Centering Animals in Latin American History
Writing Animals into Latin American History
Publication Year: 2013
Contributors. Neel Ahuja, Lauren Derby, Regina Horta Duarte, Martha Few, Erica Fudge, León García Garagarza, Reinaldo Funes Monzote, Heather L. McCrea, John Soluri, Zeb Tortorici, Adam Warren, Neil L. Whitehead
Published by: Duke University Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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Foreword by Erica Fudge
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A number of years ago I wrote about the need for a history of animals thatwould allow us to comprehend more fully how far we humans were ‘‘embed-ded within and reliant upon the natural order.’’∞ Since that essay was pub-lished, the field of the history of animals has grown exponentially. No longerregarded as marginal or perceived as eccentric or even semiserious, the his-...
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The individuals who have contributed to this project in its various states arenumerous. Centering Animals in Latin American History began as a confer-ence panel titled ‘‘Animals, Colonialism, and the Atlantic World’’ for the2006 annual meeting of the American Society for Ethnohistory, which tookplace in Williamsburg, Virginia. We are grateful to the participants and au-...
Introduction: Writing Animal Histories, Zeb Tortorica and Martha Few
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On 12 January 1563, Juan Canuc was walking with his wife to a nearby ranchfor livestock grazing when they heard a number of chickens clucking on thehillside near a large cross. According to Canuc’s testimony, which was trans-lated from Yucatecan Maya to Spanish by a court-appointed interpreter, thecouple found a young boy who ‘‘had his underwear loose and was sitting on...
Part I. Animals, Culture, and Colonialism
1. The Year the People Turned into Cattle: The End of the World in New Spain, 1558, Leon Garcia Garagarza
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In 1558—the year 1-Rabbit according to the traditional Mexican calendar—the Franciscan friar Pedro Hernández apprehended a native religious leadernamed Juan Teton in Xalatlauhco, a town located between Toluca and thecapital of New Spain, along with the native lords of the towns of Cohuaté-pec and Atlapolco.∞ The prisoners were brought before the archbishop of...
2. Killing Locusts in Colonial Guatemala, Martha Few
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Aside from a few insects that we see as beneficial to humans—such as lady-bugs who kill other insects destructive to flowers and crops, or bees that pro-duce honey—when we think of insects, we often want to kill them. We killlice that infest our children’s hair, exterminate bedbugs that colonize themattresses we sleep on, and ‘‘dip’’ our pets to eradicate fleas and ticks that...
3. ‘‘In the Name of the Father and the Mother of All Dogs’’: Canine Baptisms, Weddings, and Funerals in Bourbon Mexico, Zeb Tortorici
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...‘‘In the Name of the Father and the Mother of All Dogs’’In 1770 an odd festive occurrence involving two dogs caught the attentionof the Mexican Inquisition due to its heretical nature and accompanyingsacramental desecration.∞ According to the voluntary denunciation oftwenty-eight-year-old don Juan Antonio López de la Paliza, and those of...
Part II. Animals and Medicine, Science and Public Health
4. From Natural History to Popular Remedy: Animals and Their Medicinal Applications among the Kallawaya in Colonial Peru, Adam Warren
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...‘‘Chinchillas’’: This is the name the Naturals [Amerindians] use for alittle animal like the rabbits of Castille. The wool of this animal, whencut and mixed with ‘‘restrictive powders’’ and egg whites, is good forstopping the flow of blood from wounds. The meat of this animal isindigestible and heavy, which is why I have seen those who eat it suffer...
5. Pest to Vector: Disease, Public Health, and the Challenges of State-Building in Yucatán, Mexico, 1833–1922, Heather McCrea
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In 1889 two young boys, Frank and Fred, otherwise known as ‘‘The BoyTravellers,’’ headed for Mexico with their guide and mentor, Doctor Bron-son, to chronicle ‘‘the land of the Aztecs, its history and resources, themanners and customs of its people, and the many curious things to beseen.’’∞ Such was the premise of Thomas W. Knox’s novel, The Boy Travellers...
6. Notes on Medicine, Culture, and the History of Imported Monkeys in Puerto Rico, Neel Ahuja
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In 2007, nearly seventy years after the first large-scale importations of ‘‘old world’’ monkeys to Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth’s Department of Agriculture proposed a regulation prohibiting the importation, trade, and possession of rhesus, patas, and squirrel monkeys—three species designated as ‘‘detrimental to agricultural interests and a threat or risk to the life and...
Part III. The Meanings and Politics of Postcolonial Animals
7. Animal Labor and Protection in Cuba: Changes in Relationships with Animals in the Nineteenth Century, Reinaldo Funes Monzote
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During the 1990s, Cuba faced an acute economic crisis as a result of thecollapse of the Eastern European socialist bloc and the disintegration of theSoviet Union, the nation’s principal trade and political partners, whichabsorbed over 80 percent of the commercial relations of the only socialistcountry in the Americas. Among the most visible changes was significant...
8. On Edge: Fur Seals and Hunters along the Patagonian Littoral, 1860–1930, John Soluri
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Fur Seals and Hunters along the Patagonian Littoral, 1860–1930Employing the club and rifle, this ‘‘civilized’’ cruelty kills not onlymale seals but also females and pups, the latter being left by the way-side because they lack the fine furs that are most valued. . . . Such asystem of killing, one can easily comprehend, tends to destroy the...
9. Birds and Scientists in Brazil: In Search of Protection, 1894–1938, Regina Horta Duarte
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During the first decades of the twentieth century, the processes of con-structing national identities in various Latin American countries were de-cisively linked to the sciences of the natural world. Brazil’s renewed contactwith international markets through the export of coffee, bananas, cocoa,sugar, and tobacco meant that natural history and biology stood out as the...
10. Trujillo, the Goat: Of Beasts, Men, and Politics in the Dominican Republic, Lauren Derby
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On the first anniversary of the death of Rafael Trujillo, the dictator whoruled the Dominican Republic with an iron fist for three decades (1930–61),celebratory antitrujillistas formed a new popular fête in his honor. Called lafiesta del chivo, the feast of the goat, these rites invoked the custom of rezosor prayers on the anniversary of a loved-one’s death, while inverting them...
Conclusion: Loving, Being, Killing Animals, Neil L. Whitehead
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Since the appearance of Peter Singer’s Animal Liberation (1975), followed byTom Regan and Singer’s Animal Rights and Human Obligations (1976), anincremental but clearly visible shift in the public view of human-animalrelations has occurred, inspired by a growing output of books, articles, andfilms, the appearance of organizations and grassroots movements, and life-...
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Page Count: 405
Illustrations: 20 photographs, 1 table
Publication Year: 2013