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Peacebuilding, Power, and Politics in Africa

Devon Curtis and Gwinyayi A. Dzinesa

Publication Year: 2012

Peacebuilding, Power, and Politics in Africa is a critical reflection on peacebuilding efforts in Africa. The authors expose the tensions and contradictions in different clusters of peacebuilding activities, including peace negotiations; statebuilding; security sector governance; and disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration. Essays also address the institutional framework for peacebuilding in Africa and the ideological underpinnings of key institutions, including the African Union, NEPAD, the African Development Bank, the Pan-African Ministers Conference for Public and Civil Service, the UN Peacebuilding Commission, the World Bank, and the International Criminal Court. The volume includes
on-the-ground case study chapters on Sudan, the Great Lakes Region of Africa, Sierra Leone and Liberia, the Niger Delta, Southern Africa, and Somalia, analyzing how peacebuilding operates in particular African contexts.

The authors adopt a variety of approaches, but they share a conviction that peacebuilding in Africa is not a script that is authored solely in Western capitals and in the corridors of the United Nations. Rather, the writers in this volume focus on the interaction between local and global ideas and practices in the reconstitution of authority and livelihoods after conflict. The book systematically showcases the tensions that occur within and between the many actors involved in the peacebuilding industry, as well as their intended beneficiaries. It looks at the multiple ways in which peacebuilding ideas and initiatives are reinforced, questioned, reappropriated, and redesigned by different African actors.

This book is a joint project between the Centre for Conflict Resolution in Cape Town, South Africa, and the Centre of African Studies at the University of Cambridge. 

Contributors:
Christopher Clapham,
Devon Curtis,
Gwinyayi a. Dzinesa,
Comfort Ero,
Graham Harrison,
Eboe Hutchful,
Gilbert M. Khadiagala,
David Keen,
Chris Landsberg,
René Lemarchand,
Sarah Nouwen,
’Funmi Olonisakin and Eka Ikpe,
Paul Omach,
Aderoju Oyefusi,
Sharath Srinivasan,
Dominik Zaum

Published by: Ohio University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-viii

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Foreword

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pp. ix-xii

It was fortuitous that, after five years, I was able to take time out from my position as the executive director of the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), in Cape Town, South Africa, in 2008/9 to spend a five-month sabbatical in the wonderful surroundings of the Centre of African Studies (CAS) at Cambridge University in England. ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xiv

The book arises out of a partnership between the Centre of African Studies (CAS) at the University of Cambridge, and the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR) in Cape Town. It reflects a truly collaborative effort, cutting across disciplines, perspectives, and experiences to analyze the local and global dimensions ...

Abbreviations

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pp. xv-xviii

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Introduction: The Contested Politics of Peacebuilding in Africa

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pp. 1-28

The African Union (AU) declared 2010 to be the “African Year of Peace and Security,” with the campaign slogan urging people to “Make Peace Happen.” At a meeting in Tripoli in August 2009, African leaders committed themselves to dealing with conflict and violence, saying: ...

Part I. Peacebuilding: Themes and Debates

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pp. 29-30

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1. Peace as an Incentive for War

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pp. 31-46

This chapter looks at the incentives for further violence that may be established by peace agreements. It does not aim for a comprehensive discussion but rather seeks to highlight a key element of building peace that has been somewhat neglected both at the policy level and in academic discussions. ...

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2. Statebuilding and Governance: The Conundrums of Legitimacy and Local Ownership

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pp. 47-62

Since the end of the Cold War, state building has increasingly come to be seen as a central strategy for establishing sustainable peace after civil conflicts.1 Following the eruption of conflicts in many developing countries, where already weak state structures often crumbled under the double blow ...

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3. Security Sector Governance and Peacebuilding

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pp. 63-86

Security sector governance (SSG) is accepted as a critical element in state- and peacebuilding.1 This focus is justified, not least, by the intimate link between breakdowns of SSG and the genesis of conflict. Repression and abuses by security institutions have often laid the foundation or provided the trigger for broad-based, ...

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4. The Limits of Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration

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pp. 87-104

The disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) of ex-combatants and others associated with armed groups is widely accepted as an integral part of peacebuilding. International policy on DDR is influenced by the neoliberal discourse on the nexus of security and development. ...

Part II. Institutions and Ideologies

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pp. 105-106

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5. The Role of the African Union, New Partnership for Africa’s Development, and African Development Bank in Postconflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding

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pp. 107-120

The search for effective peacebuilding strategies in Africa since the 1990s is animated by the need to find durable mechanisms that contribute to sustainable peace and development.1 Despite these efforts, debates abound about how to rebuild states, the operational limitations of peacebuilding, ...

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6. Peacebuilding as Governance: The Case of the Pan-African Ministers Conference for Public and Civil Service

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pp. 121-139

The African challenge is essentially a challenge of development, and the African crisis is primarily a crisis of the state. Africans therefore have to respond simultaneously to a two-pronged problematic, brought about by decades of internal misrule and externally driven wars and exploitation: ...

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7. The United Nations Peacebuilding Commission: Problems and Prospects

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pp. 140-157

This chapter examines the creation and operationalization of the United Nations (UN) Peacebuilding Commission (PBC). We argue that while this institutional mechanism offers an improvement to the global approach to peacebuilding, its impact on and relevance to African security realities are marginal. ...

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8. Financing Peace? The World Bank, Reconstruction, and Liberal Peacebuilding

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pp. 158-170

The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have not been key players in peacebuilding. Quite explicitly, the Bank has defined peacebuilding and emergency relief as outside of its remit.1 Rather, it has remained dedicated to its core function—larger-scale social and physical infrastructure lending and policy-based lending. ...

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9. The International Criminal Court: A Peacebuilder in Africa?

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pp. 171-192

Does a chapter on the International Criminal Court (ICC) belong in a book on peacebuilding in Africa? The ICC is definitely relevant to Africa. Since the beginning of its operations in 2003, the world’s first permanent international criminal court has opened seven investigations, each of them on the African continent. ...

Part III. Case Studies

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pp. 193-194

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10. The Politics of Negotiating Peace in Sudan

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pp. 195-211

Most contemporary armed conflicts in Africa end with negotiated settlements, and peace negotiations lay important foundations for peacebuilding. Yet peace negotiations straddle awkwardly the immediate desire to end violence and aspirations for forging a more lasting yet underdetermined “peace.” ...

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11. Peacebuilding in the Great Lakes Region of Africa

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pp. 212-231

In no other part of the continent is the multifaceted task of peacebuilding facing more daunting challenges than in the Great Lakes region of Central Africa, an area comprising the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Burundi, and Uganda. ...

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12. Peacebuilding through Statebuilding in West Africa? The Cases of Sierra Leone and Liberia

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pp. 232-252

When conflict broke out in Liberia on December 2, 1989, commentators did not forecast the subsequent instability, political crisis, and civil war that would consume neighboring Sierra Leone in 1991 and Côte d’Ivoire in 2002. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) led the first regional peacekeeping mission to Liberia ...

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13. Oil and Peacebuilding in the Niger Delta

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pp. 253-275

The production of crude oil and the management of its rents have been recurring sources of conflict in Nigeria, sub-Saharan Africa’s largest producer. The politics of oil led to an unsuccessful attempt at secession by the Ijaws, the largest ethnic group in the oil-producing Niger Delta, in 1966. ...

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14. Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration in Southern Africa: Namibia, Angola, and Mozambique

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pp. 276-294

United Nations (UN) peacekeeping forces supervised disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants in Namibia, Angola, and Mozambique. In all three southern African countries, DDR aimed at creating sustainable, secure, and peaceful frameworks of transition. ...

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15. Peacebuilding without a State: The Somali Experience

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pp. 295-310

The Somali state has been comprehensively destroyed. This is no temporary breakdown of public institutions, such as occurred in Uganda in the dying days of the Tito Okello regime before Yoweri Museveni’s National Liberation Movement took power in January 1986. It is not a collapse of public order, ...

Bibliography

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pp. 311-336

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Contributors

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pp. 337-340

Christopher Clapham is an associate of the Centre of African Studies at the University of Cambridge and editor of the Journal of Modern African Studies. His books include Africa and the International System: The Politics of State Survival (1996) ...

Index

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pp. 341-354


E-ISBN-13: 9780821444320
E-ISBN-10: 0821444328
Print-ISBN-13: 9780821420133
Print-ISBN-10: 0821420135

Page Count: 360
Publication Year: 2012

Series Title: Cambridge Centre of African Studies

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Subject Headings

  • Peace-building -- Africa.
  • Peace-building -- Africa -- International cooperation.
  • Africa -- Politics and government -- 1960-.
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