Arab Society in Revolt
The West's Mediterranean Challenge
Publication Year: 1212
Published by: Brookings Institution Press
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On December 17, 2010, a twenty-six-year-old street vendor named Mohamed Bouazizi doused himself with gasoline, lit a match, and set himself on fire outside the municipal headquarters of a provincial Tunisian town. His desperate act followed persistent harassment...
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The draft texts of the chapters of this book were first discussed in a seminar hosted by the Robert Schumann Center of Advanced Studies at European University Institute in Florence in February 2011. A second version was the object of a conference held in the Paris premises...
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In our time civil society has growing relevance in the global polity and in international relations. At the same time, it is undergoing profound and rapid change in almost every corner of the planet. People today increasingly communicate, interrelate, and enter into conflicts...
Part 1: Societal Change in the Arab Muslim World
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Demography, Migration, and Revolt in the Southern Mediterranean
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For the people of the Mediterranean, the early 2010s will be remembered as a period of great change. In the south, Arab citizens’ claims to fundamental freedoms and dignities have toppled—or at least seriously shaken—decades-old dictatorships...
2. Islamic Revival and Democracy: The Case in Tunisia and Egypt
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In this short analysis of the role of the religious factor in the societal change occurring on the southern shores of the Mediterranean, it may be appropriate to begin from a point already hinted at in the Introduction. An entrenched prejudice in Western...
3. The Changing Role of Women in Society
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In January–February 2011, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in Tunisia and Hosni Mubarak in Egypt were overthrown by unprecedented mass mobilizations. Inspired by the Tunisian and the Egyptian revolutions, a wave of popular protest has spread to other Arab...
4. Mediterranean Islamic Expression and Web 2.0
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Just prior to 9/11, I completed writing a piece entitled “Islam Interactive: Mediterranean Islamic Expression on the World Wide Web” for the journal Mediterranean Politics, subsequently published in the book...
5. Modern Commercial and Social Entrepreneurship as a Factor of Change
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Classical modernization and political economy approaches both consider a wide array of economic agents as potential drivers for change. These actors include international agents such as foreign companies (not only trans national corporations but also smaller...
6. The Economics of Arab Transitions
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Lack of economic freedom in the southern Mediterranean countries played an important role in the revolutions of 2011. At the onset of the Arab Spring, the economies were characterized by high unemployment, especially among youth and women...
Part 2: Consequences and Policy Options
7. Midwife or Spectator? U.S. Policies toward North Africa in the Twenty-First Century
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American policymakers, academics, and pundits did not wait long to begin deconstructing the decade of events leading to 2011’s revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya, and to reflect upon the collective failure to predict the imminence of regional political...
8. The Power of False Analogies: Misunderstanding Political Islam in a Post-Totalitarian World
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“We have seen their kind before,” President George W. Bush said of those who attacked the United States on September 11, 2001. “They’re the heirs of all the murderous ideologies of the 20th century. By sacrificing human life to serve their radical...
9. Societal Change and Political Responses in Euro-Mediterranean Relations
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The European Union has long developed important and comprehensive relations with North Africa in the framework of the various initiatives it has launched and undertaken in the Mediterranean. In the context of EU external relations, the policy toward the...
10. The West and the Islamist Challenge: Toward a Common Religious Market?
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A key issue in relations between the West and the Middle East is religion, either defined as a faith or reduced to a culture. There is nevertheless a dissymmetry in the conception of the role played by religion in politics, both in the West and between the West and the...
11. The Challenge of a Changing Arab Islam in Future Transatlantic Relations
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Europe lost its global dominance during the twentieth century. The United States assumed the role of the number one world power, but with the transition into this century, it has been increasingly seen as surrendering that primacy—the extent and nature of the surrender...
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Page Count: 268
Publication Year: 1212