The Long, Lingering Shadow
Slavery, Race, and Law in the American Hemisphere
Publication Year: 2013
Ranging across such topics as slavery, emancipation, scientific racism, immigration policies, racial classifications, and legal processes, Cottrol unravels a complex odyssey. By the eve of the Civil War, the U.S. slave system was rooted in a legal and cultural foundation of racial exclusion unmatched in the Western Hemisphere. That system’s legacy was later echoed in Jim Crow, the practice of legally mandated segregation. Jim Crow in turn caused leading Latin Americans to regard their nations as models of racial equality because their laws did not mandate racial discrimination— a belief that masked very real patterns of racism throughout the Americas. And yet, Cottrol says, if the United States has had a history of more-rigid racial exclusion, since the Second World War it has also had a more thorough civil rights revolution, with significant legal victories over racial discrimination. Cottrol explores this remarkable transformation and shows how it is now inspiring civil rights activists throughout the Americas.
Published by: University of Georgia Press
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...i have accumulated many debts in the writing of this book. My prior training and writing had been in the legal and social history of the United States. I owe a big debt to a number of friends and colleagues who are students of Latin American history, law, and society and who took the time to read some of the chapters dealing with Latin America and to off er ...
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...this book is an effort to broaden our current conversation on law and race. In the United States, the discussion on law and race has, in my view, tended to focus too narrowly on the American experience. Th is is perhaps understandable. Th e law in the United States has played a clear, undeniable role both in the construction of the American system of racial inequality ...
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...between the columbian voyages of the late fi ft eenth century and 1867, when the last slave ship from Africa landed in Cuba, nearly 1.3 million people were forcibly transported from West Africa to Spainâs American empire. Th is migration was part of the Atlantic slave trade, the largest forced transfer of human beings in world history. Th e viceroyalties and ...
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...you may not recognize the title, but you are probably familiar with the melody to Ary Barrosoâs âAquarela do Brasil.â Hollywood â Disney, to be a bit more precise â changed the title to âBrazilâ and gave the song a few of those June/moon/soon lyrics so beloved by songwriters and juke-box afi cionados a few generations ago. But Barrosoâs original words had ...
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...no event better illustrates the difference between the Brazilian Empire and the young American republic than the Dred Scott case. Applauded and reviled at the time it was handed down, Chief Justice Roger B. Taneyâs opinion has vexed generations of students of the Supreme Court and the American Constitution. Most modern commentators agree ...
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...sentilde.scora mariacute.sca magdalena lamadrid, âPochaâ to her friends, is a fi ft h- generation Argentine. On August 22, 2002, at 10:00 in the morning, she went to Ezeiza Airport, Buenos Airesâs principal airport for international travel. She was planning to attend a conference in Panama honoring Martin Luther King Jr. When she presented her documents to airport of-...
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...long before princess isabel took a golden pen and signed the law that ended Brazilian slavery, even before the Viscount of Rio Branco sponsored the law of the free womb, the dream of a white Brazil settled by industrious and intelligent Europeans and freed from the problematic presence of large Afro- American and Indian populations was a strong one. JosÃ© BonifÃ¡cio, a ...
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...latin american statesmen such as Brazilâs Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca and Argentinaâs Domingo Faustino Sarmiento spent much of the latter part of the nineteenth century pondering how to turn their nations into European societies. Th ey hoped to do so in part through laws that pro-moted European immigration and legal measures that suppressed African ...
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...no event better illustrates the determination of Americans in the fi rst decade of the twenty- fi rst century to turn their backs on the twentieth- century legacy of Jim Crow than the election of Barack Hussein Obama as president on November 4, 2008. Many Americans, including many who indicated that they had not voted for him, expressed satisfaction at the ...
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...that sea change that did so much to transform the world of race and caste in the United States was in part a product of a long- standing American discomfort with the idea of inequality. Th e United States was the land without class distinctions, the nation of equals, the home of Jeff ersonian democracy, the republic ruled by the common man. Much ...
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...for many civil rights activists in the Spanish- speaking nations of the Americas, that 2008 agreement between Brazil and the United States was welcome news. Since the 1980s, Afro- Latin community activists had become increasingly vocal in their eff orts to combat entrenched patterns of racial exclusion. Th eir eff orts were being aided by growing international ...
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...the q.scuestion of how best to address enduring legacies of racial exclusion is not confi ned to the Spanish- speaking nations of the hemi-sphere. It is the problem of race in the Americas in the twenty- fi rst cen-tury. Th e answer is by no means clear, and even our preceding discus-sion of race and law in the history of the Americas provides us with no ...
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Page Count: 360
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Studies in the Legal History of the South