reading of the history of Chile’s Popular Unity period. It is a reading of history that suggests that the social transformations advanced by the Chilean socialist revolution were annulled in a single instance of violence. In the film’s penultimate scene, Gonzalo Infante—the young ...

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3. Restitution, Memory, and the Market: The Chilean Documentary

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pp. 63-86

Restitution, as a restoration to a previous state or as a giving of an equivalent for a past crime, is a politics marked by its own impossibility. This impossibility, which is firmly lodged in the very heart of the restitutional project, betrays its reparational efforts at every turn, constantly conjuring up the specter of the irreparable and ...

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4. Critical Visuality or Global Subsumption?: Neoliberal Biopolitics, Chilean Visual Arts, and the Economic Text

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pp. 87-105

Neoliberalism is too often invoked as either the explanation or the problem, as something that has exhausted itself or that has been all too triumphant. It is for this project precisely what remains to be explained. Taking a cue from the work that Michel Foucault began to explore in his 1978 seminar on neoliberal governmentality, where he ...

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5. Reflections on a Residual Formation: Intellectual Work, Real Subsumption,and Socialized Labor

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pp. 106-117

I begin with what may appear to be an unlikely starting point for a discussion of the relation between neoliberalism and the military coup: a debate over conflicting interpretations of Gabriela Mistral’s poetry. The debate is one that transpired within the pages of the journal Estudios Públicos in 1985–86 and was ignited by a review that ...

Notes

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pp. 119-138

Bibliography

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pp. 139-149

Index

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pp. 151-158

Back Cover

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p. 170-170


E-ISBN-13: 9780822978541
E-ISBN-10: 0822978547
Print-ISBN-13: 9780822962335
Print-ISBN-10: 0822962330

Page Count: 144
Publication Year: 2013

Series Title: Illuminations: Cultural Formations of the Americas
Series Editor Byline: John Beverley and Sarah Castro-Klaren, Editors

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Subject Headings

  • Neoliberalism -- Chile.
  • National characteristics, Chilean.
  • Chilean literature -- 20th century -- History and criticism.
  • Chile -- Intellectual life -- 20th century.
  • Chile -- Civilization -- 20th century.
  • Culture -- Economic aspects -- Chile.
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