Art Works in Economic Development
Publication Year: 2013
Urban and regional planners, elected officials, and other decisionmakers are increasingly focused on what makes places livable. Access to the arts inevitably appears high on that list, but knowledge about how culture and the arts can act as a tool of economic development is sadly lacking. This important sector must be considered not only as a source of amenities or pleasant diversions, but also as a wholly integrated part of local economies. Employing original data produced through both quantitative and qualitative research, Creative Communities provides a greater understanding of how art works as an engine for transforming communities.
"Without good data and analysis much of it grounded in economic theory we cannot hope to strengthen communities through the arts or to achieve any of the other goals we set for the National Endowment for the Arts, the largest nationwide funder of the arts." from the Foreword by Rocco Landesman
Contributors: Hasan Bakhshi (Nesta UK), Elisa Barbour (University of California, Berkeley), Shiri M. Breznitz (Georgia Institute of Technology), Roland J. Kushner (Muhlenberg College), Rex LaMore (Michigan State University), James Lawton (Michigan State), Neil Lee (Nesta UK), Richard G. Maloney (Boston University), Ann Markusen (University of Minnesota), Juan Mateos-Garcia (Nesta UK), Anne Gadwa Nicodemus (Metris Arts Consulting), Douglas S. Noonan (Indiana UniversityPurdue University Indianapolis), Peter Pedroni (Williams College), Amber Peruski (Michigan State), Michele Root-Bernstein (Michigan State), Robert Root-Bernstein (Michigan State), Eileen Roraback (Michigan State), Michael Rushton (Indiana University), Lauren Schmitz (New School for Social Research), Jenny Schuetz (University of Southern California), John Schweitzer (Michigan State), Stephen Sheppard (Williams College), Megan VanDyke (Michigan State), Gregory H. Wassall (Northeastern University)
Published by: Brookings Institution Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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Table of Contents
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Since I took over as chairman of the National Endowment for the Artsin 2009, I have spent a lot of my time in pursuit of creative placemaking,which seeks to integrate art and design in community planning and develop-ment, build shared spaces for arts engagement and creative expression, andincrease local economic activity through arts and cultural activities. This goal...
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...where these papers were first presented would not have taken place withoutthe initiative and support of the National Endowment for the Arts. For theirsupport of the project from its conception to publication, thanks are due toRocco Landesman, Joan Shigekawa, Sunil Iyengar, Ellen Grantham, BonnieNichols, and Joanna Woronkowicz. Many thanks also to the Brookings Insti-...
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This volume presents original research findings on the impacts of cul-tural consumption and production on local economies. The chapters arebased on papers presented at “The Arts, New Growth Theory, and EconomicDevelopment,” a May 2012 Brookings Institution symposium sponsored bythe National Endowment for the Arts. The central theme of the symposium...
Causal Agents or Canaries in the Coal Mine? Art Galleries and Neighborhood Change
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Art galleries serve several important functions within the arts indus-try. Economically, galleries are places of arts consumption, generally focusingon visual arts such as painting and sculpture. If artists visit galleries to learnabout their peers’ work, galleries may also contribute to enhanced arts pro-duction. Galleries are almost always for-profit entities; the main distinction...
The Arts, Consumption, and Innovation in Regional Development
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Economic development strategy at the state, regional, and local levelshas been dominated by economic (or export) base theory, which posits thatexports drive overall growth, whether measured by employment, output, orvalue added. The dominance of export base theory directs policy attention andincentives chiefly to businesses whose output is exported from the city or region....
A Case Study in Cultural Economic Development: The Adams Arts Programs in Massachusetts
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Today municipalities face many pressing financial challenges, whichtypically include declining tax revenues, reduced federal and state aid, andincreased demand for local services. As a result, local leaders are continuouslysearching for new economic development strategies to reinvigorate their taxbase. During the past decade, the idea that the arts and culture sector can...
Do Cultural Tax Districts Buttress Revenue Growth for Arts Organizations?
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What role should public funding play in financing the arts in theUnited States? A wealth of research has assessed whether lump-sum govern-ment transfers to nonprofit organizations “crowd out” private giving. How-ever, less attention has been paid to the incidence of local voter-approvedcultural tax districts in the country and the effect that they have had on the...
Arts, Crafts, and STEM Innovation: A Network Approach to Understanding the Creative Knowledge Economy
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...ongoing participation in the arts in adulthood may help individuals todevelop the kinds of skills and knowledge that foster innovation in sciencesand technologies. Since 1988 a number of scholars have noted the presence ofindirect relationships between arts-rich communities and high-tech entre-preneurship.1 These scholars have identified a so-called “creative class” of...
Arts Districts, Universities, and the Rise of Media Arts
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On the surface, the expected relationship between indicators of eco-nomic growth and the presence of universities and arts districts might seemfairly straightforward. Universities are generally associated far more closelywith innovation, at least the kinds of innovation measured in terms ofpatents and inventions, while arts districts are typically thought to promote...
Cultural Enterprise Formation and Cultural Participation in America's Counties
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...“Is this a good place to start my arts venture?” Arts entrepreneursinvariably consider that question as part of their overall development. Entre-preneurship, like labor and capital, is mobile, but a new arts enterprise is mostlikely to emerge from a particular locale. As seen from other chapters in thisvolume, the particular characteristics of American communities affect the...
The Economic Consequences of Cultural Spending
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Does increasing local arts and culture production have a positiveimpact on the local economy? In some sense the answer to that question isobvious. When arts and culture production occurs, inputs are purchased,artists and support staff are paid, and that activity, like other types of pro-duction activity, is part of the local economy. Increased arts and culture pro-...
Capital of Culture? An Economic Analysis of the Relationship between Arts and Cultural Clusers, Wages, and the Creative Economy in English Cities
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The scale of public investment in arts and cultural clusters in recentdecades suggests that policymakers consider the arts and cultural sector to bean important component of the infrastructure that makes their cities betterable to innovate, compete, and grow. There is empirical evidence of a strongcorrelation between arts and cultural clustering on the one hand and the eco-...
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Series Page, Back Cover
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Page Count: 225
Publication Year: 2013