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Archaeological Salvage in the Walter F. George Basin of the Chattahoochee River

Written by David DeJarnette and edited by Historic Chattahoochee Commission

Publication Year: 2010

David L. DeJarnette, the founder of scientific archaeology in the state of Alabama, reports on archaeological surveys and excavations undertaken in the Chattahoochee River Valley between 1947 and 1962. The three contributors, Wesley R. Hurt, Edward B. Kurjack, and Fred Lamar Pearson Jr., each made signal contributions to the archaeology of the southeastern states. With their mentor, David L. DeJarnette, they worked out a viable cultural chronology of the region from the earliest Paleoindian and Archaic foragers to the period of early European-Indian contact. They excavated key sites, including the Woodland period Shorter Mound, the protohistoric Abercrombie village, and Spanish Fort Apalachicola, in addition to a number of important Creek Indian town sites of the eighteenth century. All are here, illustrated abundantly by site photographs, maps, and of course, the artifacts recovered from these remarkable investigations.
 
Copublication with the Historic Chattahoochee Commission
 
 

Published by: The University of Alabama Press

Title Page, Copyright

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Acknowledgments

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pp. v-

The authors wish gratefully to acknowledge the following agencies and institutions without whose assistance and cooperation neither the preliminary survey of the Walter F. George Basin area nor the subsequent excavations would have been possible....

Contents

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pp. vii-

Figures

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pp. ix-xi

Tables

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pp. xiii-

Archaeological Salvage in theWalter F. George Basin ofthe Chattahoochee River in Alabama

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pp. xv-

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Introduction [Includes Image Plate]

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pp. 1-3

During the period from June 10 to September 1, 1947, the first phase of the archaeological salvage program, a preliminary archaeological survey of the Chattahoochee Valley covering the area from the Florida border to Phenix City, Alabama, was undertaken by the Alabama Museum of Natural History. The project was under the general direction of David L. DeJarnette, Curator of the...

Part I. THE PRELIMINARY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEYOF THE CHATTAHOOCHEE VALLEY AREA IN ALABAMA [Includes Image Plate]

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pp. 5-6

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CHAPTER 1. The Historic Tribes in in the Survey Area

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pp. 7-24

In Part I of this publication only those historic tribes of the Chattahoochee that occupied the area covered by the preliminary survey will be considered. The purpose of Part I is to aid in the identification of those sites found in the survey. This attempt to associate historic tribes with archaeological sites involved great difficulties. The early maps depict areas in a most generalized fashion; the names...

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CHAPTER 2. Study and Analysis of the Survey Material

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pp. 25-72

The oldest artifacts found in the general area of the Chattahoochee Valley of Alabama are a series of fluted projectile points from sites lacking pottery. They are similar in form and technique of manufacture to other pre-ceramic projectile points from other areas....

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CHAPTER 3. Summary and Conclusions [Includes Image Plates]

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pp. 73-85

One hundred and twenty-four village and camp sites were located in Russell, Barbour, Henry, and Houston counties during the surnrner of 1947. In addition, 20 mounds and mound groups and one quarry were surveyed. Because of the heavy growth of timber and intensive cultivation in many areas, many sites may have been overlooked. A test pit was made in site 1 Ho 3, a cross trench was cut...

Part II. ARCHAEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS IN THE WALTER F. GEORGE BASIN

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pp. 86-

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CHAPTER 4. Excavations [Includes Image Plates]

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pp. 87-195

The Shorter Site, 1 Br 15, consisting of a high but eroded mound and adjacent village area, is located just north of Eufaula, Alabama, less than a half mile northwest of the Chattahoochee River. Here, on the second terrace of the river, three sites lie parallel to the Chattahoochee. Site 1 Br 15 is centermost, bounded on both the northeast and southwest by deep gullies cut by two branches of the...

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CHAPTER 5. Summary and Conclusions

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pp. 196-198

The sites at which the excavations reported in this study took place represent five major periods of culture history in the middle Chattahoochee Valley. Other culture periods of the area are described in reports of the intensive work that has been completed on other phases of the valley's prehistory by the Smithsonian Institution and the University of Georgia....

Part III. SPECIAL INVESTIGATION OF 1Ru 101, THE SPANISH FORT SITE

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pp. 199-

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CHAPTER 6. Historical Background

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pp. 200-203

The appearance of "Two Early Letters from Alabama" in The Alabama Review (1956) inaugurated a search to find the location of Fort Apalachicola, a Spanish fortress constructed on the Chattahoochee River in the late seventeenth century. These two letters from the then commandant, Lt. Favian de Angulo, to the Spanish governor of Florida describe both the fortress and its environs. Editor...

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CHAPTER 7. Excavations [Includes Image Plates]

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pp. 204-220

Two trenches were excavated at the site. The largest of these, extending from the interior of the fort to its approximate center and crossing the outside earth embankment and moat, was located near the middle of the eastern side of the fort. This first trench was enlarged to examine various structural features. The second trench consisted of five squares excavated just outside the palisade wall...

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CHAPTER 8. Summary andConclusions

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pp. 221-222

The principal purpose of the excavation at site 1 Ru 101 was to determine, if possible, whether the earth embankment located by Brother Finbar was the Spanish Fort Apalachicola that Captain Primo de Rivera built on the Chattahoochee in 1689....

Bibliography

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pp. 223-229

Index

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pp. 230-237


E-ISBN-13: 9780817385217
Print-ISBN-13: 9780817356446

Page Count: 237
Publication Year: 2010

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Excavations (Archaeology) -- Chattahoochee River Valley.
  • Indians of North America -- Chattahoochee River Valley -- Antiquities.
  • Alabama -- History, Local.
  • Walter F. George Reservoir Region (Ala. and Ga.) -- Antiquities.
  • Excavations (Archaeology) -- Alabama.
  • Archaeological surveying -- Chattahoochee River Valley.
  • Chattahoochee River Valley -- History, Local.
  • Alabama -- Antiquities.
  • Chattahoochee River Valley -- Antiquities.
  • Indians of North America -- Alabama -- Antiquities.
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