The Will to Win
American Military Advisors in Korea, 1946-1953
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: The University of Alabama Press
List of Illustrations
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I served in Korea as an army officer for two and a half years, from 1997 to 2000. I found Korea to be a dynamic and industrious country and the Korean people to be kind and respectful. The older generation especially . . .
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A Note on Transliteration
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The romanization of Korean words has defied consistency. Contemporary documents tend to reflect the McCune-Reischauer system, developed in the 1930s, though they generally omit diacritical marks. Although diacritics . . .
Introduction: Forgotten Soldiers of a Misunderstood War
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When the conventional forces of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea attacked across the 38th North parallel on June 25, 1950, the war for Korea had been in progress already for nearly four years. In many respects, this . . .
1. The American Occupation, September 1945 - December 1946
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At the end of the Second World War, the United States began an open-ended political and military commitment in Korea. Here the United States experienced its shortest and least successful postwar occupation while it . . .
2. The War of Subversion, 1947 - 1948
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The failure of the Moscow Conference in December 1945 to produce a coherent allied policy acceptable to all resulted in deep fissures across the political spectrum. All political parties in the south denounced the Moscow . . .
3. The Limited War, 1949 - 1950
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The suppression of the Yosu-S unchon mutiny ended the first campaign of the Korean civil war that began with the Cheju-do uprising in April, but it did not end the internal discontent and turmoil that Bruce Cumings terms . . .
4. The Evolving Structure and Functions of the Military Missions, 1948 - 1950
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It is impossible to understand the combat performance of the Korean army during the early war months of 1950–1951—when the ROKA was most in danger of total collapse and defeat—without understanding the structure . . .
5. Invasion and Survival: Yuk-Ee-Oh (6-2-5)
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The KMAG of the internationalized war was very different from its prewar version. Although Roberts had ensured KMAG’s relevancy during the civil war, he had not been successful at guaranteeing its survivability against a . . .
6. The Chinese Offensives, 1950 - 1951
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The survival of KMAG and ROKA did not engender lasting jubilation. Already in early September the tide was visibly turning, and everyone’s attention turned from the Pusan Perimeter to MacArthur’s amphibious . . .
7. Reformation: A New KMAG Trains an Army, Summer 1951 - Summer 1952
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Reform of the South Korean army began with a small step in May 1951 when Van Fleet requested the assignment of Brig. Gen. Cornelius E. Ryan as the chief of KMAG. Van Fleet recognized KMAG was the right tool . . .
8. Redemption: A New Korean Army at War
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Expectations for an armistice agreement may have restricted Van Fleet’s tactical flexibility, but the protracted negotiations undoubtedly saved the ROK Army. Protected by Eighth Army, KMAG finally had the . . .
9. The Test of Battle: The Summer Offensives, May - July 1953
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Battle is the harshest and most unforgiving of tests. This was especially true in 1953 as the burden of the war shifted to the ROKA’s shoulders. At stake was whether the new Korean army could maintain the strategic . . .
10. S hrimp among Whales: Assessing the Advisory Missions, 1946 - 1953
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A simple Korean proverb states, “When whales fight, shrimp get crushed.” Korea’s twentieth-century history bears out this metaphor with unfortunate accuracy. Caught in the rivalry between China, Russia, and Japan at the end of the nineteenth century, Korea lost its independence in 1905 (first . . .
Appendix A: Korean War Chronology
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Appendix B: Lt. Gen. John Hodge’s Statement to the Korean People
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Appendix C: U.S. IX Corps Citation, ROK Capital Division, 1953
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Appendix D: Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation, 1952
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Appendix E: Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation, 1953
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Page Count: 381
Publication Year: 2012