Reimagining National Belonging
Post-Civil War El Salvador in a Global Context
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: University of Arizona Press
Title Page, Copyright
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This book is years in the making. It is the product of many visits to El Salvador. I gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Fulbright IIE, Social Science Research Council, Ford Foundation, and the University of California President’s Postdoctoral Fellowship ...
Introduction: Nation Out of War
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Hhow any nation-state recovers from civil war is a topic of vital interest and importance to the contemporary world. From the formal political arrangements and institutional reforms that return a society to peace, to the reconstruction of social ties, post-conflict nation-building involves ...
1. Concentrating on Culture: Peace, Schooling, and Values
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El Salvador’s civil war ended in January 1992. In the aftermath of war, state-led nation-building focused intently on culture as a mechanism for reconstructing national society. In El Salvador state-led practices addressed culture in two major ways: as an instrument ...
2. Drawing on the Past: History, Archaeology, Inclusions, and Exclusions
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In postwar El Salvador, there were simultaneously occurring state-led projects to represent the nation and rebuild national society. Some nation-building strategies looked to El Salvador’s deep past for symbols of the unique nation. The approach is familiar to some ...
3. Envisioning Indigenous Participation: State Ambivalence, Local Activism, and International Influences
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Postwar efforts to define El Salvador’s national uniqueness emphasized archaeological and historical pasts. These new projects, some of which I described in the previous chapter, valorized pre-Columbian and historical indigenous heritage for a purportedly culturally ...
4. Remapping the Nation: Faraway Citizens, Transnational State Practices, and the Impact of Migration
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State-led practices in postwar El Salvador focused on culture, history, and identity as a means to unite a fragmented and polarized national society. Earlier chapters described practices inspired by UNESCO to develop a culture of peace that emphasized universally ...
5. Remembering and Belonging: Museums, Monuments, and National Memory Including the Violence of Civil War
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A number of postwar museums were constructed during the years of my research in El Salvador. They created new forums for presenting and debating, even contesting, ideas about the nation’s past, present, and its imaginable future. Some museums were aligned ...
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National belonging refers to present-day recognition, status, and affinity. It is also about certain narratives of the past and how one’s experiences and understandings of state and society compare with dominant representations of the nation. By following simultaneously ...
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About the Author
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Page Count: 168
Publication Year: 2012