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Alabama and the Borderlands

From Prehistory To Statehood

Edited by Reid Badger and Lawrence A. Clayton, with contributions from Marvin T.

Publication Year: 2009

Born of a concern with Alabama's past and the need to explore and explain that legacy, this book brings together the nation's leading scholars on the prehistory and early history of Alabama and the southeastern U.S. Covering topics ranging from the Mississippian Period in archaeology and the de Soto expedition (and other early European explorations and settlements of Alabama) to the 1780 Siege of Mobile, this is a comprehensive and readable collection of scholarship on early Alabama.

Published by: The University of Alabama Press


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pp. v-vi


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pp. vii-viii

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pp. ix-x

This book was born of a concern with Alabama's past and the need to explore and explain that legacy, so often hidden by the veils of time, ignorance, or misunderstanding. In I98I The University of Alabama celebrated its I50th anniversary, and each College contributed to the celebration by sponsoring a special ...

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pp. 1-13

Alabama and the Borderlands: From Prehistory to Statehood appears, at first glance, a curious title for a volume of scholarly essays. The central focus is Alabama, which was recognized officially as a territory of the United States of America only in 1817 and which gained admission to the Union as a state two years ...

Part I The Prehistoric Background

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pp. 14-16

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1 Richard A. Krause - Trends and Trajectories in American Archaeology: Some Questions about the Mississippian Period in Southeastern Prehistory

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pp. 17-39

From the nonperishable debris of extinct societies, archaeologists have created a picture of pervasive change in the details of material culture.1 Viewed in hemisphere-wide perspective and through broad spans of time, the record of change in the New World seems reasonably regular. Big-game hunters and the lifestyle this ...

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2 James B. Griffin - Changing Concepts of the Prehistoric Mississippian Cultures of the Eastern United States

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pp. 40-63

It is appropriate that The University of Alabama Sesquicentennial include a symposium on the last major phase of prehistoric Indian development in the Eastern United States. The name of the state and the names of many of its rivers, counties, cities, and towns are derived from Indian languages. Within the borders of the ...

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3 Bruce D. Smith - Mississippian Patterns of Subsistence and Settlement

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pp. 64-80

Extending from around A.D. 850 until the Soto entrada of I539-43, the Mississippian or "temple mound" period spans the final seven centuries of prehistory in the Eastern Woodlands. During this 700-year span the major river valleys of the East, from Illinois to north Florida and from North Carolina to Oklahoma, were occupied...

Part II The Age of Exploration

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4 John H. Parry - Early European Penetration of Eastern North America

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pp. 83-95

One of the most striking features of the early exploration of the Americas is the persistent influence of the notion of Asia-in-the-West: the idea that Asia could be reached by sailing west-even that Columbus' New World was Asia. It is true that the more bizarre of Columbus' suggestions-that Cuba was a peninsula ...

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5 Jeffrey P. Brain - The Archaeology of the Hernando de SotoExpedition

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pp. 96-107

Any attempt to place the 1539-43 expedition of Hernando de Soto in historical and ethnohistorical perspective must treat the motives for the exploration against the background of European traditions, events, and mentalities, as well as both the contemporary and subsequent impact of its startling appearance...

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6 Chester B. DePratter, Charles M. Hudson, and Marvin T. Smith - The Hernando de Soto Expedition: From Chiaha to Mabila

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pp. 108-127

After wintering in Apalachee, in the vicinity of Tallahassee, Florida, from October 1539 until early March 1540, Hernando de Soto's expedition set out in a generally northeastward direction. In Apalachee Soto had met two Indian trading boys who told him he would find silver, gold, and pearls to the east, in a large...

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7 Charles H. Fairbanks - From Exploration to Settlement: Spanish Strategies for Colonization

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pp. 128-140

The expedition of Hernando de Soto through considerable parts of Florida was not well recorded, at least by modern standards. While John R. Swanton and the United States De Soto Expedition Commission in I939 settled on what they felt was his most probable route, they had little archaeological evidence on.....

Part III Colonization and Conflict

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8 Wilcomb E. Washburn - The Southeast in the Age of Conflict and Revolution

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pp. 143-153

The Southeast does not loom large in the writing of American history, but it ought to, and particularly the period of conflict in the eighteenth century. Its importance should be reflected in hundreds of scholarly works, though only a handful exist. There are many reasons why the Southeast does not loom large...

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9 Eugene Lyon - Continuity in the Age of Conquest: The Establishment of Spanish Sovereignty in the Sixteenth Century

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pp. 154-161

The purpose of this essay is to explore threads of continuity among the several efforts of sixteenth-century Spaniards to conquer North America east of New Spain. It will also examine the culmination of these attempts, during the period of Pedro Menendez de Aviles and his advances into Florida from 1565 ...

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10 William S. Coker and Hazel P. Coker - The Siege of Mobile, 1780, in Maps

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pp. 162-183

There are a number of excellent accounts of the Spanish siege of British Mobile in 1780.1 The purpose of this study, therefore, is not to retell that familiar story but to provide a new dimension. Some histories of the siege include a map or two of Mobile Bay and its environs, showing the general location of Fort Charlotte ...

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11 - Michael C. Scardaville - Approaches to the Study of Southeastern Borderlands

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pp. 184-196

It is significant, and perhaps not entirely accidental, that this book on Alabama and the Borderlands deals with the least-studied area of all the former Spanish colonies in today's Sunbelt.1 Many of us hope this signals a reawakening of interest in Alabama's Hispanic past, a story ...


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pp. 197-222


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pp. 223-237


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pp. 238-240


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pp. 241-250

E-ISBN-13: 9780817383077
Print-ISBN-13: 9780817302085

Publication Year: 2009