The Truth (and Untruth) of Language
Heidegger, Ricoeur, and Derrida on Disclosure and Displacement
Publication Year: 2010
In this study, Gert-Jan van der Heiden shows that this hermeneutic understanding of the relation between truth, untruth, and language can be clarified by inquiring into the meaning of two notions: disclosure and displacement. Unconcealment and hiding, truth and untruth, disclosure and displacement are the key notions to understanding the various conceptions of language in contemporary approaches to hermeneutics in continental philosophy. By painting a picture of the different meanings of these concepts in the work of Heidegger, Ricoeur, and Derrida, illuminating the differences and affinities of their respective projects, he finds an original way of showing how these three thinkers mutually discuss the relation between truth and language.
The Truth (and Untruth) of Language also confirms Heidegger’s continued influence in contemporary debates by tracing the influence of his account of the disclosure and displacement of language in the reigning schools of hermeneutical thought in continental philosophy. As a result, he offers a clear account of the comparison between hermeneutics and deconstruction by elucidating Ricoeur and Derrida’s shared resource of Heidegger’s project.
“Van der Heiden clearly locates the problem of language around its double ability to disclose the essence of things and displace the essence of things. No one has penetrated the Heidegger hinge between Ricoeur and Derrida as much as van der Heiden has.” — Leonard Lawlor, Edwin Erie Sparks Professor of Philosophy, Penn State University
Published by: Duquesne University Press
Title Page / Copyright Page
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The Faculty of Philosophy of the Radboud University Nijmegen proved to be a fruitful environment for working on this book. In particular, the Heidegger seminar was a very seminal place, and I would like to thank the people participating in it: (among others) Vincent Blok, Chris Bremmers, Nico Dieteren, Gerben Meynen, Andreea Parapuf, and Ben Vedder. In addition, I would...
INTRODUCTION: Truth and Language
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The above quote stems from the essay âOf the Vanity of Words.â In this essay, Michel de Montaigne warns his readers against the treacherous language of rhetoricians. Within the history of philosophy, Montaigneâs warnings are not isolated. The philosophical distrust of language does not just concern the language of rhetoricians or sophists, but often also includes the language...
ONE: Heidegger on Disclosure and Language
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Heideggerâs concern with the notion of truth and his reinterpretation of the Greek notion aletheia is an abiding theme in his thought. In fact, as one of the Feldweg-GesprÃ¤che suggests, his entire work consists in bringing the word aletheia back to language and in thinking that which the Greeks experienced in it.1 Against the background of the history of metaphysics, the claim that the word...
TWO: The Transference of Writing
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In the previous chapter I discussed how Heideggerâs thought emphasizes the primacy of disclosure in relation to displacement. The latter is first and foremost understood as concealment as pseudos. This primacy of disclosure was traced clearly in his account of the essence of language as saying. However, there is more to language than the mere event of disclosure in saying. There is also...
THREE: Inventions of Metaphor
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In Heideggerâs work, poetic language plays a crucial role to think the essence of language as the disclosure of being. In the wake of his work, contemporary hermeneutics and deconstruction have developed a keen interest in poetics. In particular, much attention has been paid to the use of metaphor and mimesis as important elements...
FOUR: Mimesis in Myth and Translation
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The above quote from IJsseling beautifully shows that mimesis, like metaphor, fundamentally involves both disclosure and displacement. All mimesis concerns the disclosure of reality at another place or another level than where it originally occurred â in a story, on a stage, and so on. The reinterpretation of this notion in hermeneutics and deconstruction is concerned with the question...
CONCLUSION: Disclosure and Displacement in Hermeneutics
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Heidegger, Ricoeur, and Derrida are all three, though in different ways, concerned with the questions and problems that arise in the wake of a thinking that begins with language, to paraphrase Ricoeurâs statement at the end of âExistence et hermÃ©neutique.â In the previous chapters we have seen how the pair of concepts disclosure...
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Page Count: 303
Publication Year: 2010