A Land Between Waters
Environmental Histories of Modern Mexico
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: University of Arizona Press
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This book is the first time a transnational collection of environmental histories about modern Mexico has been published on either side of the US-Mexican border. Although historians have written for decades about the relationship between people and their environment in Mexico, only recently ...
1. The Cycles of Mexican Environmental History
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The native Mexica who ruled the Valley of Mexico at the eve of the Spanish conquest called their homeland “Anáhuac,” a term usually translated as “the land by the water” or “the land between the waters.” Their cities lay alongside a labyrinth of shallow lakes and manmade channels that covered ...
2. Downslope and North: How Soil Degradation and Synthetic Pesticides Drove the Trajectory of Mexican Agriculture through the Twentieth Century
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The physical landscape of Mexico was transformed by the way the Mexican government responded to the nation’s age-old problem of soil degradation. The response involved a commitment to large-scale irrigation works and the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. This transformation of the ...
3. Mexico’s Breadbasket: Agriculture and the Environment in the Bajío
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For more than 250 years, the alluvial valleys of the Lerma River’s middle basin were the scene of intense human efforts to convert them into cropland for grain production. The region, which is one of Mexico’s principal river basins and stretches from the Valley of Toluca to its mouth in Santiago ...
4. Nature as Subject and Citizen in the Mexican Botanical Garden, 1787–1829
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The Mexican Royal Botanical Garden, funded by King Charles III in 1787, was no ordinary royal garden. Typically, eighteenth-century European royal gardens mapped their patron’s territorial domination. In Versailles, for instance, land nearest the palace emphasized legibility, rationality, and
5. Besieged Forests at Century’s End: Industry, Speculation, and Dispossession in Tlaxcala’s La Malintzin Woodlands, 1860–1910
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Mexican forests are in a precarious condition today. Forests and jungles cover somewhere between 55 and 67 million hectares, or around 28 percent of Mexico’s total landmass, and they are disappearing at an alarming rate. About 600,000 hectares of woodland vanish every year, giving Mexico ...
6. Water and Revolution in Morelos, 1850–1915
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In 1892, the French prospector and consular official Louis Lejeune announced that Mexico had made significant strides toward modernity thanks to the political stability and economic efficiency that had become the hallmark of the 1876–1911 Porfiriato, as the regime of President Porfirio Díaz ...
7. King Henequen: Order, Progress, and Ecological Change in Yucatán, 1850–1950
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A popular expression in Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula suggests that Yucatán is “the motherland” of fiber. Cordage fiber from the region’s native hene - quen and sisal plants forever changed the history of Yucatán when North American cordage companies discovered that henequen was the best commodity ...
8. Class and Nature in the Oil Industry of Northern Veracruz, 1900–1938
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Edward L. Doheny, Cruz Briones Rodríguez, and countless American drillers met in northern Veracruz in the early 1900s, but their experience of place differed so much an observer might have never guessed they shared the same geography. In 1900 Doheny, an oil magnate who multiplied his ...
9. Parables of Chapultepec: Urban Parks, National Landscapes, and Contradictory Conservation in Modern Mexico
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Perhaps the oldest nature preserve in the Americas, the verdant oasis of Chapultepec Park, lies within the depths of Mexico City, a metropolis so large it literally chokes on itself. The 850 hectares of arboreal integrity reach outward to the skyscrapers and sinewy highways that grasp its foliage. The ...
10. The Illusion of National Power: Water Infrastructure in Mexican Cities, 1930–1990
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According to Eric Hobsbawm, the twentieth century will be remembered as a time of revolutionary change that saw the end of a period of seven or eight thousand years since the discovery of agriculture, during which time most of humanity lived on the land.1 One impact of this transformation...
11. Episodes of Environmental History in the Gulf of California: Fisheries, Commerce, and Aquaculture of Nacre and Pearls
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Pearl oysters (Pinctada mazatlanica and Pteria sterna) have played a fundamental role in the environmental history of the Gulf of California region for nearly five hundred years.1 Pearls’ value derived from geographic and temporal coincidences in which ancient myths and legends that linked ...
12. Conclusion: Of the “Lands in Between” and the Environments of Modernity
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The contributions to the present volume on the environmental history of modern Mexico bring innovative research on a variety of topics spanning over two centuries. Taken together, they honor the deeply rooted traditions of environmental history for Mexico, based on cultural geography and the ...
About the Contributors
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Page Count: 328
Publication Year: 2012
Series Title: Latin American Landscapes