Integrating the 40 Acres
The Fifty-Year Struggle for Racial Equality at the University of Texas
Publication Year: 2006
Published by: University of Georgia Press
Download PDF (82.0 KB)
In October 1956, a faculty committee chose African American Barbara Smith to play the female lead in a University of Texas production of the opera Dido and Aeneas. Because the committee had chosen two white men to play the male lead, the opera would have an interracial cast. After Texas legislator Jerry Sadler learned of the casting, he demanded Smith's removal ...
Download PDF (123.7 KB)
For many of Texas’s African American (and Mexican American) citizens, the opportunity for life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness has constituted merely a fleeting dream. The history of African Americans in what is now Texas dates back to 1528, when two men, Estevan, a black Moor of Azamor in Morocco, and an unnamed slave of Captain Andrés Dorantes landed. Both men ...
1. African Americans at the School of Law
Download PDF (192.5 KB)
When the University of Texas School of Law opened in 1881, there was little need for a discussion about whether African Americans would be allowed to attend the school: southerners’ insistence on strict racial segregation made it a moot point. The University of Texas would remain a school for white Texans and white professors such as W. S. Simkins, who had served as a first ...
2. Desegregation of Educational Facilities
Download PDF (173.6 KB)
In February 1951, Oliver Brown, an employee of the Santa Fe Railroad and an assistant pastor from Topeka, Kansas, filed suit against the Topeka Board of Education on behalf of his nine-year-old daughter, Linda. Brown’s suit focused on the fact that Topeka segregated its schoolchildren on the basis of their race and that African American children, who had to cross railroad ...
3. Desegregation on and off Campus
Download PDF (655.6 KB)
In the fall of 1963, African American UT student Ed Guinn walked into Raymond’s Drugstore on the Drag to cash a check, a service the store routinely provided to UT students. But when Guinn walked in, the white man at the counter said that the store did not cash checks for Negroes. Guinn replied that the store had cashed checks for white students and thus should do ...
4. Dormitory Integration
Download PDF (190.6 KB)
On a cold December evening in 1963, twenty-five members of the Campus Interracial Committee staged an “orderly” demonstration in front of Kinsolving Hall, a women’s dormitory that had opened a few years earlier to ease the overcrowding in women’s housing. The new dorm was the pride of the University of Texas, and its most famous resident was President Lyndon ...
5. Black Integration of the Athletic Program
Download PDF (189.9 KB)
History was made in the spring of 1962 at the Texas Memorial Stadium. During the annual Texas Relays track meet, spectators could sit wherever they wanted in the stands, without regard to race. In addition, all-black schools were for the first time permitted to compete. Previous university policy set by the Board of Regents had permitted African American athletes to enter ...
6. Desegregation from 1964 to the Present
Download PDF (136.3 KB)
In April 1964, Volma Overton—president of the Austin branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People—held a “speak-in” at an Austin City Council meeting. With the help of Claude Allen, a white English professor at Huston-Tillotson College, the two men staged a filibuster in an attempt to force the City Council to consider a ban against ...
Download PDF (94.2 KB)
On September 29, 1992, two white Texans, Cheryl J. Hopwood of Universal City and Stephanie C. Haynes of Austin, filed a lawsuit in U.S. District Court against the University of Texas School of Law, charging that they were being denied the constitutional guarantee of equal protection under the law after the UT Law School rejected their applications while admitting what Hopwood ...
Download PDF (257.8 KB)
Download PDF (158.1 KB)
Download PDF (386.2 KB)
Page Count: 232
Illustrations: 10 b&w photos
Publication Year: 2006