Buried in Shades of Night
Contested Voices, Indian Captivity, and the Legacy of King Philip's War
Publication Year: 2013
In this groundbreaking new book, Billy J. Stratton offers a critical examination of the narrative of Mary Rowlandson. Although it has long been thought that the book’s preface was written by the influential Puritan minister Increase Mather, Stratton’s research suggests that Mather was also deeply involved in the production of the narrative itself, which bears strong traces of a literary form that was already well established in Europe. As Stratton notes, the portrayal of Indian people as animalistic “savages” and of Rowlandson’s solace in Biblical exegesis served as a convenient alibi for the colonial aspirations of the Puritan leadership.
Stratton calls into question much that has been accepted as fact by scholars and historians over the last century, and re-centers the focus on the marginalized perspective of Native American people, including those whose land had been occupied by the Puritan settlers. In doing so, Stratton demands a careful reconsideration of the role that the captivity narrative—which was instrumental in shaping conceptions of “frontier warfare”—has played in the development of both American literary history and national identity.
Published by: University of Arizona Press
Download PDF (88.7 KB)
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
Download PDF (48.9 KB)
Download PDF (20.4 KB)
List of Illustrations
Download PDF (30.7 KB)
Download PDF (45.8 KB)
...in 1682, the captivity narrative of Mary Rowlandson, The Sov eraignty and Goodness of God . . . , was published in four separate edi-forty years since, the account has alternately been ignored and re-vived multiple times, but the themes of scholarly analysis have re-mained relatively consistent: Rowlandson’s ability to adapt and sur-...
Download PDF (37.0 KB)
...i would like to offer my appreciation to all the friends and col-leagues who provided encouragement and inspiration, read earlier drafts of this manuscript, and generously offered their feedback and dressed throughout this work. These include friends and colleagues from the American Indian Studies Program at the University of Ari-...
Download PDF (188.5 KB)
...in the western literary tradition, the story of the Jewish people and their escape from enslavement at the hands of the Egyptians, as recorded in the Bible, represents an early and particularly influen-tial captivity narrative. The arduous journey endured by B’nei Yis-rael, the Children of Israel as they fled Egypt for the land of Ca-...
1. “Like a company of sheep torn by wolves”: Transatlantic Influences on the Development of the Indian Captivity Narrative
Download PDF (431.4 KB)
...vital circuit for transnational colonial discourse since its inception. During the Age of Discovery, accounts of captivity provided an in-eign lands in Asia and Africa and, later, the Americas and Australia. The development of the Indian captivity narrative within the Atlan-tic context functioned as a particularly effective tool for the dis-...
2. Exile, Deterritorialization, and Intertextuality: The Cartographic Impulse of Puritan Historiography
Download PDF (193.9 KB)
...the processes of dispossession and deterritorialization typify the historical experience of Native people of the Americas following European contact in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. As was demonstrated in the last chapter, however, the way these pro-cesses coalesce had as much to do with the deployment of texts as it ...
3. “And I Only Am Escaped To Tell The News”: Witnessing History in the True Narrative of Mary Rowlandson’s Captivity
Download PDF (243.2 KB)
...roy harvey pearce’s 1947 essay, “The Significances of the Cap-tivity Narrative,” marks the first significant study of the Indian cap-tivity narrative. Since then, scholars have employed a variety of criti-cal approaches, from gender, cultural studies, and new historicism to more recent studies in the fields of phenomenology, ecocriticism, ...
4. Fractured Histories, Captive Subjects: The Masque of Textual Effacement
Download PDF (185.8 KB)
In writing, the point is not to manifest or exalt the act of writing, nor is it to pin a subject within language; it is, rather, a question of creating a space into which the writing subject constantly disappears.the traumatic events of King Philip’s War and its aftermath left an indelible impression on the Puritan body politic and nationalist ...
5. Representing the Native in the Twenty-First Century: “A Strange Fish” Still?
Download PDF (200.0 KB)
...pointing down directly at you? Nothing Changes, neither of us knows as alexie’s words bear witness, the events that transpired during the brief period of time between the attack on Lancaster and capti-Met a comet in August of the same year, continue to have an influ-ence on the development of American literary and historical dis-...
Download PDF (55.4 KB)
...we indians dare never forget “history is written by the winners.” Some say this is a generalized adaptation of a quote that is attrib-uted to Napoleon: “History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon.” This is no less true of literary history or the history of a scholarly tradition in academic discourse; and as ...
Download PDF (117.4 KB)
Download PDF (83.8 KB)
Download PDF (44.3 KB)
About the Author
Download PDF (34.1 KB)
...the University of Arizona, with a specialization in Native American literature and critical theory. He serves as an assistant professor and English at the University of Denver, where he teaches courses on twentieth and twenty-first century American and Native American literature and Indigenous studies. His broader research interests in-...
Page Count: 223
Illustrations: 9 photos
Publication Year: 2013
Series Editor Byline: John Smith, Will Wordsworth