Rational Deliberation in the Face of Inconsistency
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: University of Pittsburgh Press
Download PDF (89.5 KB)
1. The Nature of Apories
Download PDF (130.3 KB)
In Greek, aporía literally means an impasse, a blockage where there is no practicable way to go forward. The word eventually came to characterize any thing, situation—and even person!—who is difficult to deal with. In philosophy...
2. Coherentism: An Aporetic Approach to Empirical Inquiry
Download PDF (291.2 KB)
An acknowledgment of contradictions in nature goes back to the pre-Socratics.1 And if not Hegel himself, then at any rate many of his followers maintained the realization of contradictions in the world.2 Marxists of various sorts have more recently been strident supporters...
3. Counterfactual Conditionals
Download PDF (257.9 KB)
Imaginative impossibilities do not figure only in discourse but have even come to play an increasingly prominent part in modern art. But of course they are most prominent in discursive speculation and especially in the context of speculative suppositions where they have...
4. Variant Analyses of Counterfactuals and Problems of Probability
Download PDF (312.6 KB)
There exist several influential approaches to the analysis of counterfactuals that are very different from the aporetic strategy of the preceding chapters. The earliest of these was first proposed in the 1920s by the English philosopher-logician...
5. The Aporetics of Counterfactual History
Download PDF (185.3 KB)
The primary aim of historical inquiry is to elucidate the past—to describe and to explain the course of past events. Now in describing we are, of course, engaged in a strictly factual discussion. Here there is—or should be—little room for fanciful speculation: Leopold von...
Download PDF (252.1 KB)
Paradoxes are the very model of apories arising when we have a plurality of theses, each individually plausible in the circumstances but nevertheless in the aggregate constituting an inconsistent group. In this way, logical paradoxes always constituted aporetic situations...
7. Philosophical Aporetics
Download PDF (233.2 KB)
The big issues of philosophy regarding truth, justice, meaning, beauty, and the like were encapsulated in Immanuel Kant’s summary of the key questions regarding one’s place in the scheme of things as a rational free agent...
8. The Dialectics of Philosophical Development
Download PDF (197.4 KB)
Plausibility aporetics affords some useful insight into the developmental dialectics of philosophy. Aporetics affords a means for not only mapping the cartography of the battlefield of philosophical disputation, but also understanding and explaining...
9. The Rationale of Aporetic Variation
Download PDF (154.0 KB)
The definitive task of aporetics is consistency restoration. Confronted with an inconsistent set of otherwise plausible propositions in any context of deliberation, it is only sensible to seek to maintain rational consistency. Something has to give way in the interests...
Download PDF (170.0 KB)
Download PDF (102.8 KB)
Index of Names
Download PDF (88.7 KB)
Page Count: 176
Publication Year: 2009