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Indigenous Peoples, National Parks, and Protected Areas

A New Paradigm Linking Conservation, Culture, and Rights

Edited by Stan Stevens

Publication Year: 2014

Published by: University of Arizona Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

...States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia who have contributed to this book. I give special thanks to Allyson Carter, editor-in- chief at the University of Arizona Press, for encouragement and guidance. I also appreciate the assistance at the University of Arizona Press of Amanda Piell, Leigh McDonald, Abby...

Abbreviations

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pp. xi-xiv

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Introduction

Stan Stevens

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pp. 3-12

...The fortunes and futures of Indigenous peoples and national parks and other protected areas are entwined across vast areas of the world.1 Indigenous peoples’ lands and waters have provided global conservation with many of its most intact...

Part I. Rethinking Protected Areas and Indigenous Peoples

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Chapter 1. Indigenous Peoples, Biocultural Diversity, and Protected Areas - Stan Stevens

Stan Stevens

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pp. 15-46

...In recent years, Indigenous peoples have gained new international visibility and recognition. The term “Indigenous peoples,” little used in international discourse before the 1980s, has become the watchword of one of the great social and...

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Chapter 2. A New Protected Area Paradigm - Stan Stevens

Stan Stevens

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pp. 47-83

...In September 2003 a remarkable—and possibly watershed—moment in conservation and human rights history took place at the IUCN’s Vth World Parks Congress (WPC) in Durban, South Africa. The WPC is the most important global occasion...

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Chapter 3. Community-Oriented Protected Areas for Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities: Indigenous Protected Areas in Australia - Marcia Langton, Lisa Palmer, and Zane Ma Rhea

Marcia Langton, Lisa Palmer, and Zane Ma Rhea

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pp. 84-107

...Across the globe, community-oriented protected areas have been recognized as an effective way to support the preservation and maintenance of the traditional biodiversity-related knowledge of Indigenous peoples and local communities...

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Chapter 4. A Tale of Three Parks: Tlingit Conservation, Representation, and Repatriation in Southeastern Alaska’s National Parks - Thomas F. Thornton

Thomas F. Thornton

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pp. 108-130

...Why have Native Americans, in general, and the Tlingit of southeastern Alaska, in particular, enjoyed success in gaining governing authority over cultural resource economies but limited success in gaining comanagement over natural resource...

Part II. Complexity and Critiques

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Chapter 5. National Parks in the Canadian North: Comanagement or Colonialism Revisited? - John Sandlos

John Sandlos

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pp. 133-149

...There is a widespread consensus among wildlife conservationists that parks and protected areas offer the last best hope for preserving biodiversity on a regional scale. Borrowing insights from new scientific subdisciplines such as landscape...

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Chapter 6. State Governmentality or Indigenous Sovereignty?: Protected Area Comanagement in the Ashaninka Communal Reserve in Peru - Emily Caruso

Emily Caruso

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pp. 150-171

...Throughout Peru’s history, Amazonia has constituted both an asset and a challenge to the nation-state. Viewed both as a treasure chest of wild and immense riches that would benefit the nation and as an unstable, mysterious, and dangerous...

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Chapter 7. Green Neoliberal Space: The Mesoamerican Biological Corridor - Mary Finley-Brook

Mary Finley-Brook

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pp. 172-196

...Transitions toward transnationalized environmental states and inhabited eco-zones based on ideals of “green” neoliberalism are established as much through economic and political coercion as through staking claim to authoritative environmental...

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Chapter 8. “Bargaining with Patriarchy”: Miskito Struggles over Family Land in the Honduran Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve - Sharlene Mollett

Sharlene Mollett

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pp. 197-214

...The establishment and consolidation of protected areas in Latin America, referred to recently as the conservation “boom,” has become a growing subject of geographic inquiry (Zimmerer and Carter 2002; Sundberg 2006). This so-called boom...

Part III. Moving Forward: Opportunities, Constraints, and Negotiations

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Chapter 9. Mutual Gains and Distributive Ideologies in South Africa: Theorizing Negotiations between Communities and Protected Areas - Derick A. Fay

Derick A. Fay

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pp. 217-240

...adjoining communities are increasingly involved in formal negotiation processes with state officials, NGOs, and other actors. With a few exceptions (Glavovic 1996; MacDonald 1997; Steenkamp 2001), the literature on community–protected area relations...

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Chapter 10. Conservation and Maya Autonomy in Guatemala’s Western Highlands: The Case of Totonicapán - Brian W. Conz

Brian W. Conz

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pp. 241-260

...Contemporary efforts to implement new paradigm approaches to conservation may help to redress the legacies of fortress conservation (Brockington 2002) and the Yellowstone model (Stevens 1986, 1997a), but they face social, political, and ecological...

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Chapter 11. Indigenous Peoples’ and Community Conserved Territories and Areas in the High Himalaya: Recognition and Rights in Nepal’s National Parks - Stan Stevens

Stan Stevens

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pp. 261-282

...In Nepal, as in many other parts of the world, Indigenous peoples continue to protect sacred natural sites, collectively manage forest and grazing commons, and maintain sustainable land-use practices even after their territories have been...

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Chapter 12. Advancing the New Paradigm: Implementation, Challenges, and Potential - Stan Stevens

Stan Stevens

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pp. 283-312

...The new protected area paradigm embraces Indigenous peoples’ conservation achievements and capacity and considers them vital to creating, sustaining, and restoring global biocultural diversity. It envisions global conservation as being...

References

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pp. 313-360

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Editor and Contributors

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pp. 361-364

...participation in the IUCN’s Commission on Environmental, Economic, and Social Policy and the intercommission group Theme/Strategic Direction on Governance, Communities, Equity, and Livelihood Rights in Relation to Protected...

Illustration Credits

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pp. 365-366

Index

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pp. 367-380


E-ISBN-13: 9780816598601
E-ISBN-10: 0816598606
Print-ISBN-13: 9780816530915
Print-ISBN-10: 0816530912

Page Count: 392
Illustrations: 17 photos, 17 illustrations, 6 tables
Publication Year: 2014

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Subject Headings

  • Nature -- Effect of human beings on.
  • Indigenous peoples -- Land tenure.
  • Indigenous peoples -- Government relations.
  • Environmental protection.
  • Environmental policy.
  • Conservation of natural resources.
  • Land tenure -- Government policy.
  • Natural areas -- Government policy.
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