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The White Rose

Munich, 1942-1943

Inge Scholl

Publication Year: 1983

The White Rose tells the story of Hans Scholl and Sophie Scholl, who in 1942 led a small underground organization of German students and professors to oppose the atrocities committed by Hitler and the Nazi Party. They named their group the White Rose, and they distributed leaflets denouncing the Nazi regime. Sophie, Hans, and a third student were caught and executed.

Written by Inge Scholl (Han's and Sophie's sister), The White Rose features letters, diary excerpts, photographs of Hans and Sophie, transcriptions of the leaflets, and accounts of the trial and execution. This is a gripping account of courage and morality.

CONTRIBUTORS: Dorthe Solle.

Published by: Wesleyan University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

Illustrations

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pp. vii-viii

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Introduction: The Legacy of the White Rose

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pp. ix-xiv

I recall an overcast early spring afternoon when I climbed over the stone wall that separated our garden from our neighbors. I recall my playmate's anxiousness to tell me the news about some university...

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The White Rose

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pp. 3-71

In the warm springlike days of early February after the Battle of Stalingrad I was riding in a commuter train from Munich to Solln. Next to me in the railway compartment sat two Party members who were discussing in whispers the latest news from Munich. "Down With Hitler!" had been...

Leaflets of the White Rose

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pp. 73-

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The First Leaflet

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pp. 73-76

Nothing is so unworthy of a civilized nation as allowing itself to be "governed" without opposition by an irresponsible clique that has yielded to base instinct. It is certain that today every..

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The Second Leaflet

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pp. 77-80

It is impossible to engage in intellectual discourse with National Socialism because it is not an intellectually defensible program. It is false to speak of a National Socialist philosophy,...

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The Third Leaflet

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pp. 81-84

All ideal forms of government are Utopias. A state cannot be constructed on a purely theoretical basis; rather, it must grow and ripen in the way an individual human being matures. But we must not forget that at the starting point of every...

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The Fourth Leaflet

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pp. 85-88

There is an ancient maxim that we repeat to our children: "He who won't listen will have to feel." But a wise child will not burn his fingers the second time on a hot stove. In the past...

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Leaflet of the Resistance

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pp. 89-90

A Call to All Germans! The war is approaching its destined end. As in the year 1918, the German government is trying to focus attention exclusively on the growing threat of submarine warfare, while in the East the...

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The Last Leaflet

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pp. 91-93

Fellow Fighters in the Resistance! Shaken and broken, our people behold the loss of the men of Stalingrad. Three hundred and thirty thousand German men...

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Concluding Remarks (1969)

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pp. 94-104

This book was written in 1947 for use in the schools, for adolescents from the age of thirteen to eighteen. It was addressed to the young people who had grown up in the Hitler Youth and...

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Documents

DOCUMENT 1. Indictment of Hans and Sophie Scholl and Christoph Probst as drawn up by the Reich Attorney General to the People's...

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1. Indictment of Hans and Sophie Scholl and Christoph Probst

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pp. 105-113

...Hans Fritz Scholl of Munich, born September 22, 1918, in Ingersheim, single, no previous convictions, taken...

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2. Sentence of Hans and Sophie Scholl and Christoph Probst

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pp. 114-118

DOCUMENT 2. Transcript of the Sentence of Hans and Sophie Scholl and Christoph Probst, February 22, 1943...

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3. Sentence of Alexander Schrnorell, Kurt Huber, Wilhelm Graf, and Others

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pp. 119-137

DOCUMENT 3. Transcript of the Sentence of Alexander Schmorell, Kurt Huber, Wilhelm Graf, and Others Associated with the...

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4. Letter from Else Gebel

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pp. 138-147

DOCUMENT 4. Letter from Else Gebel, November 1946, to the Scholl Family Relating the Events and Scenes of Hans and Sophie...

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5. "Death Sentences," from Münchner Neueste Nachrichten

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pp. 148-

DOCUMENT 5. Article in the Munchener Neueste Nachrichten for Monday, February 22, 1943, Reporting the Sentencing and Execution...

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6. "Just Punishment of Traitors," from Völkischer Beobachter

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pp. 149-150

DOCUMENT 6. Article in the Volkischer Beobachter, Munich edition, for Wednesday, April 21, 1943, Reporting the Sentencing of Alexander...

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7. Letter from Bishop Berggrav (excerpt page 151)

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pp. 151-

DOCUMENT 7. Extract From a Letter from Bishop Berggrav, Oslo, to Inge Scholl, September 30, 1952, Relating How He Received...

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8. Broadcast from "German Listeners" by Thomas Mann

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pp. 152-153

DOCUMENT 8. Excerpt from the Radio Series "German Listeners" ("Deutsche Horer") by Thomas Mann, June 27, 1943, Referring to...

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9. Leaflet of the National Committee for a Free Germany

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pp. 154-157

DOCUMENT 9. Text of a Leaflet Issued by the National Committee for a Free Germany, Addressed to the German Fighting Forces on the Eastern...

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10. Letter from Kurt R. Grossman

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pp. 158-159

DOCUMENT 10. Extract from a Letter from Kurt R. Grossmann,* New York, to Inge Scholl, Describing the Mass Meeting Held in New York in 1943, to Pay Tribute to the Six Victims of...

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11. Address by President Theodor Heuss (excerpt)

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pp. 160-

DOCUMENT 11. Extract from the Address by President Heuss of the Federal Republic of Germany to the Students of Berlin and Munich...


E-ISBN-13: 9780819572721
Print-ISBN-13: 9780819560865

Page Count: 176
Publication Year: 1983

Edition: 2d ed. Originally published as Students Against Tyranny. Trans. from the German