Where the Wind Blows Us
Practicing Critical Community Archaeology in the Canadian North
Publication Year: 2013
Lyons offers an extended case study of her work with the Inuvialuit community of the Canadian Western Arctic. She documents the development of this longstanding research relationship and presents both the theoretical and practical products of the work to date. Integrating knowledge drawn from archaeology, ethnography, oral history, and community interviews, Lyons utilizes a multivocal approach that actively listens to Inuvialuit speak about their rich and textured history.
The overall significance of this volume lies in outlining a method of practicing archaeology that embraces local ways of knowing with a critically constructed and evolving methodology that is responsive to community needs. It will serve as a handbook to mine for elements of critical practice, a model of community-based archaeology, and a useful set of concepts and examples for classroom study.
Published by: University of Arizona Press
Download PDF (70.6 KB)
Title Page, About the Series, Copyright, Dedication
Download PDF (56.9 KB)
Download PDF (38.4 KB)
List of Illustrations
Download PDF (54.6 KB)
Download PDF (108.8 KB)
...pragmatism, “We didn’t know that [everything] was gonna change. If we knew it was gonna change, we probably woulda been [more] prepared. But the change went, we went with the change, and what you gonna do?” (Lyons 2007:33). He was talking about the historical events of the twentieth cen-tury, which radically and irrevocably changed the lives of Western Arctic In-...
Download PDF (54.0 KB)
It is a great and continuing privilege to work with many extraordi-nary friends, colleagues, and community historians in the Inuvialuit community. I particularly wish to thank the many Elders that I have had the honor to share time with, for your stories, courage, humor, and humility. I sincerely thank the team members of the Inuvialuit Living History Project: in particular, Mervin ...
Part I. Critique
...tion of early twentieth-century philosophers, most prominently those of the Frankfurt School. This group of primarily Jewish intellectuals came together in the 1920s to develop a political philosophy that would map the rise of global capitalism and counteract the threats of nationalism and totalitarian-ism in Europe. Its main proponents included such figures as Theodor Adorno, ...
1. An Outline of Community-Based Archaeology
Download PDF (75.5 KB)
In the 1nine.taboldstyleeight.taboldstylezero.taboldstyles, B.scruce Trigger made two observations that antici-pated the emergence of a spectrum of alternative archaeologies as part of the postmodern movement. In his landmark article “Archaeology and the Image of the American Indian,” Trigger averred: “The New Archaeology continues to treat native peoples as objects rather than subjects of research. ...
2. A Critique of Inuvialuit Representation
Download PDF (368.9 KB)
It is w.scell k.scnow.scn that before the arrival of Europeans, Indigenous peoples of the north, as elsewhere, passed on their stories, histories, lineages, remembrances, and other pertinent information by way of an oral tradition. The newcomers, as is also well known, had in the course of their own histo-ries virtually shed the oral tradition in favor of a heavy reliance on the writ-...
Part II. Practice
Practice, as the verb.sc imp.sclies, means putting knowledge into mo-tion. McGuire (2008:38) suggests that the Latin “[p]raxis springs from the realizations that people make the social world in their everyday lives and that they can also subvert and transform that world.” Theoretical praxis is built from a series of processes, including knowing the world, understanding it ...
3. Finding Middle Ground: The Methodological Shift
Download PDF (74.9 KB)
From the incep.sction of the discipline, anthropological research methods have continuously evolved to meet the needs of changing socio-political conditions. At different historical junctures, the discipline has been hailed as the salve of cross-cultural inquiry and, at others, has come under fire for its misstep with political conditions or epistemological stance (Asad ...
4. Practice and the Inuvialuit Archaeology Partnership
Download PDF (260.2 KB)
A critical and reflex.scive p.scersp.scective asks us to name our cir-cumstances and motivations at the outset of research (Leone 2003, 2010; Wilson 2008:10). I have chosen to work in partnership with the Inuvialuit community to help bring aspects of their respective histories to light. I am a third-generation Canadian who claims no Aboriginal ancestry. I entered the ...
5. Bridging Critical and Indigenist Research: Localized Critical Theory
Download PDF (77.6 KB)
Critical theory is a p.scow.scerful tool for examining and under-standing situations of inequality. It allows us to see how individuals can be alternately empowered and marginalized by the workings of society, and also how they can choose a path, either individually or collectively, to greater con-sciousness of their social circumstances (Kincheloe and McLaren 2000:283; ...
6. A Negotiated Analysis of Inuvialuit Material History
Download PDF (505.0 KB)
This chap.scter enfranchises Inuvialuit Elders into the process of interpreting their own social and material histories. Preceding case study chapters have suggested that, until recently, the Inuvialuit have had little opportunity to represent themselves and their (his)stories and (her)stories in print, let alone in specialized social sciences, such as archaeology. Inviting ...
Part III. Reflection
The p.scractice of reflex.scivity is as old as culture itself. It fosters the ability of individuals and collectivities to gaze at an arm’s distance upon the self, the society, or the other, with a view to understanding their coming into being in a wider context (Myerhoff and Ruby 1982). Storytelling is an example of an ultimately reflexive activity, by which teller and audience may ...
7. Alternative Archaeologies and Their Impact on Disciplinary Practice
Download PDF (74.4 KB)
I have heard it said in a variety of contexts that community-based practitioners are a small but vocal minority of the discipline who think they are making more of an impact on archaeological practice than they actu-ally are. This chapter considers this statement by reviewing, evaluating, and reflecting on some of the contemporary impacts on the profession resulting ...
8. Inuvialuit Identity and the Material Past
Download PDF (166.6 KB)
I b.scegan this volume b.scy naming the injustices (sensu Leone 2003, 2010) I saw in the one-sided representation of Inuvialuit in the written his-torical record, despite their ample, if untapped, archaeological history. My motivation, and that of my Inuvialuit and non-Inuvialuit project partners, has been to create a conscious dialogue with this community about the past, ...
Download PDF (38.6 KB)
I have w.scork.sced in and w.scith members of the Inuvialuit community for a decade now. This has been and continues to be an engaging, often pro-vocative, and always rewarding experience. Working with others—especially when those others inhabit a different cultural landscape than your own—teaches you a great deal about yourself, your assumptions, and your expecta-...
Appendix 1. Inuvialuit Digital Resources and Related Sites of Interest
Download PDF (50.1 KB)
Appendix 2. Interviews with Elders, Community Leaders, and Educators in the Inuvialuit Community Cited in Text
Download PDF (51.7 KB)
Download PDF (56.6 KB)
Download PDF (185.7 KB)
Download PDF (61.7 KB)
About the Author
Download PDF (50.2 KB)
Natasha L.scyons received a PhD.sc in archaeology from the University of Calgary in 2007 for her work toward building a critical Inuvialuit archae-ology with this Western Arctic community. Her research interests are wide-ranging, including the search for sovereignty, identity, self-definition, and determination among North American First Nations and Inuit; theory and ...
Page Count: 255
Illustrations: 32 photos, 2 illustrations, 4 tables
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: The Archaeology of Colonialism in Native
Series Editor Byline: John Smith, Will Wordsworth