Death and Dying in Colonial Spanish America
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: University of Arizona Press
Title Page, Copyright
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From the Here to the Hereafter: An Introduction to Death and Dying
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in 1955, social anthropologist Geoffrey Gorer published a short essay titled “The Pornography of Death,” in which he likened Victorian sexual taboos to the modern western attitude toward death.1 Death behind closed doors, unexamined and undiscussed, had created a new set of sanctions concerning what could and could...
1. Noble Nahuas, Faith, and Death: How the Indigenous Elite of the Colonial Puebla-Tlaxcala Valley Prepared to Perish
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Many decades prior to the arrival of Spanish soldiers to Mesoamerica, the disgruntled indigenous nobles of Ocotelulco-Tlaxcala beat their despised ruler, Acatentehua, to death.1 Considered one of the most violent and corrupt lords in Tlaxcala’s history, Acatentehua had ruled with an iron fist, subjugating and exploiting his subjects...
2. Reading the (Dead) Body: Histories of Suicide in New Spain
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tucked away in the files of the Mexican Inquisition is a mid-seventeenth- century case of priestly suicide from the northern frontiers of New Spain that speaks to the conditions under which the clergy was working on the edges of the colony. In the early 1660s, a priest known only as fray Miguel, then serving in a New Mexican...
3. The Autopsy of Fray García Guerra: Corporal Meanings in Seventeenth-Century Mexico
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Fray García Guerra, archbishop and viceroy of New Spain between 1608 and 1612, is the first of a cortege of characters that parade through Irving A. Leonard’s classic Baroque Times in Old Mexico.1 Oscillating between fortune, glory, and abjection, and marked by heavenly and earthly catastrophes of all kinds, García Guerra’s short...
4. The Death of the Monarch as Colonial Sacrament
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In 1647, Mexico City’s elite Spanish subjects and urban confraternities performed the royal funerary honors, las exequias reales, for the recent and unexpected death of Prince don Baltasar Carlos of Spain, aged seventeen. Prince Baltasar Carlos never reigned or managed the affairs of the empire, nor did he become part of the Spanish regal pantheon. Yet, as loyal subjects of the Crown, the Spanish...
5. Exemplary Punishment in Colonial Lima: The 1639 Auto de Fe
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As with the broader picture of Spanish colonial expansion, the literature devoted to the study of the Spanish Inquisition has, on many occasions, emphasized the violence and terror exerted by this repressive institution. As it emerges in depictions that can be labeled part of the so-called Black Legend,1 the Tribunal of the Holy Office...
6. Angelic Death and Sacrifice in Early Modern Hispanic America
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by beginning his chapter on the Sacraments with this adaptation of a citation from Isaiah 12, the sixteenth-century Andean missionary fray Jerónimo de Ore located the central tenets of the Catholic faith within the framework of an Andean sacred landscape.3 Once illustrated in a language evocative of springs and water sources, the...
7. Medicine and the Dead: Conflicts over Burial Reform and Piety in Lima, 1808–1850
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In late May of 1808 Creole doctors, ecclesiastical authorities, and government officials intruded in unprecedented ways into the ritual life and religious practices of Lima’s ethnically and culturally diverse population in the name of public health. Citing a series of royal decrees and a growing body of literature on the risks of residing and...
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About the Contributors
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Page Count: 288
Publication Year: 2011