Native American Ethnogenesis and Endurance in the Modern World
Publication Year: 2013
Covering the eighteenth century to the present, the book explores the emergence of the Brothertown Indians, a "new" community of Native peoples formed in direct response to colonialism and guided by the vision of Samson Occom, a Mohegan Indian and ordained Presbyterian minister. Breaking away from their home settlements of coastal New England during the late eighteenth century, members of various tribes migrated to Oneida Country in central New York State in hopes of escaping East Coast land politics and the corrupting influences of colonial culture. In the nineteenth century, the new community relocated once again, this time to present-day Wisconsin, where the Brothertown Indian Nation remains centered today.
Cipolla combines historical archaeology, gravestone studies, and discourse analysis to tell the story of the Brothertown Indians. The book develops a pragmatic approach to the study of colonialism while adding an archaeological perspective on Brothertown history, filling a crucial gap in the regional archaeological literature.
Published by: University of Arizona Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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...ect, one naturally looks back to when it began to take stock of just how much happened in the intervening years. In the case of this project, I feel like an altogether different person than the one who began this research in 2006 and committed to writing this book in 2010. Upon the kind invitation of the series editors, I began writing this volume only a few days after defending ...
1. Occom’s Doubts
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Though with a different vessel than many readers will envision, akin to most colonial histories of North America, the Brothertown story be-The ship in question, London Packet, arrived in Boston Harbor on May 20, 1768, after suffering eight long weeks of foul weather and stormy seas on its voyage from London. Among the sea-weary passengers rode a man named ...
2. Pragmatism and the Archaeology of Colonial Ethnogenesis
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I am, kind friend, an Indian of the Mohegan tribe, known by the name of Joseph Johnson, and at present I am Employd by the Honorable Board of Commission-aries at Boston, in teaching Children. I keep a School at Farmington amongst my Indian Brethren, and it is to be hoped that I maintain a good Character both among the English and also, among my brethren, as perhaps, kind friend, ...
3. Brothertown Histories
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Here, then, are the Brothertown Indians on the east side of Winnebago Lake, in Calumet County, trying to imitate our white brethren in all things except their vices. Here we have taken our last stand, as it were, and are resolved to meet manfully, that overwhelming tide of fate, which seems destined, in a few ertown, Wisconsin. Only three decades before, Commuck—a Narragansett ...
4. Brothertown Writing: Peopling the Place, Placing the People
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On Novemb.scer seven.taboldstyle, one.taboldstyleseven.taboldstyleeight.taboldstylefive.taboldstyle, Samson occom described the founding of But ^now^ we proceeded to form in^to^ a Body Politick—We Named our Town by the Name of Brotherton, in Indian Eeyawquittoowauco-nnuck. . . . Concluded to have a center near David Fowlers House the main Street is to run North and South and East and West, to Cross at the ...
5. Commemoration in the Northeast
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H.scardship.sc and change were all too familiar for Aaron Poquian-tup. He was born a Niantic Indian among the tumult of postrevolutionary New England and spent his childhood and much of his teenage life as part of the Christian Indian communities of coastal Connecticut and Rhode Is-land. In his later teenage years he set out with his mother and her family in ...
6. Commemoration in Wisconsin
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H.scannah D.scick’s grave sits in a small cemetery in the northwest cor-ner of Brothertown, Wisconsin, adjacent to the lot where she spent the last twenty-one years of her life. It is the only Brothertown cemetery bounded by stone walls reminiscent of the vernacular architecture of New England. Such walls cleaved the landscape of Charlestown, Rhode Island, the place that ...
7. Spatial Practices at Brothertown
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Brothers, We thank you for the good offers you have been pleased to make us of the privilege of Having Lands in your cuntry for us to live upon and we ex-pect in the course of this fall or in the Spring and with your consent to make In an effort that ultimately led them to current-day Wisconsin, the Brothertown Indians sought out yet another new communal land base ...
8. Ethnogenesis and Endurance in the Modern World: Toward a Deeper Understanding of Colonial Culture and Native American Identity Politics
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Occom began questioning his people’s place in coastal New England, since members of several local tribes gathered at Mohegan to discuss their un-certainties about the future, and since Joseph Johnson went to Oneida in search of a new homeland. Although much has changed for the Brothertown community since the eighteenth century, the spirit of these ideas and actions ...
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About the Author
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Craig Cip.scolla received his P.schD.sc in anthropology from the University of Pennsylvania in 2010 and is currently a lecturer at the Uni-versity of Leicester, where he holds a Marie Curie Research Fellowship and directs both the Centre for Historical Archaeology and the Master’s Program in Historical Archaeology. His research interests include Na-...
Page Count: 224
Illustrations: 20 illustrations, 21 tables
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: The Archaeology of Colonialism in Native