Cold War Dixie
Publication Year: 2013
The SRP's story is notably dramatic; however, Frederickson argues, it is far from unique. The influx of new money, new workers, and new business practices stemming from Cold War-era federal initiatives helped drive the emergence of the Sunbelt. These factors also shaped local race relations. In the case of the SRP, DuPont's deeply conservative ethos blunted opportunities for social change, but it also helped contain the radical white backlash that was so prominent in places like the Mississippi Delta that received less Cold War investment.
Published by: University of Georgia Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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List of Illustrations
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One does not successfully conclude a twelve- year scholarly journey without racking up a lot of debts. So it is with this project. First and foremost, this book would not have been possible without the generosity of the former employees of the Savannah River Plant / Site and of the residents of Aiken and Granite-ville who shared their insights with me about the impact of the Cold War on ...
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Open any South Carolina highway map and you will fi nd standard features—blue highways and roads, black railroad lines, dotted lines denoting county boundaries, red fl ags marking schools and hospitals, green parks and golf courses. Near the state’s western border, though, is a massive blank space la-beled “The Savannah River Site—U.S. Department of Energy.” Covering ap-...
One. “This Most Essential Task”: The Decision to Build the Super
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It was routine. On September 3, 1949, a U.S. Air Force wb- 29 fl ying east of the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Soviet Union on a secret detection fl ight picked up radioactivity in its fi lters. The suspect sample was sent to Tracerlab at the University of California at Berkeley, which confi rmed a man- made device. For the following two weeks, American scientists tracked the radioactive air mass ...
Two. A Varied Landscape: Geography and Culture in the Savannah River Valley
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Geography and environment played a critical role in bringing the new atomic weapons plant to western South Carolina. The temperature and purity of the Savannah River and the superior drainage qualities of the region’s sandy soil had rendered the area closer to ideal than any other location for this new project, securing South Carolina a place on the far reaches of the expanding ...
Three. “A Land Doomed and Damned”: The Costs of Militarization
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Everyone knew there were strangers in their midst. In the late summer of 1950, residents of Ellenton, South Carolina, population 739, had spotted men surveying the land, boring into the earth, taking soil samples here and there. “What was their business?” locals asked themselves. Ellenton schoolteacher Louise Cassels later recalled that “speculations fl ew over the community like ...
Four. “Bigger’n Any Lie”: Building the Bomb Plant
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Pondering the vast construction project under way in rural South Carolina, one local reporter speculated breathlessly on its engineering and technological implications as well as its historical meaning. “The Plant is a Clark Hill dam, a Panama Canal, an Egyptian pyramid, and television,” he wrote, “all rolled into one enormous package that means the future of America.” While over-...
Five. Rejecting the Garrison State: National Priorities and Local Limitations
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Between 1950 and 1953, nearly 40,000 temporary and 6,000 permanent em-ployees and their families—almost 180,000 persons in all—poured into the relatively sparsely populated three- county region that played host to the Sa-vannah River Plant (srp). Many of these new residents chose to live close to the city of Aiken, in South Carolina, some thirteen miles from the plant. State ...
Six. “Better Living”: Life in a Cold War Company Town
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Born in the Horse Creek Valley village of Graniteville in 1936, Ronnie Bry-ant’s life followed the pattern typical of most valley boys. His family worked in textiles, and he fi gured he would do the same when he became an adult. When he entered Leavell McCampbell High School in 1950, word came from the Atomic Energy Commission (aec) that Du Pont Corporation was going ...
Seven. Shifting Landscapes: Politics and Race in a Cold War Community
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From 1941 to 1948, Aiken County was represented in the South Carolina state senate by Fred Brinkley, a physician from the tiny town of Ellenton. In addition to being one of the town’s two doctors, Brinkley was also a part- time farmer and owner of the one of the town’s gristmills. A longtime resident of Ellenton, Brinkley was closely tied to the region’s agricultural rhythms and was active in ...
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The 1980s brought signifi cant changes for the Savannah River Plant (srp). The partial meltdown of a reactor core at the Three Mile Island plant near Har-risburg, Pennsylvania, in 1979 created a climate of increased fear and trepida-tion regarding the nuclear power industry. Although it is considered the worst nuclear accident in U.S. history, the events at Three Mile Island did not result ...
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A Common Thread: Labor, Politics, and Capital Mobility in the Textile Industry“Everybody Was Black Down There”: Race and Industrial Change in the Alabama Coalfi eldsRace, Reason, and Massive Resistance: The Diary of David J. Mays, 1954–1959The Unemployed People’s Movement: Left ists, Liberals, and Labor in Georgia, 1929–1941Liberalism, Black Power, and the Making of American Politics, 1965–1980...
Page Count: 256
Illustrations: 12 b&w photos, 2 maps
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Politics and Culture in the Twentieth-Century South