America, India, and Pakistan to the Brink and Back
Publication Year: 2013
India and Pakistan will be among the most important countries in the twenty-first century. In Avoiding Armageddon, Bruce Riedel clearly explains the challenge and the importance of successfully managing America's affairs with these two emerging powers and their toxic relationship.
Born from the British Raj, the two nations share a common heritage, but they are different in many important ways. India is already the world's largest democracy and will soon become the planet's most populous nation. Pakistan, soon to be the fifth most populous country, has a troubled history of military coups, dictators, and harboring terrorists such as Osama bin Laden.
The longtime rivals are nuclear powers, with tested weapons. They have fought four wars with each other and have gone to the brink of war several times. Meanwhile, U.S. presidents since Franklin Roosevelt have been increasingly involved in the region's affairs. In the past two decades alone, the White House has intervened several times to prevent nuclear confrontation on the subcontinent. South Asia clearly is critical to American national security, and the volatile relationship between India and Pakistan is the crucial factor determining whether the region can ever be safe and stable.
Based on extensive research and Riedel's role in advising four U.S. presidents on the region, Avoiding Armageddon reviews the history of American diplomacy in South Asia, the crises that have flared in recent years, and the prospects for future crisis. Riedel provides an in-depth look at the Mumbai terrorist attack in 2008, the worst terrorist outrage since 9/11, and he concludes with authoritative analysis on what the future is likely to hold for America and the South Asia puzzle as well as recommendations on how Washington should proceed.
Published by: Brookings Institution Press
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...assessment of pressing policy issues of interest to a broad audience. Each book includes recommendations for action on the issue discussed.by Martin S. Indyk, Kenneth G. Lieberthal, and Michael E. O?Hanlon...
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Table of Contents
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President-eleCt BaraCk oBama made his first substantive call to a for-eign leader on November 28, 2008, amid terrible tragedy. India, the world?s largest democracy, was still in shock from an attack by ten Pakistani terrorists that had killed more than 160 people, six the country?s financial capital. Obama began his conversation with ...
Mumbai on Fire
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...the view FroM my room in the Oberoi Hotel was beautiful at dusk, with the sun setting over the blue Arabian Sea while down below the traffic flowed on Marine Drive, which curves along the beach-front in Mumbai. As the lights came alive in the late afternoon sky, the streets of the financial capital of India throbbed with activity. ...
America, The Raj, and Partition
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THE CAbinET dining room at Number 10 Downing Street is a historic, impressive place to meet. I was a guest of Prime Minister David Cameron, who had invited me to participate as an outside expert in a meeting of the United Kingdom?s National Security Council in December 2011 to take stock of British policy toward Pakistan and ...
In the Shadow of the Cold War: The First Forty Years
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HAwAII wAS An unlikely place to meet with the Pakistani minister of defense and the fiftieth anniversary of Japan?s surrender in World War II was an unlikely occasion for the meeting. But in 1995 Secre-tary of Defense William J. Perry and I were in a conference room of a five-star hotel there to honor Pakistan?s role in Japan?s defeat and ...
The Carter and Reagon Years
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...tampa, florida, is a long way from South Asia, but in mid-2011 I was there to attend a conference at the headquarters of the U.S. Central mand of that part of the U.S. military whose area of responsibility times over the past three decades to discuss American war plans and military missions. This time I was to review Pakistan?s role in ...
From Crisis to Crisis: Bush and Clinton
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...the oFFiCe oF the deputy national security adviser to the president of the United States is tiny. In many American homes, the walk-in closets are larger. But in the White House, proximity is power, and the deputy sits near his boss, the national security adviser to the president, who has a much more spacious, lavish office in the ...
Bush, Mush, and Sonia
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...preSident GeorGe W. BuSh was a man in a hurry, pacing the Treaty of the mansion, is a private study for the president; a large painting hanging there depicts President Lincoln, General Grant, General Sherman, and Admiral Porter in a meeting in early 1865 to decide the final offensive campaigns of the Civil War. The room is usu-...
Obama and South Asia
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...the prinCipalS COmmittee of the National Security Council is chaired meeting on his new strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan; later he was to give a nationally televised speech laying out his thinking to the American people. As the chairman of the strategic review of policy toward Afghanistan and Pakistan, a job that the president ...
Promoting Game Change in South Asia
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...the thar DeSert of Rajasthan, an arid wasteland astride the Indian and Pakistani border, is a forbidding place. In the summer, it can be as hot as any spot on earth. Fortunately, I was staying the night Studies, was visiting the subcontinent for a month in September Indian air force jet fighter base. After a tour of the MiG-29 jets ...
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Page Count: 230
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Brookings FOCUS Book