Business and Nonproliferation
Industry's Role in Safeguarding a Nuclear Renaissance
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: Brookings Institution Press
Table of Contents
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As this book was in the final stages of preparation, the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant in Japan was damaged severely by a catastrophic earthquake and tsunami that left its cooling systems disabled and radioactive materials leaking into the surrounding environment. The emergency received the International Atomic Energy Agency’s highest rating...
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1. Introduction: Planning a Responsible Nuclear Energy Future
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Nuclear energy is a twentieth-century innovation but until recently has not spread beyond a relatively small number of industrialized nations (see maps on pages 4 and 5). All this is about to change. With global electricity demand increasing dramatically and greenhouse gas emissions and energy security becoming national priorities, developed and...
Part 1: Changing Proliferation Dynamic
2. Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation: Today's Challenges
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For nuclear security writ large, a major expansion of nuclear energy could present both traditional and new challenges. Although the nuclear nonproliferation regime provides assurances that nuclear power is not misused for weapons purposes, the dual-use nature of the technology means that regardless of intent, some nuclear capabilities could provide a baseline from which a nuclear weapons program could proceed...
3. Commercial Nuclear Markets and Nonproliferation
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A dramatic increase in demand for nuclear power could have a large impact on the commercial nuclear industry. Existing companies might see expanded commercial opportunities, while new private sector entrants might be dissuaded by high capital costs, required degree of specialization...
4. Industry and Emerging Nuclear Energy Markets
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As mentioned previously, a notable feature of the nuclear renaissance is the widespread interest in nuclear power, especially in countries without a commercial nuclear infrastructure.1 According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), at least sixty-five countries have expressed such interest, most from outside the industrialized economies of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the main locus...
Part 2: Industry's Views
5. Nuclear Risks: The Views of Industry, Governments, and Nongovernmental Organizations
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Nuclear commerce is one of the most heavily regulated areas of global trade. In traditional supplier countries, exports often are preceded by government agreements setting a framework for bilateral nuclear cooperation, usually handled as important diplomatic events. Major reactor sales generally require such agreements, although there is no international standard for them....
6. Multilateral Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle
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States may seek independence in fuel cycle development for many reasons, including national prestige, regional political prominence, technological independence, assurance of nuclear fuel supply, or even a determination to acquire nuclear weapons or to be in a position to do so.1 Whatever the motivation, the link between national...
7. Expanding Industry’s Nonproliferation Role
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A major theme of this volume is that in order to achieve successful nuclear nonproliferation in the decades ahead, the global nuclear industry must become a stronger partner of governments, international organizations, civil society, and other stakeholders in nonproliferation efforts. As a consequence, it is vital for industry not only to support the efforts...
Appendix: The Brookings Survey
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About the Authors
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Page Count: 238
Publication Year: 2011