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Seven Months in the Rebel States During the North American War, 1863

Written by Justus Scheibert, translated by Joseph C. Hayes, 2009 introduction by

Publication Year: 2009

Captain Scheibert’s book was available only in German until W. S. Hoole edited the present version.

Published by: The University of Alabama Press

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2009 Introduction

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pp. 1-6

As General R. E. Lee watched his troops complete the victory at Chancellorsville on May 3, 1863, he commented about those stalwart soldiers to Prussian observer Justus Scheibert. With "Stonewall" Jackson recently wounded-mortally as events would prove- Lee had been obliged to throw himself directly into managing operations...

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pp. 7-18

MANY OF THE BOOKS written by foreigners who cast their lots with the Confederate States of America are well known and widely quoted, l but a few, especially those in non-English languages, have received comparatively scant recognition. For instance, Charles Frederic Girard's Les Etats Confederes d'Amerique Visites en 1863 (Paris, 1864), recounting his experiences with both the military...

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I. Outward Bound

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pp. 19-34

THE CIVIL WAR had already been raging for two years in the United States of America when, at the beginning of February, 1863, I left Berlin for a trip across the ocean to witness the battles and to observe the innovations of the Americans. I first went to London to ask the well-known agent of the late Confederate States...

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II. The Army and the War Situation in 1863

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pp. 35-54

THE QUARTERMASTERS, analogous to our supply officers, but also in command of columns on the march, had set up their supply depots at Hamilton's Crossing, a station near the Rappahannock and approximately in the center of the Confederate camp, where Colonel Smith from Richmond, now detailed to General Lee's staff, went with me to get a miserable mule cart...

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III. Battle of Chancellorsville

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pp. 55-84

WHILE WE WERE ENCAMPED in the grass at Kelly's Ford, dropping the reins of our horses as always and letting them graze, couriers raced off to the front with reports and frequently returned with prisoners, who were thoroughly questioned. Among others, they brought along a Belgian officer attached to Hooker's general staff...

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IV. Calvary Battle at Brandy Station

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pp. 85-97

ON MAY 30 [10] I LEFT FOR RICHMOND, where I paid my respects to the President and to several cabinet members, and, in accordance with my commission, I drew in great haste the battle map of Chancellorsville, in a rather large corner of which I made a sketch of General Jackson encouraging his men....

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V. Invasion of Pennsylvania, Battle of Gettysburg, and Retreat

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pp. 97-130

IN SPITE OF THE APPROACHING STORM, all was quiet and peaceful at headquarters, as my diary says, for the General spread cheer and good feeling round about like the sun that refreshes the plants. Thus, these days in the freshly fragrant woods are to be numbered among the best of my life....

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VI. Siege of Charleston

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pp. 131-145

A PAUSE OF EXHAUSTION had come over the extreme efforts in the theater of war in Virginia during my stay in Richmond. Only in Carolina were the Northerners stirring, now seriously to begin the siege of Charleston that had already been projected once...

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VII. Return Voyage

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pp. 146-156

GENERAL [W.H.C.] WHITING, Military Governor of North Carolina, upon whom I called, invited me to inspect the batteries along the Cape Fear River and the fortifications around Wilmington, which I did with great interest. A colonel of engineers accompanied me, 1 and I enriched my technical information essentially on this trip...


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pp. 157-162


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pp. 163-168

E-ISBN-13: 9780817382940
Print-ISBN-13: 9780817355913

Page Count: 166
Publication Year: 2009