Contemporary Lithic Analysis in the Southeast
Problems, Solutions, and Interpretations
Publication Year: 2012
William Andrefsky Jr. / Andrew P. Bradbury / Philip J. Carr / CarolynConklin /
Published by: The University of Alabama Press
Download PDF (113.9 KB)
Download PDF (161.4 KB)
Download PDF (380.2 KB)
The south east ern united states, referred to in this volume as the southeast, has a rich and varied natural landscape. The people who occupied this region for over 10,000 years before european contact were just as culturally rich and variable. one aspect of prehistoric research, oft en undervalued in the south-east, is the study of lithic assemblages. More specifically, holistic integrated ...
Download PDF (392.4 KB)
A statement celebrating or proudly noting the ubiquity of lithic artifacts is the most common opening sentence to papers, books, and journal articles about this artifact class (e.g., Andrefsky 2009; bradbury and carr 2004a; brown 2001; cahen et al. 1979; henry and odell 1989; larson and Kornfeld 1997; odell, ed. 1996). These opening statements are misleading because the sheer size of ...
Download PDF (475.3 KB)
...in the late eighteenth century, william henry holmes (1894) introduced the concept of “stages of production” in the manufacture of stone tools. while the theoretical landscape has changed drastically in the past century, lithic ana-lysts have continued to use this methodological construct (bleed 2001, 2002), particularly in the south east ern united states (carr and bradbury 2000:125–...
Download PDF (410.0 KB)
Prehistoric people made design choices in the manufacture of stone tools in re-sponse to social and economic strategies employed, as well as the raw material environment in which they operated. some, in clud ing clovis people, manufac-tured a distinctive flake type, blades, for use in a variety of tasks or for modifi-cation into specialized tool forms. The variable occurrence of blades in the ar-...
Download PDF (555.5 KB)
Artifact context is particularly important when conducting lithic micro wear research. An assessment of artifact context must include consideration of what happens to an artifact after it enters the ar chaeo logi cal record (schiffer 1996; schnur ren berger and bryan 1985). taphonomic processes alter this record and complicate interpretations of artifact and site function (levi- sala 1986). ...
Download PDF (403.3 KB)
...nearly 20 years of debate and discussion have taken place concerning the use of an or ga ni za tion of lithic technology approach for making inferences of past hu-man behavior (e.g., Kelly 1994; simek 1994; torrence 1994). importantly, sig-nificant efforts have been made to apply and expand this approach (e.g., An-drefsky 2008a; bradbury et al. 2008; carr 2008; carr and bradbury 2001; cobb ...
Download PDF (424.5 KB)
...constructing hypotheses about past cultures based on flaked stone assem-blages is a complex undertaking, requiring the collection of large data sets of observations and appropriate middle range theory linking organized patterns of attributes to human behaviors. often the sample sizes are small, the assem-blage or site representativeness open to question, and/or the linking arguments ...
Download PDF (405.5 KB)
...coarse- grained lithic raw materials are thought to present a myriad of prob-lems for prehistoric knappers, and undoubtedly they present a different set of problems for lithic ana lysts. one such raw material, quartz, abundant through-out the southeast and used for thousands of years, was the primary material for the manufacture of stone tools at some sites. Modern ana lysts faced with ...
Download PDF (505.7 KB)
After four excavation seasons at eagle Drink bluff shelter, a small sandstone rockshelter in the highlands of the upper cumberland Plateau (ucP) of ten-nessee, components ranging from the Middle Archaic through the late wood-land have been identified. here we present the results of technological and use- wear analyses of the late Archaic lithic assemblage, which contained more ...
Download PDF (534.3 KB)
...raw material studies have been a key component of lithic analy sis in the south-east for decades, mainly because of the mosaic of geologic formations with rec-ognizable varieties of useable stone and the fact that broad gaps between these resources required logistical planning by prehistoric groups. while lithic ana-lysts have long recognized the potential of these signature lithic types for inter-...
Download PDF (397.8 KB)
...woodland period research tends to focus on ceramic artifacts, likely due to their usefulness in chronology construction. while lithic tools, such as pro-jectile points, have proven to be chronologically sensitive as well, within the woodland period as well as in other periods in northeast Mississippi (bur-ris 2006; edmonds 2009; rafferty 1994), reliance only on artifacts useful for ...
Download PDF (410.0 KB)
...when i was asked to provide comments on the collection of lithic analy sis pa-pers presented at the southeast ern Archaeological conference (included within this volume), i did not realize the extent to which lithic tools and debi tage had been overlooked in the region as a medium for interpreting past abori ginal practices and behaviors. According to the session abstract, the goal of the lithic ...
Download PDF (361.6 KB)
Andrew bradbury and Philip carr, along with sarah Price, have once again (carr and bradbury 2000) issued a call to lithic ana lysts in the Ameri can south-east for more frequent employment of an “or ga ni za tion of technology” approach to the study of stone artifacts. A useful definition of this concept was provided by Koldehoff (1987:154): “The way in which a culture or society designs its ...
Download PDF (631.3 KB)
Download PDF (298.3 KB)
Download PDF (542.9 KB)
Page Count: 267
Illustrations: 47 illus
Publication Year: 2012