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The End of Nostalgia

Mexico Confronts the Challenges of Global Competition

edited by Diana Villiers Negroponte

Publication Year: 2013

Today's Mexico is strongly determined to become a full player in the globalizing international economy. It has increased its manufacturing output in areas such as automobiles and electronics, and both corporate and government sectors would like to take greater strides toward being a full global player. But do the underlying institutional and cultural elements exist to support such an economic effort?

In The End of Nostalgia, editor Diana Villiers Negroponte and colleagues from both sides of the Rio Grande examine the path that Mexico will likely take in the near future. It remains a land in transition, from a one-party political system steeped in a colonial Spanish past toward a modern liberal democracy with open markets. What steps are necessary for this proud nation to continue its momentum toward effective participation in a highly competitive world?

Contributors:

Armando Chacón is the research director at the Mexican Institute for Competitiveness.

Arturo Franco has worked with Cementos de Mexico (CEMEX) and the World Bank. He was a Global Leadership fellow at the World Economic Forum on Latin America, 2008–11.

Eduardo Guerrero is a partner at Lantía Consultores in Mexico City, where he works on security assessment. He joined the Secretaría de Gobernación in December 2012.

Andrés Rozental holds the permanent rank of Eminent Ambassador of Mexico. He is president of Rozental & Asociados and is a nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution.

Christopher Wilson is an associate at the Mexico Institute of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

Duncan Wood is a member of the Mexican National Research System and editorial adviser to Reforma newspaper. Since January 2013, he has been the director of the Mexico Institute at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

Published by: Brookings Institution Press

Front Cover

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pp. 1-3

Title Page

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p. 4-4

Copyright Information

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p. 5-5

Table of Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

Many individuals have supported this project since Arturo Franco brought the idea for it to Brookings in August 2011. While each of the authors bears responsibility for the contents of his or her chapter, we would like to thank Mauricio Cárdenas for supporting the initial project and Rafael Rangel Sostmann and Kevin Casas-Zamora for guiding the project. ...

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1. The End of Nostalgia: Mexico Confronts the Challenges of a Global Era

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pp. 1-9

Mexicans are proud of their noble ancestors: the most ancient Olmecs; Zapotec artists; Mayan traders; and Aztec warriors, who created a century-long empire. Later, Spanish conquerors, bringing with them both disease and Catholicism, melded with the indigenous populations to form a complex people whose adherence to a glorious past ...

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2. Piecing Together the Puzzle of Mexico's Growth

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pp. 10-39

By the end of the twentieth century, Mexico had convincingly positioned itself as one of the most promising emerging economies in the world. After several episodes of economic instability, marked by high inflation, fiscal excesses, and recurring financial crises, the country, following the economic orthodoxy of the time, ...

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3. Unlocking Mexico's Political Gridlock

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pp. 40-56

As the Mexican congress approached the end of its final spring session in April 2012, it became clear that the inability of the country’s major political parties to reach consensus would continue to deter progress on both the political and the economic front. ...

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4. Energy Challenges for the Peña Nieto Administration

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pp. 57-72

As Mexico enters a new political era following the presidential election of July 2012, its energy sector faces the prospect of radical reform. Mexico’s problems with oil production and reserves are, of course, well known in the global energy community, and after years of discussion in the relatively elevated circles of national and international energy experts, ...

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5. Toward a Regional Competitiveness Agenda: U.S.-Mexico Trade and Investment

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pp. 73-91

Though hidden from the public eye behind headlines on organized crime, violence, and illegal immigration, the economic relationship between the United States and Mexico is strong and growing. Economic cooperation has the potential to act as a strategic driver for the entire bilateral relationship. ...

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6. The Priority of Education in Mexico

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pp. 92-111

Countries with the highest productivity per employed person are, with no exception, countries where education levels have grown consistently and the average education level has reached thirteen years of schooling or more. While in Mexico access to education is nearly universal at the primary and secondary levels, ...

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7. Security Policy and the Crisis of Violence in Mexico

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pp. 112-151

Since 2006 Mexico’s federal government has implemented a series of bold interventions to fight organized crime. The last three governments developed vigorous security policies that required each of them to choose among different security priorities, implementing some policy alternatives and rejecting others. ...

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8. The Mérida Initiative: A Mechanism for Bilateral Cooperation

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pp. 152-169

Historically, relations between the Mexican and the U.S. governments have been most productive when both governments share common goals but work independently to achieve them. Close collaboration over time produces friction, with Mexico asserting national sovereignty and rejecting integration of common projects. ...

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9. Mexico and the United States: Where Are We and Where Should We Be?

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pp. 170-188

Mexico and the United States are not only neighbors—distant or close depending on where you sit—but two equally proud nations with their respective histories of struggles for independence and bloody civil conflicts. Each is fiercely jealous of its sovereignty, although each benefits enormously from our geographical vicinity. ...

Acronyms

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pp. 189-192

About the Authors

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pp. 193-196

Index

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pp. 197-208

Back Cover

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p. 218-218


E-ISBN-13: 9780815722557
E-ISBN-10: 0815722559
Print-ISBN-13: 9780815724940

Page Count: 208
Publication Year: 2013