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Making a New World

Founding Capitalism in the Bajío and Spanish North America

John Tutino

Publication Year: 2011

Published by: Duke University Press

Contents

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pp. vi-viii

Maps and Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

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Prologue: Making Global History in the Spanish Empire

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pp. 1-25

The world became whole in the sixteenth century. Population growth, rising trade, and tax collections mandated in silver set off a burgeoning demand for the metal in Ming China just as Spaniards conquered American dominions and found mountains of silver. From the 1550s rising streams of silver from Potos

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A Note on Terminology

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pp. 27-28

Some of the language used in this history will surprise even seasoned historians of New Spain. First, I use Mexico only to refer to the capital city and mexicano as an ethnic term for the Nahuatl speakers who lived in the basins around the capital. Mexico did not exist as a nation before 1821; Mexican did not serve as a national identity until after independence, for many not until long after. ...

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Introduction: A New World: The Baj

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pp. 29-62

A new world began in the sixteenth century. For three centuries no region was more important to the creation of that world than the Baj

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Part I: Making a New World: The Bajío and Spanish North America, 1500–1770

Before 1500 the Baj

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Chapter 1: Founding the Bajío: Otomí Expansion, Chichimeca War, and Commercial Querétaro, 1500–1660

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pp. 65-120

The Bajío witnessed unprecedented encounters, enduring conflicts, and transforming changes in the sixteenth century. Once a place of towns and cultivators in Mesoamerica’s classic past, it was little inhabited and minimally cultivated around 1500. Mesoamerican states fought each other and mobile Chichimecas in a prolonged ...

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Chapter 2: Forging Spanish North America: Northward Expansions, Mining Amalgamations, and Patriarchal Communities, 1590–1700

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pp. 121-158

The seventeenth century brought a second wave of northward expansion, driving the conflicts and opportunities that shaped Spanish North America far beyond the Baj

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Chapter 3: New World Revivals: Silver Boom, City Lives, Awakenings, and Northward Drives, 1680–1760

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pp. 159-227

After two centuries of commercial formation, social construction, ethnic adaptations, and religious innovations the Baj

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Chapter 4: Reforms, Riots, and Repressions: The Baj

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pp. 228-260

The 1760s saw unprecedented conflicts in the Baj

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Part II: Forging Atlantic Capitalism: The Bajío, 1770–1810

After 1770 silver mining soared to new heights and held them past 1800. An accelerating European economy, just beginning to industrialize, drew silver across the Atlantic; so did Spanish trade and revenue policies. Textile production also rose in the Baj

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Chapter 5: Capitalist, Priest, and Patriarch: Don José Sánchez Espinosa and the Great Family Enterprises of Mexico City, 1780–1810

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pp. 263-299

After 1770 the Baj

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Chapter 6: Production, Patriarchy, and Polarization in the Cities: Guanajuato, San Miguel, and Querétaro, 1770–1810

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pp. 300-351

Most of the silver that drove the economy of New Spain came from Guanajuato, Zacatecas, San Luis Potos

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Chapter 7: The Challenge of Capitalism in Rural Communities: Production, Ethnicity, and Patriarchy from La Griega to Puerto de Nieto, 1780–1810

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pp. 352-402

In the Baj

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Chapter 8: Enlightened Reformers and Popular Religion: Polarizations and Mediations, 1770–1810

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pp. 403-450

After 1770 people across the Baj

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Conclusion: The Baj

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pp. 451-486

Beginning in the sixteenth century the peoples of the Baj

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Epilogue: Toward Unimagined Revolution

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pp. 487-492

Before 1808 no one in the Baj

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 493-498

I never planned to write this Book. When I began I thought I had an opportunity to offer a new analysis of popular participation in the decade of insurgency that reshaped life in the Baj

Appendix A: Employers and Workers at Querétaro, 1588–1609

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pp. 499-508

Appendix B: Production, Patriarchy, and Ethnicity in the Bajío Bottomlands, 1670–1685

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pp. 509-527

Appendix C: Bajío Population, 1600–1800

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pp. 529-548

Appendix D: Eighteenth-Century Economic Indicators: Mining and Taxed Commerce

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pp. 549-557

Appendix E: The Sierra Gorda and New Santander, 1740–1760

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pp. 559-571

Appendix F: Population, Ethnicity, Family, and Work in Rural Communities, 1791–1792

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pp. 573-607

Appendix G: Tributes and Tributaries in the Quer

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pp. 609-615

Notes

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pp. 617-664

Bibliography

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pp. 665-683

Index

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pp. 685-698


E-ISBN-13: 9780822394013
E-ISBN-10: 0822394014
Print-ISBN-13: 9780822349747
Print-ISBN-10: 0822349744

Page Count: 696
Illustrations: 28 illustrations, 164 tables
Publication Year: 2011

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • New Spain -- Economic conditions.
  • Capitalism -- Mexico -- Bajío Region -- History.
  • Bajío Region (Mexico) -- Economic conditions.
  • Bajío Region (Mexico) -- History.
  • Capitalism -- New Spain -- History.
  • New Spain -- History.
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