The Other Movement
Indian Rights and Civil Rights in the Deep South
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: The University of Alabama Press
Title Page, Copyright
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List of Illustrations
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It is curious that after all that has been written about the dramatic changes that the Ameri can South underwent in the sec ond half of the twentieth century, very little has been written about the transformative role that American Indians played in this process. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, the region was a hotbed...
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Like any other “labor of love,” this book would not have been possible without the support of numerous people and institutions. The National Academies and the Ford Foundation provided the bulk of funding I needed to conduct my research, along with the Louise Foucar Marshall Foundation, the Michael Sweetow...
1. Back on the Map: The Emergence of a Deep Southern Indian Rights Movement
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In 1970, Ernest Sickey, a father of three in his late twenties and leader of Louisiana’s Coushatta Tribe, appeared at attorney Ruth Loyd Miller’s private practice office with his family, pleading for legal assistance on behalf of his community.1 The approximately 250 Coushatta of Allen Parish had endured almost twenty years...
2. “We’ll Do It in the Spirit of Brotherhood”: Inter- Tribal Politics and the Challenge of Centralizing Representation
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The 1980s held the promise of a new era for Alabama Indian affairs. In the extreme southern portion of the state, Poarch Creek leaders Calvin McGhee, his son Houston, and Eddie Tullis set change in motion when the 1978 Mims Act established...
3. Acknowledging Indians in a Bipolar South: Shifting Racial Identities
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On May 16, 1981, Norman Billiot sat in an overcrowded cellblock in Louisiana’s violent and tense Angola Prison. He was drafting a distressed letter to the state Indian affairs office appealing to Helen Gindrat, LOIA’s new director and fellow Houma community member. He wanted Gindrat to help him with the “racial problem...
4. Starting from Scratch: Struggling to Improve Indian Lives
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After she was fired from her job of fourteen years because of persistent absenteeism caused by health problems, Mildred Smith of the Louisiana Band of Choctaw found herself in a dire situation. A mother of four, Smith was burdened with sight and hearing impairments. Although resourceful enough to continue earning...
5. A Regional Makeover: Tourism and How Indians Remade the South
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In 1976 the romantic and harmonious lifestyle of south ern Chero kees who managed to eke out an existence in the isolated stretches of the Appalachian Mountains captivated the nation. The critically acclaimed New York Times best- selling and self- identified...
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The Indian Rights Movement of the 1970s and 1980s is a story of transformation. As the regional political and economic culture shifted under the pressure of the black civil rights movement, industrialization, urbanization, and the growing influence of the Republican Party, marginalized southern Native populations joined...
Appendix: Other Tribes of the South
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Publication Year: 2012
Series Title: Contemporary American Indians
Series Editor Byline: Heidi M. Altman