Telecommunications Liberalization on Two Sides of the Atlantic
Publication Year: 2001
The 1990s witnessed a major revolution in telecommunications policy in North America and Europe. The electronics revolution swept the world, and most countries began to realize that they could not compete in many markets without a vibrant, competitive telecommunications sector. As a result, the European Union, Canada, and the United States launched major new liberalization policies aimed at opening all telecommunications markets to competition. This report presents two views of the progress towards competition one for North America and one for Europe. The authors provide an overview of the market structure on both continents prior to the 1990s, discuss significant regulatory changes during that decade, and analyze changes in rate structures and competition that have occurred since liberalization. They conclude with a look at the present and future impact of the Internet and other new technologies on the telecommunications industry.
Published by: Brookings Institution Press
Table of Contents
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The United States, Canada, and the European Union have embarked on ambitious programs of liberalization of their telecommunications sectors. The United States led this effort by opening its long-distance market to competition in the 1970s, but it was the enactment of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, ...
Chapter 1: Telecommunications Policy in North America and Europe
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The 1990s witnessed a major revolution in telecommunications policy in North America and Europe. Although telecommunications liberalization had begun in the United States in the 1970s and in the United Kingdom in the mid-1980s, there was no consensus on the need to substitute competition ...
Chapter 2: Telecommunications Policy Reform in the United States and Canada
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The regulation of telecommunications in the United States and Canada has undergone formidable reform in recent years. Most attention is understandably focused on the United States’ Telecommunications Act of 1996 because it marked a fundamental departure from decades of established regulatory policy. ...
Chapter 3: The Liberalization of European Telecommunications
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In this chapter we provide an overview of the liberalization process in European telecommunications and point out what we consider the major items on its agenda for the next few years. Given the comparative nature of this study, we also point out some differences from and common features with the U.S. experience. ...
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About the Authors
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Martin Cave is professor at Warwick Business School, Warwick University. He has written extensively on regulation of the telecommunications industry, especially in Europe. He is coauthor, with Robert Baldwin, of Understanding Regulation (Oxford University Press, 1999). ...
Page Count: 64
Publication Year: 2001