Gender and the Power of Relationship
"United as one individual Soul" in Paradise Lost
Publication Year: 2003
Published by: Duquesne University Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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A few years ago, at a dinner gathering of several Renaissance conference participants, one of our number, a scholar who has written quite eloquently in support of Eve in the separation scene in Paradise Lost, lamented first woman’s diminished...
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Since the summer of 1988, when I attended the Arizona Milton Institute funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and under the direction of Peter E. Medine, many individuals have contributed in a variety of ways to this project. I...
ONE: Pattern Divine: Milton’s Triune God
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“United as one individual Soul” (5.610) points to the dialectic / synthesis implicit in the divine pattern of relationships in Paradise Lost. As characters in the poem, the Father and the Son possess separate and unique individualities, with the...
TWO: Education and the Master Teacher: Adam and Eve’s Creation Accounts
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Paradise Lost teems with educational encounters. From “That Shepherd, who first taught the chosen Seed / In the Beginning how the Heav’ns and Earth / Rose out of Chaos” (8–10) in book 1 to Michael instructing Adam through visions and narrative...
THREE: Abundant Gifts: Hierarchy and Reciprocity
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Given the individual and gender distinctions highlighted in the characterization of Adam as “for contemplation hee and valor form’d” (4.297) and of Eve as “For softness shee and sweet attractive Grace” (298) and the differences in the nature, chronology...
FOUR: Reason, Faith and “the soul / Of all the rest”: Separation, Reunion and “Fruit Divine”
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Adam and Eve’s willingness to participate in each other’s being while affirming a hierarchy of values suggests the vital connection between reason and faith, the ideals of human relationship and a relationship with God, in Paradise Lost. ...
FIVE: “God is also in sleep”: Dreams Satanic and Divine
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After Michael instructs Adam about the future in books 11 and 12 of Paradise Lost, the archangel charges him to waken Eve and “at season fit / Let her with thee partake what thou has heard” (12.597–98). Adam, however, “found her wak’t”...
SIX: The Many Faces of Eve
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Milton’s presentation of human relationships in Paradise reveals tensions and contradictions resulting in part from his scriptural source, in part from the presence of several characters (for example, Eve, Adam, Satan, Raphael, the Son, the...
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Page Count: 212
Publication Year: 2003