We cannot verify your location
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE
OR
title

Lamar Archaeology

Mississippian Chiefdoms in the Deep South

Edited by Mark Williams and Fary Shapiro, with contributions from Marvin T. Smit

Publication Year: 1990

A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication


Lamar Archaeology provides a comprehensive and detailed review of our knowledge of the late prehistoric Indian societies in the Southern Appalachian area and its peripheries. These Lamar societies were chiefdom-level groups who built most of the mounds in this large region and were ancestors of later tribes, including the Creeks and Cherokees. This book begins with a history of the last 50 years of archaeological and historical research and brings together for the first time all the available data on this early culture. It also provides an invaluable model for books about Southeastern Indian societies by combining purely descriptive information with innovative analyses, advancing our knowledge of the past while remaining firmly grounded in the archaeological evidence as fact.


Contributors include:

Frankie Snow, Chad O. Braley, James B. Langford Jr., Marvin T. Smith, Daniel T. Elliott, Richard R. Polhemus, C. Roger Nance, Gary Shapiro, Mark Williams, John F. Scarry, David G. Anderson, andCharles M. Hudson

Published by: The University of Alabama Press

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF (107.2 KB)
pp. v- viii

Part I - Lamar Archaeology

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF (755.5 KB)
pp. 3-9

From the mountains of east Tennessee to the low hills of north Florida and from the coast of South Carolina to the central Alabama Piedmont lived the Native Americans known to archaeologists as the Mississippian period Lamar people....

read more

Lamar Archaeology: 1987

pdf iconDownload PDF (961.0 KB)
pp. 10-26

Whether or not John Basil Lamar ever saw, much less seriously reflected upon, the Indian mounds he owned is unrecorded. In 1862, during the Battle of Crampton's Gap in Maryland, he was killed by a Yankee bullet. His name...

Part II - Time and Space

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF (185.3 KB)
pp. 27-29

This section summarizes the chronological periods and phases that have been defined to date for the research area. Some of this information was first defined many years ago, but much of it has been only recently worked out and was presented for the first time at the conference. Many of the phases represent archaeological units of time ...

Regional Chronologies

pdf iconDownload PDF (139.6 KB)
pp. 30-38

read more

Phase Characteristics

pdf iconDownload PDF (1.5 MB)
pp. 39-80

Part III - Case Studies

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF (43.9 KB)
p. 81-81

The papers presented in this section illustrate the wide range of approaches being explored by those currently studying Lamar socie ties. We begin with a series of papers (by Snow, Braley, Langford and Smith, and Elliott) that present important basic data on variability in Lamar material culture and settlement patterns. Although ...

read more

1. Pine Barrens Lamar

pdf iconDownload PDF (774.5 KB)
pp. 82-93

Late Lamar sites that contain European artifacts dating to the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries have been located deep in the Pine Barrens section of south Georgia. That area includes the lower Ocmulgee River and upper Satilla River drainages. This site distribution...

read more

2. The Lamar Ceramics of the Georgia Coast

pdf iconDownload PDF (1.2 MB)
pp. 94-103

The Lamar ceramic complex of the Georgia coast is a variant known as Irene. Its definition was based on Joseph Caldwell's excavation of the type site on Irene plantation adjacent to the lower Savannah River...

read more

3. Recent Investigations in the Core of the Coosa Province

pdf iconDownload PDF (782.9 KB)
pp. 104-116

The purpose of this paper is to describe several aboriginal sites along the Coosawattee River in northwestern Georgia, which have yielded mid-sixteenth-century European artifacts and which may delineate the limits of the core of Coosa, a powerful chiefdom...

read more

4. Two Late Lamar Sites near Ray's Corner, Oconee County, Georgia

pdf iconDownload PDF (517.5 KB)
pp. 117-124

A brief examination of several upland locations in central Oconee County, Georgia, in 1980 produced some interesting archaeological information. Two upland Lamar sites are discussed, but the discussion will attempt to transcend a typical site report and focus on the implications of these two sites on the mechanics of Lamar society...

read more

5. Dallas Phase Architecture and Sociopolitical Structure

pdf iconDownload PDF (828.0 KB)
pp. 125-138

The architectural or structural aspects of a society reflect both the technological level and the sociopolitical structure of that society. This paper will summarize several aspects of ongoing research concerning the Dallas culture in the east Tennessee Valley. Technological aspects of Mississippian architecture are dealt with else ...

read more

6. A Study of Lamar Ecology on the Western Edge of the Southern Piedmont

pdf iconDownload PDF (518.1 KB)
pp. 139-146

The tendency for Mississippian sites to be located on ecotones is widely recognized, and Lamar sites are no exception. In the western boundary of two physiographic provinces...

read more

7. Bottomlands and Rapids: A Mississippian Adaptive Niche in the Georgia Piedmont

pdf iconDownload PDF (793.1 KB)
pp. 147-162

Environmentally based models of Mississippian settlement have been widely used by archaeologists in recent years. Most archaeologists would agree that difficulties arise when such models are applied over increasingly larger geographic areas. But rather than...

read more

8. Paired Towns

pdf iconDownload PDF (705.2 KB)
pp. 163-174

The summer 1985 excavations at the Scull Shoals site (9GE4) generated an interesting question with both chronological and cultural implications (Williams 1988). Scull Shoals is on the east bank of the Oconee River in Greene County, Georgia, and is the most northerly of the mound centers suggested by Marvin Smith and Stephen ...

read more

9. The Rise, Transformation, and Fall of Apalachee: A Case Study of Political Change in a Chiefly Society

pdf iconDownload PDF (740.5 KB)
pp. 175-186

When the first European explorers entered the southeastern United States in the early sixteenth century they encountered a flourishing native population. Accounts of expeditions to the southeast (for example, the reports of the Narvaez and De Soto expeditions- Bandelier 1964; Buckingham Smith...

read more

10. Stability and Change in Chiefdom-Level Societies: An Examination of Mississippian Political Evolution on the South Atlantic Slope

pdf iconDownload PDF (1.8 MB)
pp. 187-213

In this paper, I propose to examine factors influencing the stability of chiefly societies. The focus for this research will be the Mississippian societies of the South Atlantic Slope, specifically those within the Savannah River Basin. A major premise of this research is that broad geographic and theoretical perspectives are essential if we are ...

read more

11. Conversations with the High Priest of Coosa

pdf iconDownload PDF (1.2 MB)
pp. 214-230

Hernando de Soto first heard of the chiefdom of Coosa in April 1540, when he was in the chiefdom of Ocute, located on the Oconee River in the general vicinity of present Milledgeville, Sparta, and Greensboro, Georgia. He was told that Coosa was a large, wealthy society which lay to the northwest (Elvas in Buckingham Smith 1968, 58)...

References Cited

pdf iconDownload PDF (1.3 MB)
pp. 231-252

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF (714.5 KB)
pp. 253-263


E-ISBN-13: 9780817383855
Print-ISBN-13: 9780817304669

Page Count: 271
Publication Year: 1990

Recommend

UPCC logo

Subject Headings

  • Indians of North America -- Southern States -- Antiquities.
  • Southern States -- Antiquities.
  • Chiefdoms -- Southern States.
  • Lamar culture.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access