Aymara Indian Perspectives on Development in the Andes
Publication Year: 2013
In Aymara Indian Perspectives on Development in the Andes, Amy Eisenberg provides a detailed exploration of the ethnoecological dimensions of the tension between the Aymara, whose economic, spiritual, and social life are inextricably tied to land and water, and three major challenges: the paving of Chile Highway 11, the diversion of the Altiplano waters of the Río Lauca for irrigation and power-generation, and Chilean national park policies regarding Aymara communities, their natural resources, and cultural properties within Parque Nacional Lauca, the International Biosphere Reserve.
Pursuing collaborative research, Eisenberg performed ethnographic interviews with Aymara people in more than sixteen Andean villages, some at altitudes of 4,600 meters. Drawing upon botany, agriculture, natural history, physical and cultural geography, history, archaeology and social and environmental impact assessment, she presents deep, multifaceted insights from the Aymara’s point of view.
Illustrated with maps and dramatic photographs by John Amato, Aymara Indian Perspectives on Development provides an account of indigenous perspectives and concerns related to economic development that will be invaluable to scholars and policy-makers in the fields of natural and cultural resource preservation in and beyond Chile.
Published by: The University of Alabama Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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This book presents our participatory ethnographic research and partnership with the Ay mara indians in the Andes of north ern Chile that began in 1998 in an at-tempt to understand Ay mara indian perspectives on development within their sacred geography. Together, we developed a study design that would engage Ay-mara people directly in the assessment of their cultural and natural resources ...
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Nayax Aymar arst’irinakar yuspagartwa. i give great thanks to the Ay mara people—my teachers and friends—for their kindness, patience, active participation, and Nayax yuspagarsmaw to superb Ay mara linguists Juan de Dios yapita and Awki, Justo llanque- Chana, for their friendship and invaluable expertise in Aymar aru. sincere thanks to Dr. martha J. hardman for inspiring me to aruskipaña (com-...
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The Ay mara indians of region Xv, Arica y Parinacota, and i collaborated on an Andean ethnoeco logi cal investigation that documents Ay mara indian perspec-tives on development within the Ay mara cultural landscape of north ern Chile. from 1998 to 1999, we carried out a social and environmental impact assess-ment as well as a needs assessment in the extreme north of Chile to evaluate and ...
Chapter 1. The Aymara: Pre and Post-Columbian History
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Tarapaca, also known as Tunupa (rivera 1991:28), Thunupa, or Tuapaca, was an Ay mara deity. The indians say that he had such great power that he changed hills into valleys and from valleys made great hills, causing streams to flow from living stone. They called him maker of all things created, father of the sun who gave being to men and animals. Tarapaca traveled north along the highlands giv-...
Chapter 2. The Aymara Community Today
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The present- day realities of Ay mara life are most effectively understood through knowledge of Ay mara history, which is a profound source for understanding the people and their responses to development within their mountainous realm. The Ay mara look to their history and the ways their people have lived and struggled for centuries in order to orient future action. Nayrapacha means the past is pre-...
Chapter 3. Jaqin Uraqpachat Amuyupa - Aymara Cosmovision
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Jaqin Uraqpachat Amuyupa is the Ay mara people’s thinking about the world ( Justino llanque- Chana, personal communication, 26 April 2002). The Ay mara, who for centuries have lived in one of the most extraordinary landscapes on earth, amid glaciated peaks and active volcanoes, have developed and continue to sustain a relationship of mutual respect and exchange with the earth. The Ay-...
Chapter 4. The Aymara Cultural Landscape
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...north ern Chile is a land of diversity, with its verdant, irrigated agricultural coastal valleys; the expansive, virtually rainless Atacama Desert; and the high plateau or Altiplano, with its rising, perpetually snow- covered volcanoes. region Xv, com-prising the provinces of Arica and Parinacota, encompasses the Pacific coastal plains, the Cordillera de la Costa, the Desert Pampa, the Andean foothills, the ...
Chapter 5. Social and Environmental Impact Assessment
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Chile has become the most vibrant economy in south America, but economic growth has come at a significant cost to the country’s natural resource base and environment (World resources institute 1994:242). The social and environ-mental impacts of highway development, national park establishment, and wa-ter diversion for hydroelectricity, irrigation, and mining on the Ay mara com-...
Chapter 6. Aymara Responses to a Changing Environment
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K’utarapxiw quqanakasxa, ukatxa phichantapxarakiw, quqa tunu lawanaks jik’irapxi, ukatsi janipuniw jik’supkit qhuya tunu saphanakasxa.“one should take pride in one’s land and culture. There is a popu lar saying in Aymara, ‘They cut our branches, they burn our leaves, they pull out our trunks . . . but never could they overtake our roots.’ This was addressed to the ...
Chapter 7. Conclusion
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...“Water is a human right” and “no one may be deprived of water,” the Ay mara president of bolivia, Evo morales, declared at the Third World Water forum (2006:22–23). he then asked, why are mining, logging, electric, and municipal companies plundering the water resources of indigenous communities? We must concretely and effectively support the Ay mara in protecting their environment ...
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Page Count: 279
Illustrations: 38 illustrations
Publication Year: 2013
Series Editor Byline: John Smith, Will Wordsworth