Migrants for Export
How the Philippine State Brokers Labor to the World
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: University of Minnesota Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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Introduction: Neoliberalism and the Philippine Labor Brokerage State
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During a state visit to the United States in 2003, Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo aggressively encouraged U.S. business people to hire Philippine workers to fill their employment needs in the territorial United States and beyond. When American colonizers encountered Filipinos in 1898, they considered them a backward and savage lot who were, nevertheless...
1. The Emergence of Labor Brokerage: U.S. Colonial Legacies in the Philippines
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At Manila’s Ninoy Aquino International Airport outbound airplanes to Seoul, Rome, Kuala Lumpur, Doha, and Sydney depart daily filled with thousands of migrant workers, men and women, young and old.The taxis or colorful jeepneys1 that make their way to the airport and throughout the streets of Metro Manila are decorated with the names...
2. A Global Enterprise of Labor: Mobilizing Migrants for Export
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Philippine migrant workers are practically everywhere. Wherever I have traveled, internationally and within the United States, I always encounter workers from the Philippines. When in Madrid as part of an international Philippine studies conference, I came across a Filipina caregiver walking with a young Spanish child. Interestingly enough, it was during a tour...
3. Able Minds, Able Hands: Marketing Philippine Workers
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Photographs depicting Philippine workers employed as professionals, medical workers, operations and maintenance workers, construction workers, hotel workers, and seafarers are scattered throughout a glossy brochure entitled “Filipino Workers: Moving the World Today” produced by the...
4. New National Heroes: Patriotism and Citizenship Reconfigured
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The week of the signing of the Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995, or Republic Act 8042 (RA8042), was officially declared “Migrant Heroes Week” by the Philippine government. All the Philippines’ migration agencies mark the signing of RA8042 with commemorative activities every June to showcase the expanded support and assistance Philippine...
5. The Philippine Domestic: Gendered Labor, Family, and the Nation-State
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When Filipina domestic worker Flor Contemplacion was sentenced to death in 1995 by the Singaporean government for allegedly murdering a fellow Filipina domestic worker and the child in her care, thousands of Filipinos in the Philippines and around the world rallied to demand that the Philippine state...
6. Migrant Workers’ Rights? Regulating Remittances and Repatriation
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In May 2001, nearly seven hundred Filipina and Filipino workers employed at sister garment factories producing clothing for U.S. retailers such as the Gap and Old Navy went on a wildcat strike. They demanded higher wages as well as fair compensation for their piece-rate and overtime work. Though the strike involved Philippine workers, it did not take...
Conclusion: The Globalization of the Labor Brokerage State
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The central question that this book has explored is how and why citizens from the Philippines have come to be the most globalized workforce on the planet. I have argued that the answer to this question lies in the emergence of the Philippine state as a labor brokerage state. Though it is true that ordinary men and women in the Philippines desire employment...
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The beginnings of this book can be traced to Union City, Califor-Reuben, and I to smell the aroma of chicken adobo and to hear ani-This experience growing up ultimately led to the core questions thatthis book addresses: how and why Philippine (im)migrants come tofind themselves on nearly every continent on the planet. My fam-...
Appendix: Mapping an Ethnography of the State
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About the Author
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Page Count: 208
Publication Year: 2010