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The Future of North American Integration

Beyond NAFTA

edited by Peter Hakim and Robert E. Litan

Publication Year: 2002

When it came into force in 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) joined the economic futures of Canada, Mexico, and the United States, with systematic rules governing trade and investment, dispute resolution, and economic relations. However, economic integration among the three countries extends considerably beyond trade and investment. The NAFTA agreement takes a very narrow view of integration, barely addressing such vital issues as immigration policy and labor markets, the energy sector, environmental protection, and law enforcement. The governments of Canada, Mexico, and the United States now must confront the question of whether NAFTA is enough. Do they want to keep their trilateral relationship focused on economic matters or are they interested in integrating more deeply —perhaps initiating a process to build a North American Community similar to the European Union? This volume contains thoughtful discussions about the future of North America by knowledgeable experts from each of the three countries. Robert Pastor has written one of the more comprehensive books on the subject, Toward a North American Community (Institute for International Economics, 2001). Andrés Rozental is an ambassador at large for Mexico and president of Consejo Mexicano de Asuntos Internationacionales, the country's leading foreign policy association in Mexico. Perrin Beatty is a former foreign minister of Canada and currently the president and CEO of the Canadian Manufacturers and Exporters. The governments of Canada, the United States, and Mexico face thorny challenges as they decide whether and how to accelerate smooth, and institutionalize the integration process. Pastor, Rozenthal, and Beatty encourage greater dialogue among the three governments and their citizens, as well as more systematic thinking among policymakers and citizens about the promise and challenges of further North American integration. This volume considers the promise and challenges of further North American integration, including: - migration, security cooperation, and cross-border commerce - the establishment of a permanent North American Court on Trade and Investment, to replace the current ad hoc tribunals -the possibility of widening NAFTA to incorporate countries in Central America and the Caribbean -collaboration in dealing with criminal drug trafficking, environmental protection, energy and water management, and transportation, communications and other infrastructure development.

Published by: Brookings Institution Press

Title Page

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pp. iii-

Copyright Page

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pp. iv-

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Foreword

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pp. vii-xi

“Integration” has a powerful and positive resonance in the vocabulary of American policy and politics. The word is associated with progress, fairness, mutual benefit, good governance, and a healthy community. But for some, it’s been a fighting word, associated with take-no-prisoners debate and even violence. That’s because what one person, or one part of the community, advocates as a welcome step, ...

Table of Contents

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pp. xiii-

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Chapter 1: Introduction

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pp. 1-30

When it came into force on January 1, 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) joined the economic futures of Canada, Mexico, and the United States. Clearly both Canada and Mexico—given their geography and markets—had been integrating with the United States well before NAFTA took effect. Indeed, the United States ...

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Chapter 2: Canada in North America

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pp. 31-72

Even before Confederation, Canadians’ views of themselves were shaped and defined by their relationship with their southern neighbors. Canada was born of the fear that, without banding together, the remaining colonies of British North America would inexorably be absorbed by the stronger and more ...

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Chapter 3: Integrating North America

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pp. 73-86

When Mexican president-elect Vicente Fox traveled to the United States and Canada shortly after his unprecedented victory at the polls in July 2000, he brought with him a courageous proposal to the other two members of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): After seven years under a free trade agreement, it was time to set the ...

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Chapter 4: NAFTA is not Enough

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pp. 87-118

More than four hundred million people in 2002 live in the United States, Mexico, and Canada, but few, if any, think of themselves as residents of “North America.” The term has described the continent’s geography but not its people. The governments of these three countries have devoted so much energy to declaring their differences that they have given ...

Contributors

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pp. 119-120

Index

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pp. 121-130


E-ISBN-13: 9780815798866
E-ISBN-10: 0815798865

Page Count: 129
Publication Year: 2002