Connections after Colonialism
Europe and Latin America in the 1820s
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: The University of Alabama Press
Title Page, Copyright
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Introduction: Between the Age of Atlantic Revolutions and the Age of Empire
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The decade of the 1820s occupies an uneasy place in the imagination of those historians who study the relationship—political, economic, and cultural—between Europe and Latin America.1 The dominant image is one of rupture: the dramatic disaggregation of the Iberian empires in the crucible of turmoil wrought by two decades of war. ...
1. Themes and Tensions in a Contradictory Decade: Ibero-America as a Multiplicity of States
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The most striking feature of the 1820s is the formation of independent Ibero-American states. This represented a lasting blow to the counter-revolutionary structures put in place at the Congress of Vienna of 1814–1815. Despite counter-revolutionary interventions in Italy and Spain in 1822 and 1823, the continental European monarchies ...
2. Rafael del Riego and the Spanish Origins of the Nineteenth-Century Mexican Pronunciamiento
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In James Dunkerley’s unorthodox study of the Americas around 1850, he decided to include Ireland’s history alongside that of Spanish America, Brazil, and the United States in what he termed the “Atlantic Space.” For Dunkerley there was nothing arbitrary about this decision: “My support . . . for the idea that Ireland is really an American country ...
3. Include and Rule: The Limits of Liberal Colonial Policy, 1810–1837
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The central aim of these pages is to understand the meaning and the limits of the efforts, made by Spanish liberals in the years 1810–1814 and 1820– 1823, to give new life to an exhausted empire. Although in the end it was incapable of this, Spanish liberalism attempted to halt the unstoppable progress of the third great decolonization process ...
4. Entangled Patriotisms: Italian Liberals and Spanish America in the 1820s
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The 1820s represented a period of defeat and setbacks for the Italian revolutionary movement. The failure of the 1820–1821 revolutions in Turin, Milan, and Naples, in the face of international intervention and repression, marked the end of a whole generation’s dreams of introducing constitutional charters and their frustrated (though vague) designs ...
5. The Brazilian Origins of the 1826 Portuguese Constitution
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The decade of the 1820s witnessed an explosion of constitution-making. Many constitutions proliferated, but few were implemented, and a miniscule number survived for long before being toppled or significantly amended. In the extended improvisation that accompanied the transition from Old Regime to new regimes throughout the Atlantic world, ...
6. An American System: The North American Union and Latin America in the 1820s
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The people of the North American union had reason to identify with the links Latin Americans cultivated with the Old World in the 1820s. Like their “southern brethren,” as James Monroe called them in his famous 1823 message, the inhabitants of the United States found that political independence did not mean isolation, ...
7. The Chilean Irishman Bernardo O’Higgins and the Independence of Peru
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Bernardo O’Higgins Riquelme was born in 1778 in Chillán, Chile. He died in Lima in 1842. His active public life spanned the crucial transformative decades of the age of revolution, and he was one of the examples cited by Eric Hobsbawm in his seminal work on the subject.1 ...
8. Corinne in the Andes: European Advice for Women in 1820s Argentina and Chile
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I take the title of this chapter from the words of the anonymous author of A Five Years’ Residence in Buenos Aires, during the Years 1820–1825: Containing Remarks on the Country and Inhabitants, who conjures up the image of a Spanish American answer to the European literary figure of Corinne.1 ...
9. Heretics, Cadavers, and Capitalists: European Foreigners in Venezuela during the 1820s
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The night of December 8, 1825, was a very bad one for Colonel Feudenthal. A German aristocrat, he had come to Venezuela during the war years and fought for the republican cause. He settled in Venezuela and lost himself in the shameful habits of drinking and gambling. On the night in question, he got into a fight with Luis Stahl. ...
10. Porteño Liberals and Imperialist Emissaries in the Rio de la Plata: Rivadavia and the British
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In their introduction, Gabriel Paquette and Matthew Brown stressed continuity and transition—the taints of the past and the markers of the future—as the principal features of the 1820s in Latin America. Following emancipation, transatlantic contacts prolonged ties with Western Europe and “resurgent empire” ...
11. “There Is No Doubt That We Are under Threat by the Negroes of Santo Domingo”: The Specter of Haiti in the Spanish Caribbean in the 1820s
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In discussing events in the Caribbean during the era of Atlantic revolutions, it is only relatively recently, in historiographical terms, that the slave uprising of Saint-Domingue has taken its rightful place, sandwiched between North America’s war for independence in 1775 and the emergence of Latin American republics from 1810 to 1825. ...
12. Bartolomé de las Casas and the Slave Trade to Cuba circa 1820
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Was it the age of revolution or the axial age? The global upheavals that took place from the later eighteenth century until the middle of the nineteenth unleashed apparently contradictory political, economic, and social transformations that reshaped but did not terminate the connections between Europe and Latin America. ...
13. The 1820s in Perspective: The Bolivarian Decade
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The Atlantic world changed but did not end in the 1820s. The chapters in this book make that very clear: imperial relationships were reconfigured and new political practices, such as the pronunciamiento, were born. The anticolonial and international wars that shook the Atlantic world in the period 1790–1820 morphed into civil wars, ...
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Matthew Brown is a reader in Latin American studies at the University of Bristol. He is writing a short history of Latin America’s relationship with global empires since independence. ...
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Page Count: 384
Publication Year: 2012
Series Title: Atlantic Crossings
Series Editor Byline: Rafe Blaufarb