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Too Poor for Peace?

Global Poverty, Conflict, and Security in the 21st Century

edited by Lael Brainard and Derek Chollet

Publication Year: 2007

Extreme poverty exhausts institutions, depletes resources, weakens leadership, and ultimately contributes to rising insecurity and conflict. Just as poverty begets insecurity, however, the reverse is also true. As the destabilizing effects of conflict settle in, civil institutions are undermined and poverty proliferates. Breaking this nexus between poverty and conflict is one of the biggest challenges of the twenty-first century. The authors of this compelling book —some of the most experienced practitioners from around the world —investigate the complex and dynamic relationship between poverty and insecurity, exploring possible agents for change. They bring the latest lessons and intellectual framework to bear in an examination of African leadership, the private sector, and American foreign aid as vehicles for improving economic conditions and security. Contributors include Colin Kahl (University of Minnesota),Vinca LaFleur (Vinca LaFleur Communications), Edward Miguel (University of California, Berkeley), Jane Nelson (Harvard University and Brookings), Anthony Nyong (University of Jos and the International Development Research Centre, Nairobi), Susan Rice (Brookings), Robert Rotberg (Harvard University and the World Peace Foundation), Marc Sommers (Tufts University), Hendrik Urdal (International Peace Research Institute), and Jennifer Windsor (Freedom House).

Published by: Brookings Institution Press

Front Cover

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Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Table of Contents

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Foreword

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pp. vii-viii

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Chapter 1: The Tangled Web: The Poverty-Insecurity Nexus

Lael Brainard, Derek Chollet, and Vinca LaFleur

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pp. 1-30

THE FIGHT AGAINST global poverty is commonly—and appropriately— framed as a moral imperative. Stark images of suffering weigh on Western consciences, as images of hungry children in Niger, AIDS orphans in...

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Chapter 2: Poverty Breeds Insecurity

Susan E. Rice

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pp. 31-49

FEW AMERICAN LEADERS today evince much interest in poverty—either domestic or international. Contrast our current obsession with flag burning, the estate tax, immigration, or gay marriage with the animating themes...

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Chapter 3: Poverty and Violence: An Overview of Recent Research and Implications for Foreign Aid

Edward Miguel

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pp. 50-59

DOZENS OF COUNTRIES around the world have suffered civil conflicts in the past few decades, with the highest concentration in sub-Saharan Africa. The humanitarian consequences have been staggering: at least 3 million...

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Chapter 4: Demography, Environment, and Civil Strife

Colin H. Kahl

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pp. 60-72

AT BOTH THE global and local levels, natural resource depletion and environmental degradation result from the interactions among extreme wealth, population pressures, and extreme poverty. The material-intensive...

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Chapter 5: Resource and Environmental Security

Anthony Nyong

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pp. 73-89

MAJOR CONTEMPORARY ECONOMIC and social issues are intimately linked with the quest for global poverty reduction, particularly poverty in developing countries. Today, people around the world, particularly in the...

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Chapter 6: The Demographics of Political Violence: Youth Bulges, Insecurity, and Conflict

Henrik Urdal

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pp. 90-100

YOUTH OFTEN PLAY a prominent role in political violence, and the existence of a “youth bulge” has historically been associated with times of political crisis.1 Generally, it has been observed that young males are the main...

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Chapter 7: Embracing the Margins: Working with Youth amid War and Insecurity

Marc Sommers

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pp. 101-118

"RONALDO” WAS A four-year veteran of Liberia’s civil war. He was first abducted in 2000 by Charles Taylor’s army at the age of twelve years. His captors took him to a military camp, where he found many of his friends...

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Chapter 8: The Role of Leadership in Overcoming Poverty and Achieving Security in Africa

Robert I. Rotberg

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pp. 119-127

TODAY THERE IS a widespread recognition in sub-Saharan Africa that the continent’s earlier leaders, and some of those still in charge, erred by attempting to repeal the fundamental laws of economics, by grabbing wealth...

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Chapter 9: Operating in Insecure Environments

Jane Nelson

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pp. 128-152

CONDITIONS OF SEVERE political, economic, and physical insecurity, often underpinned by weak governance and high levels of poverty and inequality, continue to blight the lives of millions of people around the...

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Chapter 10: Breaking the Poverty-Insecurity Nexus: Is Democracy the Answer?

Jennifer L. Windsor

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pp. 153-162

DO POOR PEOPLE have to make a choice between political freedom and freedom from insecurity or want? This question continues to be asked in some academic and policy circles, despite the evidence and lessons learned...

Contributors

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pp. 163-166

Index

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pp. 167-176

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9780815713760
E-ISBN-10: 0815713762

Page Count: 175
Publication Year: 2007