Ways of Thinking about the Sciences and the Arts
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: University of Pittsburgh Press
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Interpretation is an activity that cuts across the arts and sciences. Its ubiquity served as the motivation for making this colloquium all about interpretation. We sought to cover many aspects and domains in which interpretive practices were found. So the essays collected here deal with the general nature of interpretation...
1. Some Cogitations on Interpretations
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Interpreting "things" is an activity that people (and maybe some animals) engage in. Sometimes we call this activity of interpreting trying to understand or trying to make sense of something. In some sophisticated circles, interpretation is called the search for meaning. What results from interpreting is an interpretation...
2. The Logic of Interpretation
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It is traditionally held that interpretation is the method of the humanities, while explanation is the method of the sciences. At the same time, it is widely accepted that interpretation is an all-embracing activity and thus all cognitions are modes of interpretation...
3. Interpretation as Cultural Orientation: Remarks on Hegel's Aesthetic
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If we treat the question of to what extent art can be an interpretation of our world, self-concept, and historical forms of life by referring to Hegel, it seems that we come to a dead end. The authoritative and original place for a connection between art and interpretation...
4. Hermeneutics and Epistemology: A Second Appraisalââ¬âHeidegger, Kant, and Truth
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Generally, we use the term hermeneutics to refer to both the art of interpretation and the general theory of understanding and interpretation. In this second meaning...
5. Davidson and Gadamer on Plato's Dialectical Ethics
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Over the past twenty years, there has been an increasing interest in the relation between Donald Davidson's theory of radical interpretation and Hans-Georg Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics. Whereas some of this interest has been geared toward the intellectual horizon and heritage...
6. The Interpretation of Philosophical Texts
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It should be made clear from the outset that when one speaks of interpreting a philosophical text in the setting of the present discussion it is specifically an exegetical interpretation that is at issue-an elucidation of what it maintains, a clarification of its claims and contentions...
7. The Explanation of Consciousness and the Interpretation of Philosophical Texts
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Let me begin by recapitulating Nicholas Rescher's theory of historical interpretation as he presents it in his valuable and thought-provoking summary, "The Interpretation of Philosophical Texts...
8. On Interpreting Leibniz's Mill
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In "The Interpretation of Philosophical Texts," Nicholas Rescher outlines a coherentist theory of textual interpretation. At the heart of his theory lies an idea that he calls the "Principle of Normativity," according to which "the better (the more smoothly and coherently) an interpretation fits a text into its wider context...
9. How to Interpret Human Actions (Including Moral Actions)
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In this article an instrumentalist conception of action interpretation will be developed. This conception shall be suitable for interpreting moral actions as well as other actions. The approach's instrumentalism consists in the fact that interpretations here are conceived...
10. Interpretive Practices in Medicine
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This article develops some examples of interpretation in medical practice. I begin with medical data, but need to first provide some definitions to pave the way for more explicit development. Some of these defined terms have nontechnical meanings...
11. Interpreting Medicine: Forms of Knowledge and Ways of Doing in Clinical Practice
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Ars longa vita brevis-Hippocrates' famous aphorism once acquired a surprising new meaning in the hands of a freshman at the University of Heidelberg's Medical School...
12. Concept Formation via Hebbian Learning: The Special Case of Prototypical Causal Sequences
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How does the brain manage to generate roughly accurate maps of the universe's four-dimensional background structure? What is the process by which such abstract maps of possible-causal-processes are actually constructed...
13. Interpreting Novel Objects: The Difficult Case of Hybrid Wines
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Russ Hanson famously said, "All seeing is seeing as." While Hanson's focus was upon the interaction between scientific theories and their corresponding observations...
14. Classifying Dry German Riesling Wines: An Experiment toward Statistical Wine Interpretation
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Reflection on olfactory and gustatory perceptions and their epistemological status has not been playing a major role in the philosophical tradition. Most classical philosophers deal with the senses of smell and taste rather parenthetically and with a sense of flippancy...
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Page Count: 280
Publication Year: 2010
Series Title: Pittsburgh-Konstanz Series in the Philosophy and History of Science