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Plants from the Past

Works Of Leonard W. Blake & Hugh C. Cutler

Leonard W. Blake and Hugh C. Cutler; With an Introduction by Gayle J. Fritz andPatty Jo Watson

Publication Year: 2001

Plants from the Past is a fascinating, comprehensive record of the work of two dedicated plant scientists who were instrumental in the establishment of archaeobotany and paleoethnobotany as vigorous subdisciplines within American archaeology. Hugh Carson Cutler and Leonard Watson Blake worked together for many decades at the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis, identifying and interpreting plant remains from archaeological sites all over North America. 

Covering a period of 30 years and tracing the development of the study of plant remains from archaeological sites, the volume will give archaeologists access to previously unavailable data and interpretations. It features the much-sought-after extensive inventory "Plants from Archaeological Sites East of the Rockies," which serves as a reference to archaeobotanical collections curated at the Illinois State Museum. The chapters dealing with protohistory and early historic foodways and trade in the upper Midwest are especially relevant at this time of increasing attention to early Indian-white interactions. 

The editors' introduction provides coherence and historical context for the papers and points to the book's potential as a resource for future research. Graced by Dr. Blake's brief introductions to each chapter, Plants from the Past neatly compiles the earliest research in archaeobotany by two originators of the science.

Published by: The University of Alabama Press


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p. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5


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pp. 6-7

List of Illustrations

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pp. vii-viii

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p. ix-ix

I would like to heartily concur with the acknowledgments of Gayle Fritz and Patty Jo Watson in their introduction and, in addition, thank them for their contribution, without which there would have been no report. I also wish to express my gratitude to ...

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pp. xi-xiv

Hugh Cutler and Leonard Blake worked together on archaeological plant remains for a quarter century at the Missouri Botanical Garden. During that time they published dozens of articles and reports and provided many more unpublished responses ...

Map of Site Locations

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p. xv-xv

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1. North American Indian Corn

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pp. 1-18

In 1976, Dr. Cutler was asked to write a paper on the subject of North American Indian corn for inclusion in the volume on environment, origins, and population for the Handbook of North American Indians, which was projected by the Smithsonian Institution ...

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2. Cultivated Plants from Picuris

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pp. 19-36

Cultivated plants may be considered as special kinds of artifacts. They are created, maintained, and transported by people.Most American Indians grow several different kinds of a plant. Within each kind there are many variants, ...

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3. Corn in the Province of Aminoya

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pp. 37-39

When the members of the De Soto expedition again saw the Mississippi after their nearly disastrous attempt to reach Mexico overland, according to Garcilaso, they came upon “ . . . two towns, one near the other, and each ...

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4. Corn from Three North Carolina Sites, 31Gs55, 56, and 30

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pp. 40-45

Samples of carbonized corncobs and cob fragments were received from three sites in Gaston County, North Carolina, from Dr. Janet Levy of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. In this report corn cob samples from each site ...

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5. Cultivated Plant Remains from Historic Missouri and Osage Indian Sites

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pp. 46-53

Cultivated plant remains from two Missouri, two Little Osage, and two Big Osage sites are discussed here. They consist of carbonized specimens picked from deposits and those recovered by flotation. Others have reported on the ...

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6. Corn for the Voyageurs

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pp. 54-58

The race of corn (Zea mays) grown in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada was called Northern Flint by Brown and Anderson (1947). More recently, it has been called Maiz de Ocho by Galinat (Upham et al. 1987) ...

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7. Corn from Fort Michilimackinac, a.d. 1770–1780

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pp. 59-65

Fort Michilimackinac was and still is near the northern limit of corn agriculture. Cartier found Indians growing corn at the present site of Montreal in 1535 (Tooker 1964:3). This is at about the same latitude as the Straits of ...

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8. Corn from the Waterman Site (11R122), Illinois

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pp. 66-71

All of the material from the Waterman site (11R122) came from “small, circular straight-sided pits corresponding to Binford’s (1967) description of hide smoking pits” (Letter from Dr.Margaret K. Brown,May 21, 1972). Occupation ...

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9. Plant Remains from the Rhoads Site (11Lo8), Illinois

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pp. 72-92

Plants from archaeological sites can provide valuable information on the lives of past inhabitants. The kinds of wild plants indicate what portions of a region were exploited most thoroughly and sometimes suggest the time ...

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10. Plants from Archaeological Sites East of the Rockies

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pp. 93-147

In 1973, a report on identification of plant remains that had been sent to Cutler and Blake at the Missouri Botanical Garden was hastily produced in an edition of 200 mimeographed copies. The purpose was to let those who had sent us material know what had been done ...

11. Published Works of Cutler and Blake

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pp. 148-156

Works Cited

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pp. 157-164

Index of Latin Names for Plant Taxa

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pp. 165-167

Index of Corn Races and Varieties

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p. 169-169

General Index

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pp. 171-177

E-ISBN-13: 9780817313227
E-ISBN-10: 0817313222
Print-ISBN-13: 9780817310875
Print-ISBN-10: 0817310878

Page Count: 195
Publication Year: 2001

Edition: 1