Norm Dynamics in Multilateral Arms Control
Interests, Conflicts, and Justice
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Georgia Press
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Norm dynamics in multilateral arms control : interests, confl icts, ...
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This book is the fi nal product of a multiyear research project in which many more people participated than fi gure as authors here—and this number alone is considerable. The research was fi rst funded by the German Research Asso-ciation (dfg), then by the Cluster of Excellence “Th e Formation of Normative Orders” at Goethe University Frankfurt. We are grateful for this support....
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City in April 1995, I was sitting on the backbench of the German delegation to the Review and Extension Conference of the parties to the Nuclear Non- Proliferation Treaty (npt), proudly serving as an “expert advisor” on my coun-try’s negotiation team. Listening to the general debate, the fi rst phase of the conference, it suddenly occurred to me that at every turn delegates were speak-...
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This chapter elaborates our understanding of “norms,” introduces the concept of “norm dynamics,” and establishes the central role of norm con-testedness/contestability for the dynamic evolution of norms and regimes. We deal with individual norms here, but even more so with regimes as “sets of prin-ciples, norms, rules and decision- making procedures” (Krasner 1983, 2), be-...
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E.scfforts to control the spread of and eventually eliminate biological (bw), chemical (cw), and nuclear weapons (nw) are referred to under the gen-eral heading “weapons of mass destruction” (wmd) regimes. Although the ef-fects of and the opportunities to defend against these types of weapons dif-fer widely, the global discourse has lumped them together as indiscriminate, ...
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The decade of “human security” was in many respects constitu-tive for humanitarian arms control in the 1990s (Shaw, MacLean, and Black 2006, 3). The change in security policy perspectives that unfolded during this period encouraged new forms of arms control and disarmament. The 1997 Anti- Personnel Mine Ban Treaty (mbt), also called the Ottawa Convention, the ...
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War Is, as M.scartin van Creveld (1991, 1) puts it, “completely permeated by technology and governed by it.” Technological innovations, be it through in-creasing precision, lethality and range of weapons, or decreased defensibility against them, have led to an increase in the destructiveness of war that culmi-nated in the “mechanised slaughter of the twentieth- century confl icts” (Monin ...
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B.scoth long- term trends in the international system and individual events, shocks, or traumas of a certain magnitude hold potential for triggering norm change in arms control regimes. They might challenge dominant ideas and ideological paradigms, put new issues on the table that call for collective action, alter cost- benefi t calculations of member states, or shake the interna-...
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Theories of international relations conventionally regard great powers as the most important actors in international politics. Research on norms, however, has placed little emphasis on their activities (see chapter 1). Research on great powers, in turn, has for the most part neglected the role of norms and focused mainly on material aspects. Highlighting the role of the ...
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...mer Australian foreign minister Gareth Evans in the late 1980s (Hanson 1999, 1). It denotes states that conduct an ethically motivated foreign policy that blends realist with idealist prescriptions and places internationalism and the “common good” ahead of the pursuit of narrow material interests (e.g., Linklater 2007, 63). In Evans’s understanding, such a foreign policy would be inextricably linked ...
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...stricted to analyzing actors engaged in the promotion of supposedly “good” norms and working toward reproducing or incrementally reforming the preva-lent normative order with a view to enhance its quality and effi ciency (see chap-ter 1)—their attitude may thus be described as affi rmative. Yet, as “agents of social change” (Björkdahl 2002, 45), norm entrepreneurs oft en take an opposi-...
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...sidering the role of non state actors who have acquired a reputation as seri-ous players in International Relations (Keck and Sikkink 1998; Björkdahl 2002, 45–51). The growth of transnational civil society, as well as international insti-tutions above the state level, and its international impact has been one of the characteristics of the era of globalization. The term denotes, for our fi eld, inter-...
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The concluding chapter draws together the results of our empirical in-vestigations with a view to understanding the interaction between the various factors infl uencing norm evolution or stagnation. It starts with a description of the various modes in which norm change takes place in the regimes (sec-tion two). It then considers the impact of norm confl icts, notably those with ...
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Page Count: 400
Illustrations: 2 tables
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Studies in Security and International Affairs