The City, Revisited
Urban Theory from Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York
Publication Year: 2011
Contributors: Janet Abu-Lughod, Northwestern U and New School for Social Research; Robert Beauregard, Columbia U; Larry Bennett, DePaul U; Andrew A. Beveridge, Queens College and CUNY; Amy Bridges, U of California, San Diego; Terry Nichols Clark, U of Chicago; Nicholas Dahmann, U of Southern California; Michael Dear, U of California, Berkeley; Steven P. Erie, U of California, San Diego; Frank Gaffikin, Queen's U of Belfast; David Halle, U of California, Los Angeles; Tom Kelly, U of Illinois at Chicago; Ratoola Kunda, U of Illinois at Chicago; Scott A. MacKenzie, U of California, Davis; John Mollenkopf, CUNY; David C. Perry, U of Illinois at Chicago; Francisco Sabatini, Ponticia Universidad Catolica de Chile; Rodrigo Salcedo, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Santiago; Dick Simpson, U of Illinois at Chicago; Daphne Spain, U of Virginia; Costas Spirou, National-Louis U in Chicago.
Published by: University of Minnesota Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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Part I. Revisiting Urban Theory
1. Theorizing the City
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In 1925, a group of sociologists from the University of Chicago published a book that became a foundational work for generations of urban scholars. In The City: Suggestions for Investigation of Human Behavior in the Urban Environment,1 Robert Park, Ernest Burgess, Roderick McKenzie, and some of their colleagues proposed an elegant, sweeping version of social Darwinism ...
2. Grounded Theory: Not Abstract Words but Tools of Analysis
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Is our question really about the trinity of urban theory: one or many? At the insistence of my children, I have begun to write my “intellectual memoirs” (a compromise with the more salacious account they perhaps hoped for). This may be why my memories of being a seventeen-year-old, starting in Hutchins College of the University of Chicago more than sixty years ago, ...
3. The Chicago of Jane Addams and Ernest Burgess: Same City, Different Visions
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Chicago at the turn of the twentieth century was an amazing place. Incorporated in 1837, burned to the ground in 1871, host to the glorious World’s Columbian Exposition in 1893, and magnet for thousands of European immigrants, this was a city that was constantly reinventing itself. ...
Part II. The View from Los Angeles
4. Urban Politics and the Los Angeles School of Urbanism
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The Los Angeles School of urban studies refers to a loosely affiliated group of scholars who since the 1980s have made Los Angeles their research focus. Initial work highlighted the emergence and consequences of economic restructuring in Southern California but quickly broadened to consolidate the knowledge base for what had hitherto been a relatively neglected city-region. ...
5. The Sun Also Rises in the West
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Portraits of Southern California and Los Angeles are prominent in noir novels, and “noir has . . . remained the popular . . . anti-myth of Los Angeles.”1 James Cain, Raymond Chandler, and, more recently, Walter Mosely have written stories with ironic and grim outcomes. In these stories no one is really good. ...
6. From the Chicago to the L.A. School: Whither the Local State?
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Over the past two decades, Los Angeles has gone from an understudied metropolis to a critically acclaimed new paradigm for urban development around the world. One important factor accounting for L.A.’s recent prominence is the emergence of the L.A. School of Urbanism, composed of a core group of “Marxist geographers” and postmodernist scholars, ...
Part III. The View from New York
7. The Rise and Decline of the L.A. and New York Schools
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From the 1960s to the end of the twentieth century, the nation’s two largest cities each helped to nurture a distinct approach to urban analysis. In his introduction to this book, Dennis Judd discusses the Los Angeles School and a New York School. The former tended to emphasize the decentralization and fragmentation of urban areas; ...
8. School Is Out: The Case of New York City
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Los Angeles, for Michael Dear, is all about the central importance of the deconcentration and fragmentation of social and political activities within a highly dispersed city-region, sometimes in “mutant” forms like gated communities. Viewing the L.A. region as the archetype of the postmodern epoch, he arrives at the distinctive proposition that urban periphery is now organizing the center. ...
9. Radical Uniqueness and the Flight from Urban Theory
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Imagine, for the moment, a world in which each and every city is incontestably unique. I do not mean simply different but so dissimilar that if you were to enter a city for the first time, having no prior knowledge, you would be wholly disoriented. Nothing that you know about, say, La Paz or Kiev would be applicable to Mumbai. ...
Part IV. The View from Chicago
10. The New Chicago School of Urbanism and the New Daley Machine
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At the beginning of the twentieth century, social scientists at the University of Chicago sought “scientifically” to capture the city of Chicago.1 They framed their direct observations around ecological images such as rings of growth, like the growth rings of trees; racial patterns of settlement like the patterns of plant ecology; ...
11. The New Chicago School: Notes toward a Theory
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Every city is unique. Cities partially shape their residents, sensitizing them to some concerns, while discouraging others. This chapter explores how the city of Chicago has encouraged a distinct flavor in the research and theorizing about cities by persons who have done time in Chicago’s environs. ...
12. The Mayor among His Peers: Interpreting Richard M. Daley
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In the first chapter of this volume, Dennis Judd sketches brief accounts of the Chicago, L.A., and New York schools of urban studies. In the case of the Chicago School, the more typical characterization of Robert Park, Ernest Burgess, Louis Wirth, et al., specifies a Chicago School of sociology.1 ...
13. Both Center and Periphery: Chicago’s Metropolitan Expansion and the New Downtowns
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William Cronon in his classic Nature’s Metropolis documents Chicago’s emergence during the nineteenth century by focusing on the distinct role of ecologic and economic changes that aided the city’s ascendance. Utilizing an environmental perspective on historical development, Cronon shows the dynamism and the powerful influence of Chicago ...
Part V. The Utility of U.S. Urban Theory
14. The City and Its Politics: Informal and Contested
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The primary collaborator in the study of the city is the city itself. The essays here suggest that the cities of New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles have been, and continue to be, instrumental to our understanding of the forces and conditions of contemporary urbanism. The key word here is continue because they have been driving centers of modernist urbanism for most of the past two centuries. ...
15. Understanding Deep Urban Change: Patterns of Residential Segregation in Latin American Cities
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Statistical and empirical research in Chilean cities, as well as clues from (the scarce) available data and studies of other cities in Latin America, lead us to think that, though varying in speed, composition, and intensity, the traditional patterns of residential segregation are undergoing a consistent and radical shift throughout urban Latin America: ...
16. Studying Twenty-first Century Cities
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Twentieth-century urban theory has proven inadequate to tackle urban issues of the twenty-first century. Even Chicago, home of the Chicago school of urban studies, no longer fits the paradigms of these earlier scholars. These older theories describe cities outside the United States even less well. ...
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Page Count: 368
Publication Year: 2011