Architecture of Thought
Publication Year: 2011
Combining design thinking with academic methods of inquiry, Piotrowski traces ancient to modern architectural histories and—through critical readings of select buildings—examines the role of nonverbal exchanges in the development of an accumulated Western identity. Unlike studies that organize around the traditional scheme of periodization in history, Architecture of Thought uses an interdisciplinary approach to investigate a wide spectrum of cultural productions in different times and places.
Published by: University of Minnesota Press
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It took me many years to write this book. Even after years of research, this project would not have materialized without access to remote sites and unique resources. In some cases, it was a matter of obtaining permissions to photograph certain places; in many other cases, my work depended on the goodwill of generous people who accepted my intrusion into their daily lives and environments. And thus I am grateful to Father George for his help ...
Introduction: The Moving Target of Architecture
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History and theories of architecture seem to be chasing a moving target. Despite the con-tinuous efforts to catalog architectural products and to identify conceptual programs that have motivated their designers, built environments—historical and lived-in structures—defy taxonomies of form and challenge simple notions of intentional creativity or problem solving. Questions of what architecture is and what the design process involves produce ...
1. Architecture and Medieval Modalities of Thought
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Michel Foucault once asked: “What does it mean, no longer being able to think a certain thought?”1 Such a question directly applies to Byzantine architecture. Its best-preserved examples, such as Hagia Sophia in Istanbul or the Katholikon in the monastery of Hosios Loukas near Delphi, seemingly belong to the traditional canon of the Western history. They are frequently featured in books about architecture of the medieval ages. Yet, in general, ...
2. Colonization and Symbolic Reality in Mesoamerica
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Many contemporary studies of the conquest and colonization of Mesoamerica strangely resemble texts from that period. Both historical and contemporary writings frequently frame cultural and political phenomena in a similar manner—a problem reaching beyond the truthfulness of so-called factual information established in old Spanish records. Old and new documents seem to be grounded in a way of thinking that created the “black” or ...
3. Structures of Tolerance and Religious Domination
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What does it mean to dismiss a building as provincial architecture? Most likely, it implies that it lacks certain features characteristic of so-called high culture, that is, its design is not suffi ciently aligned with the stylistic principles of the ideology that dominated that region or nation. Provincial phenomena are usually seen as synonymous with the peripheries of political and intellectual infl uence. Location alone is not suffi cient, however, to discount a ...
4. Technologies of Thought in Victorian England
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Previous chapters have shown that, throughout history, Europeans have made various efforts to control symbolic thought. In the nineteenth century, the desire to merge material and symbolic technologies was still present, but the traditional—reductive and stable—ways of thinking could no longer deal with the dynamism of the emerging structures of sociopolitical relationships and practices of life triggered by the industrial revolution. It was ...
5. High Modernism according to Le Corbusier
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Throughout most of the twentieth century, Le Corbusier (Charles-Édouard Jeanneret) was considered a creative genius instrumental in reshaping the built environments of the modern world. Historians agree that his was the primary contribution to the emerging High Modernism. He is still emblematic of the myth that the total design has redemptive powers. His work is said to mark a turning point in the development of Western architecture, ...
Closing Remarks: The West
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It may be useful to refl ect more generally on the Western perspective against which the ex-amples in this book have been analyzed. All material practices studied here revolve around the thinkability of represented concepts and the control of their meanings. Dominant pow-ers have always laid claim to control over the way people know things, but the West seems to have been the most successful in fusing power and knowledge, its primary tool being ...
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All photographs and illustrations are by the author unless credited otherwise.Figures 1.1–1.7: Church of Hosios Loukas. Figure 1.3 based on a plan published by Schultz and Barns-Figure 2.8: Illustration from the History of Tlaxcala Mexico. Courtesy Department of Special Collections, Figures 2.9, 2.10a, 2.11a and b, 2.12a and b: Illustration from Rhetorica Christiana. Courtesy the John Figure 3.4: Distribution of different confessions at the end of the sixteenth century. Based on maps ...
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Page Count: 408
Publication Year: 2011