Ideologies in Archaeology
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: University of Arizona Press
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Ideology and Archaeology: Between Imagination and Relational Practice
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In his well-known essay Man Makes Himself, V. Gordon Childe (1936: 134) wrote that “war helped in a great discovery—that men as well as animals can be domesticated. Instead of killing a defeated enemy, he might be enslaved.” Generations of students and scholars seem to have...
I. Complex Relations: Archaeologists’ Ideologies and Those of Their Subjects
1. A Conceptual History of Ideology and Its Place in Archaeology
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The history of the notion of ideology is as convoluted as the many attempts to define the concept. Our account points out the relationship of this history to early anthropology and archaeology. We highlight the nineteenth- and twentieth-century intellectual histories that constitute...
2. A Hegemonic Struggle of Cosmological Proportions: The Traditional House of the Malagasy Highlands in the Face of Indigenous and Foreign Regimes
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In the days of the dominant “materialist ideologies” of systems theory, optimal foraging, cultural and behavioral ecology, political economy, and similar explanatory doctrines, the realm of worldviews and symbols and their specific cultural content was often of minor theoretical import. ...
3. The Archaeology of “Shoppertainment”: Ideology, Empowerment, and Place in Consumer Culture
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Lauren Langman (1992: 40) argues that “every historical epoch has distinct ways of organizing time, space, behavior, and subjectivity. These converge in its principal architectural sites and public spaces that articulate cultural texts of meaning, identity and power.” ...
4. Archaeology in the Public Interest: Tourist Effects and Other Paradoxes That Come with Heritage Tourism
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Archaeology is popular, as many have noticed, and as Holtorf (2007) has recently celebrated in Archaeology Is a Brand! Popular interest can be, and has been, yoked to support for archaeological excavations and stewardship of archaeological sites, bringing archaeology to the public. ...
5. Imperial Ideologies and Hidden Transcripts: A Case from Akkadian-Period Mesopotamia
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When we think of ideology and archaeology, it is mostly to ask how and why we investigate ideologies in the past and how doing so enables us to better understand past societies. These are worthwhile endeavors, but they are far from being the only places where ideology enters archaeology. ...
6. The Illusion of Power, the Power of Illusion: Ideology and the Concretization of Social Difference in Early–Iron Age Europe
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West-central European societies in the pre-Roman Iron Age (table 6.1, figure 6.1) have several characteristics that make them an ideal context within which to problematize ideology in action as manifested in the material-culture remains of sociopolitical power: ...
II. Ideological Dimensions of Archaeological Discourse
7. Inventing Human Nature
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Since the late nineteenth century, anthropology, particularly archaeological and paleoanthropological studies and the ethnography of hunter-gatherers, has changed our understanding of what it means to be human. A question that was theological or philosophical found new answers in science. ...
8. Histories of Mound Building and Scales of Explanation in Archaeology
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The explanations we construct to explain past lives reflect the theories, methodologies, and ideologies that underlie our investigations. Of these, researchers’ ideologies are usually the least explicit. It is true that in anthropology, ideologies have been addressed via debates over gender biases...
9. Secularism as Ideology: Exploring Assumptions of Cultural Equivalence in Museum Repatriation
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The concepts sacred and secular are standard tools in contemporary social and cultural analysis. A secularist tendency that eschews overt pronunciations of religious faith is a particular hallmark of modern science, Marxism, multiculturalism, and most present-day archaeological analysis. ...
10. Imagined Pasts Imagined: Memory and Ideology in Archaeology
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My task in this paper is to examine the relationships between ideology and a burgeoning archaeological interest in social memory. I see ideology and social memory as intersecting and overlapping constructs. At the scale of our individual lives, we know ourselves through our experiences...
11. Hidden Boundaries: Archaeology, Education, and Ideology in the United States
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This article is about archaeology and education in the United States and the ideologies that structure us to perceive the intersection of these realms in certain ways; it also includes some thoughts as to how we can better tune into the silent music of schools in their role as an ideological...
12. Ideology, Archaeology
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Ideology pervades all forms of social practice, including theoretical reasoning and scientific practice. This chapter will first define ideology and the place it occupies in ways of thinking and acting. We define ideology as thought that always refers directly or indirectly to a given material reality. ...
13. Commentary: Can Archaeology Change Society?
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It is a great pleasure to read the contributions in this volume, and I deeply thank the editors for having given me the opportunity to comment on them. My task is enjoyable for several interrelated reasons. The volume provides a European reader like myself with a good idea of current...
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About the Editors
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About the Contributors
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Index [Includes Back Cover]
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Publication Year: 2011