A Global View of the American School
Publication Year: 2013
The relative deficiencies of U.S. public schools are a serious concern to parents and policymakers. But they should be of concern to all Americans, as a globalizing world introduces new competition for talent, markets, capital, and opportunity. In Endangering Prosperity, a trio of experts on international education policy compares the performance of American schools against that of other nations. The net result is a mixed but largely disappointing picture that clearly shows where improvement is most needed. The authors' objective is not to explain the deep causes of past failures but to document how dramatically the U.S. school system has failed its students and its citizens. It is a wake-up call for structural reform. To move forward to a different and better future requires that we understand just how serious a situation America faces today.
For example, the authors consider the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), an international mathematics examination. America is stuck in the middle of average scores, barely beating out European countries whose national economies are in the red zone. U.S. performance as measured against stronger economies is even weaker in total, 32 nations outperformed the United States. The authors also delve into comparative reading scores. A mere 31 percent of U.S. students in the class of 2011 could perform at the "proficient" level as measured by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) program, compared with South Korea's result of 47 percent. And while some observers may downplay the significance of cross-globe comparisons, they should note that Canadian students are dramatically outpacing their U.S. counterparts as well.
Clearly something is wrong with this picture, and this book clearly explicates the costs of inaction. The time for incremental tweaking the system is long past wider, deeper, and more courageous steps are needed, as this book amply demonstrates with accessible prose, supported with hard data that simply cannot be ignored.
Published by: Brookings Institution Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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Table of Contents
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...in an elitist age. Today, the battle for America’s future will not been done and those who in fact take the test are far from a sations and some look at the data that the answer would surely lie age is inflicted on our economy. In an agricultural economy noth-ing is more important than the quality of the land being farmed. ...
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...earlier versions of this work. We thank the members of the Koret Task Force on K–12 Education at the Hoover Institution—John Kathryn Sargent Ciffolillo provided valuable editorial assistance.Searle Liberty Trust, Packard Humanities Institute, William and University. The authors contributed equally to the study and are ...
An Economic Future Imperiled
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...(and also participated in the PISA international student achieve-ment test), the United States came in eighteenth in advanced math achievement, just edging out the United Kingdom, Italy, Russia, It is fashionable to attribute these results to sizable numbers of minority students, or to student home environments, or to the qual-...
Human Capital and Economic Prosperity
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...tion attained by the citizens of a country, that is, the number hours a day, the number of days a year, and the number of years logged before leaving the formal education system. In the United States, local school districts are typically given additional money for every additional day a student is in school. Not surprisingly, ...
A Global View of U.S. Student Proficiency Rates
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...than competence in these basic subjects, but it is difficult to than their counterparts in many other industrialized countries. dents in the class of 2011, when they were in the eighth grade. Then, two years later a nationally representative sample of U.S. students (albeit different students) in this age cohort took the ...
U.S. Advanced Performance in Global Perspective
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...logical leader of the global marketplace for the twenty-first cen-tury.”1 In the words of the National Academy of Sciences report that jump-started the coalition’s formation, the nation needs to “increase” its “talent pool by improving K–12 science and mathe-matics education.”2 The U.S. position as the “world’s innovator” ...
Economic Benefits of Higher Performance
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...—Nor is the United States bringing as large a percentage of its students to the advanced level as twentynine other countries in In this chapter we show that the effects of that lackluster system of education are more costly than the more politically salient deficit crisis to which Jeb Bush refers. We do so by identifying the ...
A Global View of Growth in U.S. Achievement
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...ment in school through the age of fifteen has been near universal age of fifteen from a quantitative increment in schooling.1 Future tion in homes, where better-educated parents transmit knowledge Still, future gains in school quality, if not school quantity, would seem likely. U.S. governments at every level have taken education-...
Substantive Concerns and Political Obstacles
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...address the country’s educational malaise is extremely costly Fortunately, the situation is not intractable. In some parts of achievement gains are being realized. If it can happen elsewhere, including in parts of the United States, there is no reason it cannot ter, we consider some of the concerns and objections to the thesis ...
Appendix A: Methodology for Comparing U.S. and International Performance
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Appendix B: Two Measures of Reading Proficiency
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Page Count: 147
Publication Year: 2013