Populism in Latin America
Publication Year: 2012
Jorge Basurto / Michael L. Conniff / Paul W. Drake / Steve Ellner / Joel Horowitz /
Kenneth M. Roberts / W. Frank Robinson /Ximena Sosa / Steve Stein / Kurt Weyland
Published by: The University of Alabama Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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List of Illustrations
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Preface / Kenneth Roberts
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...few po liti cal phenomena are as adaptable and resilient as populism in Latin America. Political opponents and detractors routinely proclaim populism’s de-mise, if not its extinction, reflecting a belief, perhaps, that populism is rooted in his tori cal po liti cal and economic conditions that are no longer present in the region. “Modern” Latin America, it is of ten thought, holds no place for such ...
Introduction / Michael L. Conniff
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Looking back upon Latin Ameri can politics in the last century, we can see cer-tain patterns in leadership styles. in some countries, mili tary dictators predomi-nated. in others, old- fashioned parliamentarians rose to commanding positions. occasionally a reformer or socialist gained dominance in the po liti cal arena. in all, Latin America displayed a wide variety of leaders of all stripes....
1. Populism and Its Legacies in Argentina / Joel Horowitz
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Populism and its aftermath have dominated the po liti cal history of modern Argentina. Much of the style and rheto ric of politics derives from populism. More important, some seemingly unbridgeable schisms in today’s society can be traced directly to populism. While popu list movements attracted the sup-port of masses of people, they simultaneously repelled major sectors of society. ...
2. Brazil’s Populist Republic and Beyond / Michael L. Conniff
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Populism began late in brazil because entrenched antidemocratic po liti cal lead-ers resisted opening up the system to broader participation. but by midcentury populism reached a fever pitch. During the 1950s nearly a dozen fig ures fought for national office in popu list fashion, and they left a major imprint on the po-liti cal culture. The mili tary takeover of 1964 brought the demise of the so- called ...
3. Chile’s Populism Reconsidered, 1920s–1990s / Paul W. Drake
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When Chile returned to democracy at the end of the 1980s, some politicians and social scientists feared that populism would be unleashed. They were ap-prehensive that it might bring destabilizing and inflationary campaigns for mass mobilization and redistribution. Despite their worries, populism failed to cap-ture center stage, reflecting its historic weakness in Chile. This essay will exam-...
4. Populism in Mexico: From Cárdenas to López Obrador / Jorge Basurto
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At its very core, Mexican populism addressed the needs of the people, mainly the poorest classes. Popu list policies made the masses winners in the po liti cal game, rather than losers. Popu lists provided more opportunities for the masses to improve their lives. Unlike the neoliberals who govern Mexico today, popu-lists spoke for government action to achieve a more equitable distribution of ...
5. The Paths to Populism in Peru / Steve Stein
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Populism arose in Peru in the 1930s to fill a need for a more modern, inclusive politics for the masses. The old regime could no longer respond to the powerful social and economic changes brought on by urbanization after World War i. This was especially true in and around the capital of Lima. The old po liti cal elite The early 1930s witnessed the rise of two strong popu list movements, the ...
6. The Heyday of Radical Populism in Venezuela and Its Reappearance / Steve Ellner
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The story of populism in venezuela centers on one movement and to a cer-tain extent on one man, Rómulo betancourt, the maximum leader of the party called Acción Democrática (Democratic Action—AD) for many decades. The party’s precursor or ga ni za tions began among exiled students during the dicta-torial regime of Juan vicente Gómez in the 1930s. At first heavily Marxist in ...
7. Populism in Ecuador: From José M. Velasco Ibarra to Rafael Correa / Ximena Sosa
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Ecuador has had the second- most intense experience of populism after brazil. however, Ecuador does not fit the typical mold of Latin Ameri can populism nor does the country display all of its characteristics. While the chapter discusses two recent popu list presidents, Jaime Roldós and Lucio Gutiérrez, it concen-trates on three fig ures who have dominated the Ecuadorian po liti cal scene since ...
8. Panama for the Panamanians: The Populism of Arnulfo Arias Madrid / William Francis Robinson
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...on August 17, 1988, hundreds of thousands of Panamanians jammed the streets of the capital city to pay tribute to their most prominent and controversial leader in this century, Arnulfo Arias Madrid. his death a week earlier in Miami raised concerns for the ruling mili tary government. Gen. Manuel Antonio noriega braced himself for the antigovernment demonstrations he believed would fol-...
9. Populism in the Age of Neoliberalism / Kurt Weyland
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At the beginning of the 1980s, Latin Ameri cans could look back upon a long history of popu list politics. but did populism have a future in the region? The mili tary regimes of the 1960s and 1970s tried to exorcise it on the grounds that it incited instability and radi calism. Would the economic crises of the 1980s deal it the coup de grâce? Popu list leaders had always built support by distrib-...
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Page Count: 240
Illustrations: 8 illus.
Publication Year: 2012
Edition: 2nd ed.