The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle
Publication Year: 2014
The introduction provides an overview of the composition and publication history of Peregrine Pickle and discusses the novel’s critical reception over time by such figures as Lady Luxborough, Sir Walter Scott, Joseph Conrad, and George Orwell. The text of the novel uses the first edition of 1751 as copy-text while recording the second edition’s substantive variants. Included are illustrations by Thomas Rowlandson, Richard Corbould, and George Cruikshank, as well as frontispieces designed by, and engraved in the style of, Henry Fuseli. A complete textual apparatus concludes the volume.
Published by: University of Georgia Press
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Title Page, Editorial Board, Frontispiece, Copyright, Dedication
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List of Illustrations
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Seven years passed between the initial publication of The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle. In which are included, Memoirs of a Lady of Quality in 1751 and the appear-ance of the much revised second edition, to which Smollett added a brief ?Advertise-ment? defending his work and characterizing his revisions. To the second edition he also added an exchange of letters between Lady Vane and an unnamed Lord by way of preface to volume 3, which contained the former?s memoirs. It would be seven more ...
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The list of friends and scholars who played parts in the making of this edition cov-ers a period of more than three decades, and it includes persons no longer able to enjoy our thanks. Out of respect we turn to this group fi rst. All of the following scholars, now deceased, responded graciously to George Rousseau?s queries. Robert Adams Day spent a summer shortly before his death making notes on our notes. Leila Brownfi eld, George Rousseau?s dedicated research assistant at UCLA, died checking ...
List of Abbreviations
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The publication of The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, Tobias Smollett?s second novel, was announced in the General Advertiser on 25 February 1751.1 A deeply personal work by an author not yet turned thirty, the novel directs biting satire at those who had injured him, and it shows infl uences of Smollett?s contemporaneous work of translating Alain Ren? Le Sage and Miguel Cervantes. It also contains ample evidence of what succeeding generations of readers would come to recognize as Smol-...
The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle
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An account of Mr. Gamaliel Pickle. The disposition of his sister described. He In a certain county of England,1 bounded on one side by the sea, and at the distance of one hundred miles from the metropolis, lived Gamaliel Pickle Esq;2 the father of that hero whose adventures we propose to record. He was the son of a merchant in London, who (like Rome) from small beginnings, had raised himself to the highest honours of the city, and acquired a plentiful fortune, tho?, to his infi nite regret, he died ...
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He is made acquainted with the characters of Commodore Trunnion and his adherents; meets with them by accident, and contracts an intimacy with This loquacious publican soon gave him sketches of all the characters in the county; and, among others, described that of his next neighbour Commodore Trunnion,1 which was altogether singular and odd. ?The commodore and your worship (said he) will in a short time be hand and glove; he has a power of money, and spends like a ...
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...draught, with a twang equally expressive and harmonious. In short, the company began to understand one another; Mr. Pickle seemed to relish the entertainment, and a cor-respondence immediately commenced between him and Trunnion, who shook him by the hand, drank to further acquaintance, and even invited him to a mess of pork and pease in the garrison. The compliment was returned, good fellowship prevailed, and ...
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...bought, and in short, a day was appointed for the celebration of their nuptials, to which every body of any fashion in the neighbourhood was invited. Among these com-modore Trunnion and Mr. Hatchway were not forgotten, being the sole companions of the bridegroom, with whom, by this time, they had contracted a sort of intimacy at They had received a previous intimation of what was on the anvil,3 from the land-...
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...been surrounded at sea by the whole French navy. He had never pronounced the word Madam since he was born, so that far from entering into conversation with the ladies, he would not even return the compliment, or give the least nod of civility when they drank to his health; and I verily believe, would rather have suffered suffocation, than allowed the simple phrase, your servant, to proceed from his mouth. He was altogether ...
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...nately regaled, and actually arrived in a post- chaise at the place of his habitation, where she introduced her business as an affair on which the happiness of a whole family de-pended. But, alas! she had come too late; his lordship lamented, in very polite and pa-thetic terms, that he was disabled from exerting his humanity, and enjoying the plea-sure he should feel in contributing to the happiness of his fellow- creatures, at such an ...
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...excepting Mrs. Grizzle by name, from the censures he liberally bestowed upon the rest of her sex. ?She is not a drunkard, like Nan Castick of Deptford,?18 he would say; ?nor a nincompoop, like Peg Simper of Woolwich; nor a brimstone,19 like Kate Coddle of Chatham;20 nor a shrew, like Nell Griffi n on the Point Portsmouth;21 (ladies to whom at different times, they had both paid their addresses) but a tight, good humoured sen-...
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...nant manner, that the nymph had need of all her resolution to endure the compliment without shrinking; and he himself was so disconcerted at what he had done, that he instantly retired to the other end of the room, where he sat silent, and broiled with shame and vexation. Mrs. Pickle, like a sensible matron, quitted the place, on pre-tence of going to the nursery; and Mr. Hatchway taking the hint, recollected that he ...
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He is found by the lieutenant; reconducted to his own house; married to Mrs. Grizzle, who meets with a small misfortune in the night, and asserts her prerogative next morning; in consequence of which her husband?s eye Mean while lieutenant Hatchway made shift to hobble to the church, where he informed the company of what had happened to the commodore; and the bride behaved with great decency on the occasion; for, as soon as she understood the danger ...
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The commodore being in some cases restif, his lady has recourse to artifi ce in the establishment of her throne; she exhibits symptoms of pregnancy, to the unspeakable joy of Trunnion, who nevertheless is baulked in his expectation.These innovations were not effected without many loud objections on his part; and divers curious dialogues passed between him and his yoke- fellow, who always came off victorious from the dispute; insomuch that his countenance gradually fell; he ...
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...which at last faded away, and was succeeded by a paroxism of shame and confusion, that kept the husband within doors for the space of a whole fortnight, and confi ned his lady to her bed for a series of weeks, during which she suffered all the anguish of the most intense mortifi cation; yet even this was subdued by the lenient hand of time.The fi rst respite from her chagrin was employed in the strict discharge of what are ...
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...striker; and after having fi lled the whole house with confusion and dismay, opened his It would be an endless and perhaps no very agreeable task, to enumerate all the un-lucky pranks he played upon his uncle and others, before he attained the fourth year of his age; about which time he was sent, with an attendant, to a day- school in the neigh-bourhood, that (to use his good mother?s own expression) he might be out of harm?s ...
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...the ladies, together with teeth- powders, hair- dying liquors, prolifi ck elixirs, and tinc-tures to sweeten the breath. These nostrums, recommended by the art of cringing, in which he was consummate, ingratiated him so much with people of fashion, that he was enabled to set up school with fi ve and twenty boys of the best families, whom he boarded on his own terms, and undertook to instruct in the French and Latin lan-...
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...fondness; she therefore consented to the commodore?s request with great condescen-sion, and a polite compliment to him on the concern he had all along manifested for The commodore takes Peregrine under his own care. The boy arrives at the garrison;?is strangely received by his own mother;?enters into a confederacy with Hatchway and Pipes, and executes a couple of waggish ...
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The triumvirate turn the stream of their wit upon the commodore, who by their means is embroiled with an attorney, and terrifi ed with an apparition.The shafts of their wit were now directed against the commander himself, whom they teized and terrifi ed almost out of his senses. One day while he was at dinner, Pipes came and told him that there was a person below that wanted to speak with him immediately about an affair of the greatest importance, that would admit of no delay; ...
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...want with me? I?m sure I never committed murder, nor wronged any man whatsom-ever, since I fi rst went to sea.? This same Davy Jones, according to the mythology of sailors, is the fi end that presides over all the evil spirits of the deep,8 and is often seen in various shapes, perching among the rigging on the eve of hurricanes, shipwrecks, and other disasters, to which a sea- faring life is exposed; warning the devoted wretch of ...
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...cruize for a post, brother Trickle, an?t ye? (said Trunnion, interrupting him) we shall fi nd a post for you in a trice, my boy. Here, Pipes, take this saucy son of a bitch, belay him to the whipping post in the yard. I?ll teach you to rowce me in a morning with such impertinent messages.? Pipes, who wanted to carry the joke farther than the ex-ciseman dreamt of, laid hold on him in a twinkling, and executed the orders of his ...
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...ing rigging being decayed, d?ye see, the fi rst squall will bring me by the board. D??n ye, if in case I have given offence, can?t ye speak above- board? and I shall make you Jack being ashamed to own the true situation of his thoughts, after some hesitation, answered with perplexity and incoherence, ?No, damme! that an?t the case neither: to be sure you always used me in an offi cer- like manner, that I must own, to give the devil ...
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He is concerned in a dangerous adventure with a certain gardener; heads an insurrection in the school; takes the fi eld with his adherents, marches up into He and some of his companions one day entered a garden in the suburbs, and hav-ing indulged their appetites, desired to know what satisfaction they must make for the fruit they had pulled. The gardener demanded what (in their opinion) was an exorbitant price, and they with many opprobrious terms refused to pay it. The peasant ...
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...pended from his neck. They thanked him for his disinterested attachment, but all his sollicitations could not prevail upon the chiefs to profi t by this instance of his good fel-lowship; because they considered him as a person whose assistance in this particular it The governors tamper with their pupils. Peregrine is deserted, prevailed upon to return, and submit to correction; sublimes his ideas, commences ...
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...appointment, and inquiring for Miss Gauntlet, was shewn into a parlour. Here he had not waited above ten minutes, when Emilia entered in a most inchanting undress,14 with all the graces of nature playing about her person, and in a moment rivetted the Her mother being still abed, and her brother gone to give orders about the chaise, in which they proposed to return that same day to their own habitation, he enjoyed her ...
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...an idle amour, which could not fail of interfering in a dangerous manner with the plan In the mean time, Perry?s ideas were totally engrossed by his amiable mistress, who, whether he slept or waked, was still present in his imagination, which produced the This juvenile production was inclosed in a very tender billet to Emilia, and commit-ted to the charge of Pipes, who was ordered to set out for Mrs. Gauntlet?s habitation ...
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...have advanced; and I wish the picture, singular as it is, may not be thought to resemble Peregrine is summoned to attend his uncle, is more and more hated by his own mother; appeals to his father, whose condescension is defeated by the But waving these refl ections, let us return to Peregrine, who received a summons to attend his uncle, and in a few days arrived with Mr. Jolter and Pipes at the gar-rison, which he fi lled with joy and satisfaction. The alteration, which, during his ab-...
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Trunnion is enraged at the conduct of Pickle. Peregrine resents the injustice of his mother, to whom he explains his sentiments in a letter. Is entered at the University of Oxford, where he signalizes himself as a youth Unspeakable were the transports of rage to which Trunnion was incensed by this absurd renunciation: he tore the letter with his gums, (teeth he had none) spit with furious grimaces, in token of the contempt he entertained for the author, whom ...
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...the proctor, who desired to see him forthwith. With great humility and contrition he begged the advice of his pupil, who being used to amuse himself with painting, assured Mr. Jolter, that he would cover those signs of disgrace with a slight coat of fl esh- colour, so dextrously, that it would be almost impossible to distinguish the artifi cial from the natural skin. The rueful governor, rather than expose such opprobrious tokens to the ...
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...of desiring him to walk in, checked her intention with a frown, then turning to Mr. Pickle, dropped him a very formal curt?sey, seized the other young lady by the arm, and After sundry unsuccessful efforts, he fi nds means to come to an explanation Peregrine, disconcerted at their sudden disappearance, stood for some minutes gap-ing in the street, before he could get the better of his surprize; and then deliber-ated with himself whether he should demand immediate admittance to his mistress, ...
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...the other; suffi ce it to say, that the endearing intimacy of their former connexion was instantly renewed, and Sophy, who congratulated them upon the happy termination of their quarrel, favoured with their mutual confi dence. In consequence of this happy pacifi cation, they deliberated upon the means of seeing each other often; and as he could not without some previous introduction visit her openly at the house of her re-...
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...grudge, ever since the adventure of the painted eye; and therefore, on this occasion, his politic forbearance had been overcome by the accumulated motives of his disgust. Indeed he would have resigned his charge with disdain, had not he been encouraged to persevere, by the hopes of a good living which Trunnion had in his gift, or known He receives a letter from his aunt, breaks with the commodore, and disobliges ...
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Trunnion going into his closet, after divers efforts, produced the following billet, with If I gave offence in my last letter, I?m sorry for it, d?ye see; I thought it was the likeliest way to bring you up; but, in time to come, you shall have a larger swing of cable. When you can spare time, I shall be glad if you will make a short trip, and see your aunt, and him who isHe becomes melancholy and despondent; is favoured with a condescending ...
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...but one, and that her cousin Sophy intended to accompany her in her father?s chariot,5 he repeated his intention of attending her, and in the mean time dismissed his gover-nor and the lieutenant to the garison, with his compliments to his aunt and the com-modore, and a faithful promise of his being with them in six days at farthest.These previous measures being taken, he, attended by Pipes, set out with the ladies; ...
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...mince the declaration which would overwhelm me with pleasure, and chear my lonely refl ection, while I sigh amid the solitude of separation?? His fair mistress, melted by this image, replied, with the tears gushing from her eyes, ?I?m afraid I shall feel that separation more severely than you imagine.? Transported at this fl attering confession, he pressed her to his breast, and while her head reclined upon his neck, mingled his ...
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...had made shift to rise, and attack him in the rear; for which reason, when the tutor was quelled, the victor faced about, snatched the weapon out of his hand, and having bro-ken it to pieces, remounted his horse, and rode off, without deigning to honour him The condition in which they returned produced infi nite clamour against the con-queror, who was represented as a ruffi an who had lain in ambush to make away with ...
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...to pray with her.6 This name infl amed the husband?s choler anew, and forgetting all his complaisance for his spouse, he replied with a rancorous grin, ?Add rabbit him!7 I doubt not but you found his admonitions deadly comfortable!? The landlady, look-ing at her vassal with a sovereign aspect, ?What crotchets (said she) have you got in your fool?s head, I trow? I know no business you have to sit here like a gentleman with ...
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The two young gentlemen display their talents for gallantry, in the course of which they are involved in a ludicrous circumstance of distress, and Mean while our hero and his new friend, together with honest Jack Hatchway, made daily excursions into the country, visited the gentlemen in the neigh-bourhood, and frequently accompanied them to the chace; all three being exceedingly caressed on account of their talents, which could accommodate themselves with great ...
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...her maid to let him in, and the door was no sooner opened, than our adventurers rushed into the house. The mistress was struck dumb with consternation, mistaking them for robbers, because they wore vizors, and were otherwise disguised; while the servant wench, terrifi ed with the same apprehension, fell upon her knees, and begged they would spare her life and take all she had. Gauntlet taking the wife by the hand, ...
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...benefactor?s advice and direction: for the present, however, he carried her to the house of a gentleman in the neighbourhood, whose lady was her godmother, where she was received with great tenderness and condolance; and he proposed to inquire for some creditable house, where she might be genteelly boarded in his absence, resolving to maintain her from the savings of his own allowance, which he thought might very well ...
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...of a wool- pack;7 for my shot rebounded from his face like a wad of spun- yarn from the walls of a ship. But if so be that son of a bitch of a tree hadn?t come athwart my weather- bow,8 d?ye see, I?ll be damned if I hadn?t snapt his main- yard in the slings,9 and mayhap let out his bulge water into the bargain.?10 He seemed particularly vain of this exploit, which dwelt upon his imagination, and was cherished as the child of his old ...
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...thou wilt fi nd thyself in a condition to keep in the line with the best of thy fellows.? He then reminded Gauntlet of his promise to call at the garison in his return from Dover, and imparted something in a whisper to the governor, while Jack Hatchway unable to speak, pulled his hat over his eyes, and squeezing Peregrine by the hand, gave him an iron pistol of curious workmanship, as a memorial of his friendship. Our youth, who ...
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He embarks for France; is overtaken by a storm; is surprised with the appearance of Pipes; lands at Calais, and has an affair with the offi cers of Scarce had the vessel proceeded two leagues on the passage, when the wind shifting, blew directly in their teeth; so that they were obliged to haul upon a wind,1 and alter their course; and the sea running pretty high at the same time, our hero, who was below in his cabbin, began to be squeamish, and in consequence of the skipper?s ad-...
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Peregrine made no objection to this practice, which was in itself reasonable enough; but when he understood that the gate was besieged by another multitude of porters, who insisted upon their right of carrying the goods, and also of fi xing their own price, he absolutely refused to comply with their demand; and chastising some of the most clamorous among them with his foot, told them, that if their custom- house offi cers ...
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...bottle go round, and was escorted to his own lodgings, more than half seas over.16 Next morning about eight o?clock, he was waked by his valet de chambre, who told him that two of the gentlemen with whom he had spent the evening were in the house, and de-sired the favour of being admitted into his chamber. He could not conceive the mean-ing of this extraordinary visit, and ordering his man to shew them into his apartment, ...
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...portunity for throwing himself at her feet; and in the mean time he ravished sundry small favours, which she in the hurry of her fright could not with- hold from his im-pudence of address. Having thus happily settled the preliminaries, he withdrew to his own chamber, and spent the whole night in contriving stratagems to elude the jealous They set out in company, breakfast at Abbe Ville, dine at Amiens, and ...
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He is involved in an adventure at Paris, and taken prisoner by the city- guard. Becomes acquainted with a French nobleman, who introduces him They were no sooner settled in these lodgings, than our hero wrote to his uncle an account of their safe arrival, and sent another letter to his friend Gauntlet, with a very tender billet inclosed for his dear Emilia, to whom he repeated all his former The next care that engrossed him was that of bespeaking several suits of cloaths ...
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...did not fail to ascribe to their defect in point of judgment and taste: he conceived a dis-gust at the mercenary conduct, as well as the shallow intellects of the ladies; and after he had spent some months, and a round sum of money, in fruitless attendance and ad-dresses, he fairly quitted the pursuit, and consoled himself with the conversation of a merry Fille de joye,23 whose good graces he acquired by an allowance of twenty Louis ...
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...their being strangers, cautioning them at the same time to beware of such exploits for When Peregrine returned to his own lodgings, Pipes seeing the blood trickling down upon his master?s neckcloth and solitaire,17 gave evident tokens of surprize and concern, not for the consequences of the wound, which he did not suppose danger-ous, but for the glory of Old England, which he was afraid had suffered in the engage-...
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Peregrine resolves to return to England, is diverted with the odd characters of two of his countrymen, with whom he contracts an acquaintance in the In the mean time, our hero received a letter from his aunt, importing that the com-modore was in a very declining way, and longed much to see him at the garison; and at the same time he heard from his sister, who gave him to understand that the young gentleman who had for some time made his addresses to her, was become very press-...
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...the ancients above all competition, with an affected fervour, which the knowledge of their excellencies never inspired. Indeed our young gentleman so successfully accom-modated himself to the disposition of each, that long before their review was fi nished, From the Palais Royal he accompanied them to the cloisters of the Carthusians,33 where they considered the history of St. Bruno, by Le Sueur,34 whose name being ut-...
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...usual exclamation of ?For God?s sake, gentlemen!? when the governor rose from the table in great dudgeon, and left the room, muttering some ejaculation, of which the word coxcomb only could be distinctly heard. The physician being thus left master of the fi eld of battle, was complimented on his victory by Peregrine, and so elevated by his success, that he declaimed a full hour on the absurdity of Jolter?s proposition, and ...
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...of expence, to some preparations in vogue about the time of that absurd voluptuary Heliogabalus, who ordered the brains of six hundred ostriches to be compounded in By this time the desert appeared, and the company were not a little rejoiced to see plain olives in salt and water: but what the master of the feast valued himself upon, was a sort of jelly, which he affi rmed to be preferable to the hypotrimma of Hesychius,35 ...
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...net, which incommoded him so much, that he could no longer keep his post, but leap-ing upon the ground, gave his antagonist a chuck under the chin, that laid him upon his back, and then skipping over him with infi nite agility, absconded among the crowd of coaches, till he saw the guard mount before and behind upon his master?s Fiacre, which no sooner set forward than he followed at a small distance, to reconnoitre the ...
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...in his shoe. He had been even so presumptuous as to explain the device with satirical inscriptions in the French language, which when Jolter perused, his hair stood on end with affright. The very turnkey was confounded and overawed by the boldness of his behaviour, which he had never seen matched by any inhabitant of that place; and actu-ally joined his friend in persuading him to submit to the easy demand of the minister. ...
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...unworthy of his ample soul, and was a professed admirer of L. Manlius, Junius Brutus, and those later patriots of the same name,16 who shut their ears against the cries of na-Pallet conceives an hearty contempt for his fellow- traveller, and attaches himself to Pickle, who, nevertheless, persecutes him with his mischievous In the mean time, his companion having employed divers pails full of water, in clear-ing himself from the squalor of a jail, submitted his face to the barber, tinged his ...
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...then observed, that the Negroes on the coast of Guinea,14 who are a healthy and vigor-ous people, prefer cats and dogs to all other fare; and mentioned from history several sieges, during which the inhabitants, who were blocked up, lived upon these animals, and had recourse even to human fl esh, which, to his certain knowledge, was in all re-spects preferable to pork; for, in the course of his studies, he had, for the experiment?s ...
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...so successfully appeased the choler of two offi cers, who wanted either inclination or ability to pay their bill: for experience had taught him to be apprehensive of all such travellers, who commonly lay the landlord under contribution, by way of atonement for the extravagance of his demands, even after he has professed his willingness to en-Peregrine moralizes upon their behaviour, which is condemned by the doctor, ...
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...degree, that in the temerity of his passion, he uttered the epithet impertinent scoundrel; which was no sooner pronounced than the Caledonian made manual application to his nose,17 and leaping out of the coach, stood waiting for him on the plain; while he (the physician) made feeble efforts to join him, being easily retained by the other soldier; and Pallet, dreading the consequence in which he himself might be involved, bellowed ...
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...by the Roman actors, which, he said, was a machine that covered the whole head, fur-nished on the inside with a brazen concavity, that, by reverberating the sound as it is-sued from the mouth, raised the voice, so as to render it audible to such an extended audience. He explained the difference between the Saltator34 and Declamator,35 one of whom acted, while the other rehearsed the part; and from thence took occasion to ...
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...ised to recommend him strenuously to the pious admonitions of the young woman under his care, who was a perfect saint upon earth, and endued with the peculiar gift of mollifying the hearts of obdurate sinners. ?O father! (cried the hypocritical projec-tor, who by this time perceived that his money was not thrown away) if I could be fa-voured but for one half hour with the private instructions of that inspired devotee, my ...
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...sonal accomplishments and the tempting opportunity, all that he could obtain, was an acknowledgment of his having made an impression upon her heart, which she hoped the dictates of her duty would enable her to erase. This confession he considered as a delicate consent; and obeying the impulse of his love, snatched her up in his arms, with intention of seizing that which she declined to give; when this French Lucretia,8 ...
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...mad with seeing the delicious morsel, snatched (as it were) from his very lip, stalked through the passage, like a ghost, in hopes of fi nding some opportunity of re- entering, till the day beginning to break, he was obliged to retire, cursing the ideotical conduct of the painter, which had so unluckily interfered with his delight.They depart from Ghent. Our hero engages in a political dispute with ...
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...which the friar had procured for the good of his soul. This benefaction was no sooner made, than the pious mendicant edged off by little and little, till he joined the rest of the company, leaving his generous patron at full liberty to prosecute his purpose. It is not to be doubted that our adventurer made a good use of this occasion: he practised a thousand fl owers of rhetoric, and actually exhausted his whole address, in persuading ...
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...perceived the ludicrous source of their disquiet. The painter himself made an effort to join their mirth, but he had been so harrowed by fear, and smarted so much with the pain of the discipline he had received from Pickle, that he could not, with all his en-deavour, vanquish the ruefulness of his countenance; and his attempt served only to in-crease the aukwardness of his situation, which was not at all mended by the behaviour ...
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Peregrine, almost distracted with his disappointments, conjures the fair Fleming to permit his visits at Brussels. She withdraws from his pursuit.Things being thus adjusted, and all the company dressed, they went to breakfast about fi ve in the morning, and in less than an hour after were seated in the Dili-gence, where a profound silence prevailed. Peregrine, who used to be the life of the so-ciety, being extremely pensive and melancholy on account of his mishap, the Israelite ...
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Peregrine meets with Mrs. Hornbeck, and is consoled for his loss. His valet de chambre is embroiled with her duenna, whom, however, he fi nds Every thing having thus resumed its natural channel, they dined together in great tranquillity; and in the afternoon, Peregrine, on pretence of staying at home to write letters, while his companions were at the coffee- house, ordered a coach to be called, and with his valet de chambre, who was the only person acquainted with the ...
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Hornbeck is informed of his wife?s adventure with Peregrine, for whom he prepares a stratagem, which is rendered ineffectual by the information of Pipes. The husband is ducked for his intention, and our hero apprehended by There was another person, however, still ungained; and that was no other than her footman, whose secrecy our hero attempted to secure in the morning by an handsome present, which he received with many professions of gratitude and devotion ...
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...consequence of which he foresaw, that he must disoblige a British subject, sent for the plaintiff, of whom he had some knowledge, and in person exhorted him to drop the prosecution, which would only serve to propagate his own shame. But Hornbeck was too much incensed to listen to any proposal of that kind, and peremptorily demanded justice against the prisoner, whom he represented as an obscure adventurer, who had ...
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...fi rst aggressor, should make a sketch of the physician?s vision, to be engraved and pre-Peregrine renews his inquiries about his lost Amanda, in the course of which he is engaged in an intrigue with a nun, which produces Though this treaty was concluded at the instances of Peregrine and his governor, it was impossible that a lasting friendship could subsist between the two par-ties, because they entertained for each other the most perfect contempt, which, in the ...
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...or?s advice, and in all likelihood would be compelled to take the veil by her guardians, The travellers depart for Antwerp, at which place the painter gives a loose Our adventurer thus deprived of an agreeable correspondence, and baffl ed in all his efforts to retrieve the other object of his passion, yielded at length to the re-monstrances of his governor and fellow- travellers, who, out of pure complaisance to him, had exceeded their intended stay by six days at least: and a couple of post- chaises, ...
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...each other in the representation of a curtain and a bunch of grapes;17 for he had exhib-ited the image of a certain object so like to nature, that the bare sight of it set a whole When he had examined and applauded all the productions of this minute artist, they returned to the great church, and were entertained with the view of that celebrated master- piece of Rubens, in which he has introduced the portraits of himself and his ...
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The republican, overjoyed at this exclamation, commanded him to yield, and sur-render his arms, on pain of immediate death; upon which he threw away his pistols and sword, in spite of all the admonitions and even threats of his second, who left him to his fate, and went up to his master, stopping his nose with signs of loathing and The victor having won the Spolia Opima,11 granted him his life, on condition, that ...
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...some cloaths and linnen in a portmanteau; and in the morning embarked, with his gov-ernor, in the Treckskuyt,20 for the Hague,21 whither he pretended to be called by some urgent occasion, leaving his fellow- travellers to make his apology to their friends; and assuring them, that he would not proceed for Amsterdam, without their society. He arrived at the Hague in the forenoon, and dined at an ordinary frequented by offi cers ...
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...conversation was that same night interrupted by a dispute that arose between one of those young gentlemen and the physician, about the cold and hot methods of prescrip-tion in the gout and rheumatism; and proceeded to such a degree of mutual reviling, that Pickle ashamed and incensed at his fellow- traveller?s want of urbanity, espoused the other?s cause, and openly rebuked him for his unmannerly petulance, which (he ...
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Sees his sister happily married. Visits Emilia, who receives him according to Her brother being of opinion, that Mr. Clover?s proposal was not to be neglected, especially as Julia?s heart was engaged in his favour, communicated the affair to his uncle, who, with the approbation of Mrs. Trunnion, declared himself well satisfi ed with the young man?s addresses, and desired that they might be buckled with all expe-dition,1 without the knowledge or concurrence of her parents, to whom (on account of ...
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...he did not despair of reducing the fortress, believing that in time there would be a mu-tiny in his favour; and accordingly, carried on the seige for several days, without prof-iting by his perseverance; till at length, having attended the ladies to their own house in the country, he began to look upon this adventure as time mispent, and resolved to discontinue his attack, in hopes of meeting with a more favourable occasion; being, in ...
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...under contribution, and extort money, by prostituting themselves to the embraces of their own sex, and then threatening their admirers with prosecution.6 But their most important returns are made by that body of their undertakers who exercise their un-derstandings in the innumerable stratagems of the card table, at which no sharper can be too infamous to be received, and even caressed by persons of the highest rank and ...
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...to his own stock, as would amount to the price of a company of foot;7 but expressed great confi dence in the future exertion of that talent which had been blessed with such a prosperous beginning. Our hero fi nding him thus obstinately deaf to the voice of his own interest, resolved to govern himself in his next endeavours of friendship, by his experience of this ticklish punctilio; and in the mean time, gave a handsome bene-...
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They distress the housekeepers of Bath, by another mischievous contrivance. Peregrine humbles a noted hector, and meets with a strange character at the This adventure was attended with another small tour, that involved almost all the inhabitants of Bath in a very ludicrous scene of distress. Our hero, among his other remarks, had observed, that in this place there was no such utensil as a jack,1 and that all the spits were turned by dogs,2 which never failed to appear, at the hour of ...
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This piece of intelligence being communicated to all the company, except Mr. Crab-tree, who suffered by his loss of hearing, that cynic was soon after accosted by a lady, who, by means of an artifi cial alphabet, formed by certain conjunction and disposi-tion of the fi ngers,17 asked if he had heard any extraordinary news of late? Cadwal-lader, with his usual complaisance, replied, that he supposed she took him for a courier ...
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...?In consequence of my rank and character I obtain free admission to the ladies, among whom I have obtained the appellation of the Scandalous Chronicle; and as I am considered (while silent) in no other light than that of a footstool or elbow chair, they divest their conversation of all restraint before me, and gratify my sense of hear-ing with strange things, which (if I could prevail upon myself to give the world that ...
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Peregrine arrives at the garison, where he receives the last admonitions of Commodore Trunnion, who next day resigns his breath, and is buried according to his own directions. Some gentlemen in the country make a fruitless attempt to accommodate matters betwixt Mr. Gamaliel Pickle and About four o?clock in the morning our hero arrived at the garison, where he found his generous uncle in extremity, supported in bed, by Julia on one side, and lieu-...
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In the method of interment, the commodore?s injunctions were obeyed to a tittle; and at the same time our hero made a donation of fi fty pounds to the poor of the par-Having performed these obsequies with the most pious punctuality, he examined the will, to which there was no addition since it had been fi rst executed, adjusted the payment of all the legacies, and being sole executor, took an account of the estate to ...
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He prosecutes his design upon Emilia with great art and perseverance.Our adventurer, having by his hypocrisy obtained free access to his mistress, began the siege, by professing the most sincere contrition for his former levity, and im-ploring her forgiveness with such earnest supplication, that, guarded as she was against his fl attering arts, she began to believe his protestations, which were even accompa-nied with tears, and abated a good deal of that severity and distance she had proposed ...
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...would never allow him to injure such innocence and beauty; and the transports of his passion had, upon this occasion, so far overshot his purpose, that if she had de-manded an explanation, while he was thus agitated, he would have engaged himself to her wish by such ties, as he could not possibly break, with any regard to his reputa-tion. But, from such expostulation, she was deterred partly by pride, and partly by the ...
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He endeavours to reconcile himself to his mistress, and expostulates with the In this state of division, he went home to his own lodgings in a chair; and while he deliberated with himself, whether he should relinquish the pursuit, and endeavour to banish her idea from his breast, or go immediately and humble himself before his exasperated mistress, and offer his hand as an atonement for his crime, his servant put in his hand a packet, which had been delivered by a ticket- porter at the door.1 He no ...
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Our hero glowing with indignation at this supercilious treatment; ?I was in the wrong (said he) to look for good manners, so far on this side of Temple- bar:4 but, you must give me leave to tell you, Sir, that unless I am favoured with an interview with Miss Gauntlet, I shall conclude, that you have actually laid a constraint upon her incli-nation, for some sinister purposes of your own.? ?Sir, (replied the old gentleman) you ...
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Gorgon?s head,7 according to the fables of antiquity, never had a more instantaneous or petrifying effect, than that which this countenance produced upon the astonished youth. His eyes were fi xed upon this unknown object, as if they had been attracted by the power of inchantment, his feet seemed rivetted to the ground, and after hav-ing stood motionless for the space of a few minutes, he dropped down in an apoplexy ...
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He returns to London, and meets with Cadwallader, who entertains him The young gentleman having performed these last offi ces, in honour of his de-ceased benefactor, and presented Mr. Jolter to the long- expected living, which at this time happened to be vacant, returned to London, and resumed his former gaiety: not that he was able to shake Emilia from his thoughts, or even to remember her with-out violent emotions; for, as he recovered his vigour, his former impatience recurred, ...
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...replenished, and made such application with it to the forehead of her husband, as pressed the two sides of it together, by which means, the contents were squirted out in a full stream, that played upon the visage of the astonished Misanthrope; and, not satisfi ed with the vengeance she had taken, she quitted her weapon, and assaulted him with tooth and nail, exclaiming all the time, ?Ah! you pitiful cuckoldy scrub, have you ...
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...no sooner intitled, by the familiarity of communication, to ask such a favour, than he earnestly intreated her to entertain him with the particulars of her story; and, by dint of importunity, she was at length prevailed upon (in a select partie) to gratify his curi-By the circumstances of the story which I am going to relate, you will be convinced of my candour, while you are informed of my indiscretion; and be enabled, I hope, to perceive, that howsoever my head may have erred, my heart hath always been un-...
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Peregrine amuses his imagination, by slight incursions upon the territory of vice and folly; reforms a back- sliding brother, and sends a celebrated sharper His heart being thus, as it were, suspended between two objects that lessened the force of each other?s attraction, he took this opportunity of enjoying some re-spite, and for the present detached his sentiments from both; resolving to indulge himself in the exercise of that practical satire,1 which was so agreeable and peculiar to ...
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...profl igate virago, lost to all sense of ? conomy and decorum, and a just punishment infl icted upon an infamous adventurer, who not only pillaged, but also disgraced the company by whom he was caressed. It was in consequence of this adventure, that Per-egrine conceived a very ludicrous project, the execution of which furnished entertain-ment and admiration to all the fashionable people in town. The appearance of Cadwal-...
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...the town or country? Cadwallader at once perceiving her allusion, answered her ques-tion in these terms. ?This honest world will forgive a young gamester for indiscretion at play, but a favour granted to a blabbing coxcomb is an unpardonable offence.? This response she received with equal astonishment and chagrin; and, fully convinced of the necromancer?s omniscience, implored his advice touching the retrieval of her reputa-...
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...physic, and trade, over and above the ordinary subjects of marriage and fornication; his advice and assistance were sollicited by sharpers who desired to possess an infal-lible method of cheating, unperceived; by fortune- hunters who wanted to make prize of widows and heiresses; by debauchees who were disposed to lye with other men?s wives; by coxcombs who longed for the death of their fathers; by wenches with child, ...
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This condescension was very glorious for our hero, who graciously received his sub-mission, and accompanied him to dinner, where he was caressed by the old earl with marks of particular affection and esteem. Nor was his gratitude confi ned to exterior civility; he offered him the use of his interest at court, which was very powerful, and repeated his desire of serving him so pressingly, that Peregrine thought he could not ...
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Peregrine receives a letter from Hatchway, in consequence of which he repairs to the garison, and performs the last offi ces to his aunt. He is visited In this circle of amusements our hero?s time was parcelled out, and few young gentle-men of the age enjoyed life with greater relish, notwithstanding those intervening checks of reason, which served only to whet his appetite for a repetition of the plea-sures she so prudently condemned; when he received the following letter, by which he ...
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Peregrine sets out for the garison, and meets with a nymph of the road, whom he takes into keeping, and metamorphoses into a fi ne lady.1In the mean time, our hero jogged along in a profound reverie, which was disturbed by a beggar- woman and her daughter, who solicited him for alms, as he passed them on the road. The girl was about the age of sixteen, and notwithstanding the wretched equipage in which she appeared, exhibited to his view a set of agreeable features, en-...
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...his knees, and kissed his hand, praying to heaven, with great fervour, to make him worthy of such goodness and condescension. His scheme, he said, was to open a cof-feehouse and tavern in some creditable part of the town, in hopes of being favoured with the custom of a numerous acquaintance he had made among upper servants and reputable tradesmen, not doubting that his wife would be an ornament to his bar, and ...
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He is taken into the protection of a great man; sets up for member of parliament; is disappointed in his expectation, and fi nds himself Among these professed patrons, the greatest part of whom Peregrine saw thro?, there was one great personage, who seemed to support with dignity the sphere in which fortune had placed him. His behaviour to Pickle was not a series of grin-ning complaisance, in a fl at repetition of general expressions of friendship and regard. ...
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...less than two thousand pounds out of pocket, exclusive of the debt for which he stood engaged to the receiver. His lordship, who was prepared for this expostulation, on his knowledge of the young man?s impetuous temper, answered all the articles of his charge with great deliberation, giving him to understand the motives that induced the minister to quit his interest in that borough; and soothing him with assurances that ...
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...every one, for himself, bribed the informer to withdraw his evidence, by which alone he could be convicted; and having received these gratifi cations, he had thought proper to retreat into France, with the whole booty, including the original thousand that put them in motion. In consequence of this decampment, the borrower had withdrawn himself; so that the lender was obliged to have recourse to his security....
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...very small, and his own hopes to be altogether desperate; in which case, he was re-solved to dispose of the mortgage, purchase an annuity, and live independant.He is indulged with a second audience by the minister, of whose sincerity he is convinced. His pride and ambition revive, and again are mortifi ed.If the young gentleman?s money had been in other hands, perhaps the peer would have been at very little pains, either in gratifying his demand, or opposing his re-...
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...he mistook for equanimity that which was no other than intoxication; and two whole days elapsed, before he arrived at a due sense of his misfortune. Then indeed he under-went a woeful self- examination; every circumstance of the inquiry added fresh pangs to his refl ection; and the result of the whole was a discovery, that his fortune was totally consumed, and himself reduced to a state of the most deplorable dependance. This ...
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...a patentee dares not disoblige;25 the other, insinuation, by ingratiating yourself with the manager: you must be recommended to his notice; you must cultivate his good graces with all the humility of adulation; write poems in his praise; if he be an actor, support his performance against all censure, though it should be founded upon dem-onstration; and in public coffee- houses, as well as in private parties, magnify the vir-...
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The young gentleman is introduced to a virtuoso of the fi rst order, and Hitherto Peregrine had professed himself an author, without reaping the fruits of that occupation, except the little fame he had acquired by his late satire; but now he thought it high time to weigh solid pudding against empty praise;2 and therefore en-gaged with some booksellers in a certain translation, which he obliged himself to per-form for the consideration of two hundred pounds. The articles of agreement being ...
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...street to the other, affording unspeakable satisfaction to the multitude, as well as to our hero and his introductor, who were spectators of the whole scene.Thus was our adventurer initiated in the society of Yelpers, tho? he did not as yet fully understand the nature of his offi ce, which was explained by the young physician, who chid him for his blunt behaviour in the case of the medal; and gave him to under-...
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Her ladyship having perused this production, ?Were I inclined to be suspicious, (said she) I should believe that I had no share in producing this composition, which seems to have been inspired by a much more amiable object. However, I will take your word for your intention, and thank you for the unmerited compliment, though I have met with it in such an accidental manner. Nevertheless, I must be so free as to tell you, it is now ...
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Pickle seems tolerably well reconciled to his cage; and is by the clergyman entertained with the memoirs of a noted personage, whom he sees by accident The knight had scarce fi nished this narrative, when our hero was told, that a gentle man in the coffee- room wanted to see him; and when he went thither, he found his friend Crabtree, who had transacted all his affairs, according to the deter-mination of the preceding day; and now gave him an account of the remarks he had ...
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...diately for Vienna, to make his acknowledgments to the emperor, who favoured him with a very gracious reception, promised to use his infl uence, so that he might enjoy the honours and estate of his family; and, in the mean time, acknowledged himself his debtor for four hundred thousand fl orins, which he had borrowed from his uncle. He threw himself at the feet of his august protector, expressed the most grateful sense of ...
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These associates commit an assault upon Crabtree, for which they are banished from the Fleet. Peregrine begins to feel the effects of confi nement.Our adventurer having dined at the ordinary, and in the afternoon retired to his own apartment, as usual, with his friend Cadwallader; Hatchway and his associ-ate, after they had been obliged to discuss the provision for which they had paid,1 re-newed their conference upon the old subject; and Pipes giving his mess- mate to under-...
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He receives an unexpected visit; and the clouds of misfortune begin While he pined in this forlorn condition, with an equal abhorrence of the world and himself, captain Gauntlet arrived in town, in order to employ his interest for promotion in the army; and, in consequence of his wife?s particular desire, made it his business to inquire for Peregrine, to whom he longed to be reconciled, even at the expence of a slight submission. But he could hear no tidings of him, at the place ...
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...had begun to sink, as it were, between his shoulders; and from a squeaking, dispirited tone, swelled up his voice to a clear, manly accent. Godfrey, taking advantage of this favourable change, began to regale him with prospects of future success: he reminded him of his youth and qualifi cations, which were certainly designed for better days than those he had as yet seen; he pointed out various paths, by which he might arrive at ...
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...was so averse to obligations, Mr. Hatchway should purchase of him the garison with its appendages, which, at a moderate price, would sell for more money than would be suffi cient to discharge his debts; and that, if the servile subordination of the army did not suit his inclinations, he might, with his reversion, buy a comfortable annuity, and retire with him to the country, where he might live absolutely independent, and enter-...
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This remedy produced the desired effect: unpalatable as it was, the young gentle-man no sooner recovered his breath, which was endangered by such a sudden applica-tion, than he thank?d his friend Jack for the seasonable operation he had performed; and having no longer any just reason to doubt the reality of what appealed so convinc-ingly to his senses, he shifted himself on the instant,2 not without hurry and trepida-...
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...after the widow had, in the fi rst transports of her sorrow and vexation, fairly owned, Peregrine was extremely well satisfi ed with this intelligence, by which all his doubts were dispelled, and having chearfully supped with his friends on a cold collation which his brother- in- law had brought in his chariot, they retired to rest, in different cham-bers, after Julia had met with another repulse from her capricious mother, whose over-...
Chapter the Last
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...through a spacious avenue, that extended as far as the highway, to the gate of a large chateau, of a most noble and venerable appearance, which induced them to alight and view the apartments, contrary to their fi rst intention of drinking a glass of his Octo-The rooms were every way suitable to the magnifi cence of the outside, and our hero imagined they had made a tour through the whole sweep, when the landlord gave him ...
Notes to the Text
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Preliminary announcements for the publication of The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle[.] In Which are Included, the Memoirs of a Lady of Quality appeared in the Gen-eral Advertiser for 23 January 1751 and were repeated in that newspaper on 24 and 25 January. On 7 February the announcement carried a note on the ?Memoirs of Lady Vane,? a work beyond doubt written by Smollett from materials supplied to him by ...
List of Emendations
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...[The following compounds, hyphenated at a line- end in the Georgia Edition, are hyphenated [The following compounds or possible compounds are hyphenated at a line- end in the 1751 copy- text of Peregrine Pickle. The form in which each has been given in the Georgia Edition, as listed below, represents the usual practice of the copy- text, insofar as it may be ascertained from [The following compounds or possible compounds are hyphenated at a line- end in both the ...
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...om. om.] ADVERTISEMENT. | ?At length Peregrine Pickle makes his appear-ance in a new edition, in spite of all the art and industry that were used to stifl e him in the birth, by certain booksellers and others, who were at uncommon pains to misrepresent the work and calumniate the author. ?The performance was decried as an immoral piece, and a scurrilous libel; the author was charged with having ...
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THE | ADVENTURES | OF | Peregrine Pickle. | In which are included, | MEMOIRS | OF A | LADY OF QUALITY. | [70 mm rule] | In FOUR VOLUMES. | [70 mm rule] | VOL. I. | [70 mm rule] | Respicere exemplar vit? morumque jubebo | Doctum imitatorem, & veras hinc ducere voces. | Hor. | [70 mm double rule] | LONDON: | Printed for the AUTHOR: | And sold by D. Wilson, at Plato?s Head, near | Round- Court, in the Strand, | MDCCLI,...
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Page Count: 904
Illustrations: 34 b&w illus.
Publication Year: 2014
Series Title: The Works of Tobias Smollett